How to format your references using the International Journal of Forest Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Forest Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodenough JB. 2000. Oxide-ion conductors by design. Nature. 404(6780):821, 823.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dulcis D, Spitzer NC. 2008. Illumination controls differentiation of dopamine neurons regulating behaviour. Nature. 456(7219):195–201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hsu M, Anen C, Quartz SR. 2008. The right and the good: distributive justice and neural encoding of equity and efficiency. Science. 320(5879):1092–1095.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Poremba A, Malloy M, Saunders RC, Carson RE, Herscovitch P, Mishkin M. 2004. Species-specific calls evoke asymmetric activity in the monkey’s temporal poles. Nature. 427(6973):448–451.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tannenbaum LV. 2013. Alternative Ecological Risk Assessment. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wortsman X, editor. 2013. Dermatologic Ultrasound with Clinical and Histologic Correlations. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Caesar M, Crush J. 2016. Food Access and Insecurity in a Supermarket City. In: Crush J, Battersby J, editors. Rapid Urbanisation, Urban Food Deserts and Food Security in Africa. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Forest Engineering.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016. Contraceptive Pill Appears To Significantly Increase The Risk Of Depression. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Federal Aviation Administration: Plan Still Needed to Meet Challenges to Effectively Managing Air Traffic Controller Workforce. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harvey SL. 2012. From “The Man With the Hoe” to “Tobacco Road”: Class, Poverty and Religion and the Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union [Doctoral dissertation]. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. 2006. Former Playmate Wins Procedural Round in Fight Over Estate. New York Times.:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodenough 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Goodenough 2000; Dulcis and Spitzer 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dulcis and Spitzer 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Poremba et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Forest Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Forest Eng.
ISSN (print)1494-2119
ISSN (online)1913-2220

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