How to format your references using the International Journal of Forest Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Forest Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ray LB. 2008. Cell signaling. Getting your loops straight. Introduction. Science. 322(5900):389.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cooper A, Stringer CB. 2013. Paleontology. Did the Denisovans cross Wallace’s Line? Science. 342(6156):321–323.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chaudhuri J, Khuong C, Alt FW. 2004. Replication protein A interacts with AID to promote deamination of somatic hypermutation targets. Nature. 430(7003):992–998.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Irvine DV, Zaratiegui M, Tolia NH, Goto DB, Chitwood DH, Vaughn MW, Joshua-Tor L, Martienssen RA. 2006. Argonaute slicing is required for heterochromatic silencing and spreading. Science. 313(5790):1134–1137.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Niles JD. 2016. Old English Literature. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nielsen PMF, Wittek A, Miller K, editors. 2012. Computational Biomechanics for Medicine: Deformation and Flow. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirabayashi Y. 2011. Collective Recognition and Shared Identity: Factors Behind the Emergence and Mobilization Process in a Referendum Movement1. In: Broadbent J, Brockman V, editors. East Asian Social Movements: Power, Protest, and Change in a Dynamic Region. New York, NY: Springer; p. 81–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Forest Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Watch The Earth Open And Close During Japan’s 2011 Earthquake. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Highway Safety Improvement Program: Further Efforts Needed to Address Data Limitations and Better Align Funding with States’ Top Safety Priorities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lenz RM. 2017. Iron, Arsenic, and Elevated Salinity in the Lower Mississippi River Alluvial Aquifer of Louisiana [Doctoral dissertation]. Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR. 2017. Silvery, Then Raucous: A Leap Across Time. New York Times.:C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ray 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Ray 2008; Cooper and Stringer 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cooper and Stringer 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Irvine et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Forest Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Forest Eng.
ISSN (print)1494-2119
ISSN (online)1913-2220

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