How to format your references using the International Journal of Forest Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Forest Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hemingway J. 2015. Malaria: Fifteen years of interventions. Nature. 526(7572):198–199.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nedeva M, Stampfer M. 2012. Science policy. From “science in Europe” to “European science.” Science. 336(6084):982–983.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamamoto-Kawai M, Carmack E, McLaughlin F. 2006. Nitrogen balance and Arctic throughflow. Nature. 443(7107):43.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Chen X, Tian F, Persson C, Duan W, Chen N-X. 2013. Interlayer interactions in graphites. Sci Rep. 3:3046.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nyce DS. 2016. Position Sensors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Alam SJ, Parunak HVD, editors. 2014. Multi-Agent-Based Simulation XIV: International Workshop, MABS 2013, Saint Paul, MN, USA, May 6-7, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kessels RPC, Brands AMA. 2010. Neuropsychological Assessment. In: Biessels GJ, Luchsinger JA, editors. Diabetes and the Brain. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; p. 77–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Forest Engineering.

Blog post
Evans K. 2016. Stephen Hawking: Humans Only Have About 1,000 Years Left. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Essential Air Service: Changes in Passenger Traffic, Subsidy Levels, and Air Carrier Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Levy MR. 2009. Visual perception and Gestalt grouping in the landscape: Are Gestalt grouping prinicples reliable indicators of visual preference? [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg E. 2016. Misconduct Complaint Against Christie Has Merit, Judge Says. New York Times.:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hemingway 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Nedeva and Stampfer 2012; Hemingway 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nedeva and Stampfer 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Forest Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Forest Eng.
ISSN (print)1494-2119
ISSN (online)1913-2220

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