How to format your references using the International Journal of Forest Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Forest Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kotov NA. 2010. Chemistry. Inorganic nanoparticles as protein mimics. Science. 330(6001):188–189.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fujii N, Graybiel AM. 2003. Representation of action sequence boundaries by macaque prefrontal cortical neurons. Science. 301(5637):1246–1249.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gregory JM, Huybrechts P, Raper SCB. 2004. Climatology: threatened loss of the Greenland ice-sheet. Nature. 428(6983):616.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Renne PR, Feinberg JM, Waters MR, Arroyo-Cabrales J, Ochoa-Castillo P, Perez-Campa M, Knight KB. 2005. Geochronology: age of Mexican ash with alleged “footprints.” Nature. 438(7068):E7-8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zneimer SM. 2014. Cytogenetic Abnormalities. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Raghavan NRS, Cafeo JA, editors. 2009. Product Research: The Art and Science Behind Successful Product Launches. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kozlov MV, Zvereva EL. 2007. Industrial barrens: extreme habitats created by non-ferrous metallurgy. In: Amils R, Ellis-Evans C, Hinghofer-Szalkay H, editors. Life in Extreme Environments. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; p. 69–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Forest Engineering.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2017. Fully-Grown Pig Chimeras Are Only A Few Years Away – We Need To Understand Where They Stand Now. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. NASA: Issues Surrounding the Transition from the Space Shuttle to the Next Generation of Human Space Flight Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hilton LC. 2015. Case study on organic farming as a sustainable solution for African-American farmers [Doctoral dissertation]. Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. 2002. Use Any Color Shopping Bag, So Long as It’s Red. New York Times.:145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kotov 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Fujii and Graybiel 2003; Kotov 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fujii and Graybiel 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Renne et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Forest Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Forest Eng.
ISSN (print)1494-2119
ISSN (online)1913-2220

Other styles