How to format your references using the Onkologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Onkologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brazeau MD. The braincase and jaws of a Devonian “acanthodian” and modern gnathostome origins. Nature. 2009 Jan;457(7227):305–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hollien J, Weissman JS. Decay of endoplasmic reticulum-localized mRNAs during the unfolded protein response. Science. 2006 Jul;313(5783):104–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burke MD, Berger EM, Schreiber SL. Generating diverse skeletons of small molecules combinatorially. Science. 2003 Oct;302(5645):613–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Si MS, Li JY, Yang DZ, Xue DS, Zhang GP. Crystal-momentum dispersion of ultrafast spin change in fcc Co. Sci Rep. 2014 May;4:5010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stenholm S, Suominen K-A. Quantum Approach to Informatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Iguchi M. Modeling Multiphase Materials Processes: Gas-Liquid Systems. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Hatami-Marbini H, Mofrad MRK. Rheology and Mechanics of the Cytoskeleton. In: Spagnolie SE, editor. Complex Fluids in Biological Systems: Experiment, Theory, and Computation. New York, NY: Springer; 2015; pp 187–205.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Onkologie.

Blog post
Davis J. Extinct Giant Elephant Genetics Prove There Are Actually Two Living African Species [Internet]. IFLScience. 2017 Jun


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Review of NASA Contract To Determine Procedures Used in Negotiating Noncompetitive Contracts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tafoya A. Impact of HIV/AIDS stigma on seropositive Latinos along the United States-Mexico border. 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Where Many Things Besides the Islanders Need Fixing. New York Times. 2011 Jul;SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOnkologie
ISSN (print)0378-584X
ISSN (online)1423-0240

Other styles