How to format your references using the BMC Plant Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Plant Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Zrenner E. Will retinal implants restore vision? Science. 2002;295:1022–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Mukhopadhyay D, Riezman H. Proteasome-independent functions of ubiquitin in endocytosis and signaling. Science. 2007;315:201–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Karlseder J, Smogorzewska A, de Lange T. Senescence induced by altered telomere state, not telomere loss. Science. 2002;295:2446–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Steig EJ, Schneider DP, Rutherford SD, Mann ME, Comiso JC, Shindell DT. Warming of the Antarctic ice-sheet surface since the 1957 International Geophysical Year. Nature. 2009;457:459–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Landragin F. Man-Machine Dialogue. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Nyhan J. Computation and the Humanities: Towards an Oral History of Digital Humanities. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Van Dyke Parunak H, Brueckner S, Downs EA, Sappelsa L. Swarming Estimation of Realistic Mental Models. In: Giardini F, Amblard F, editors. Multi-Agent-Based Simulation XIII: International Workshop, MABS 2012, Valencia, Spain, June 4-8, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Plant Biology.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. The Large Magellanic Cloud Might Have A New Satellite. IFLScience. 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/the-large-magellanic-cloud-might-have-a-new-satellite/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Analysis of Cost Estimates for the Space Shuttle and Two Alternate Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Goodwell LY. Do athletic trainers have a positive impact on high school athletes’ knowledge of injury prevention and training habits? Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Billard M. Activists, Afterward. New York Times. 2000;:141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Plant Biology
AbbreviationBMC Plant Biol.
ISSN (online)1471-2229
ScopePlant Science

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