How to format your references using the International Journal of Forest Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Forest Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tranvik L. 2014. Biogeochemistry. Carbon cycling in the Arctic. Science. 345:870.
A journal article with 2 authors
Najemnik J, Geisler WS. 2005. Optimal eye movement strategies in visual search. Nature. 434:387–391.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen S, Zhang YE, Long M. 2010. New genes in Drosophila quickly become essential. Science. 330:1682–1685.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Gouin E, Egile C, Dehoux P, Villiers V, Adams J, Gertler F, Li R, Cossart P. 2004. The RickA protein of Rickettsia conorii activates the Arp2/3 complex. Nature. 427:457–461.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pardoe I. 2006. Applied Regression Modeling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Backhaus JG, Drechsler W, editors. 2006. Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900): Economy and Society. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Chapuis G, Djidjev H. 2015. Shortest-Path Queries in Planar Graphs on GPU-Accelerated Architectures. In: Lirkov I, Margenov SD, Waśniewski J, editors. Large-Scale Scientific Computing: 10th International Conference, LSSC 2015, Sozopol, Bulgaria, June 8-12, 2015 Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 53–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Forest Engineering.

Blog post
Fang J. 2015. Pesky Beetle Destroys Coffee Crops Thanks to Caffeine-Detoxing Gut Microbes. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Procedures and Policies of the Energy Research and Development Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sumner I. 2010. Quantum wavepacket ab initio molecular dynamics: Simulating quantum nuclear effects in complex systems [Doctoral dissertation]. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hoffman C. 2013. David Lynch Has a Great Idea for a Movie. New York Times.:MM26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tranvik 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Najemnik & Geisler 2005; Tranvik 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Najemnik & Geisler 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Gouin et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Forest Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Forest Eng.
ISSN (print)1494-2119
ISSN (online)1913-2220

Other styles