How to format your references using the Onkologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Onkologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Howard AW. Observed properties of extrasolar planets. Science. 2013 May;340(6132):572–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gerardot BD, Ohberg P. Physics. A strongly driven spin. Science. 2009 Dec;326(5959):1489–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Milinski M, Semmann D, Krambeck H-J. Reputation helps solve the “tragedy of the commons.” Nature. 2002 Jan;415(6870):424–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hensel KO, Boland V, Postberg J, Zilbauer M, Heuschkel R, Vogel S, et al. Differential expression of mucosal trefoil factors and mucins in pediatric inflammatory bowel diseases. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec;4:7343.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lui SH. Numerical Analysis of Partial Differential Equations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Hsu S, Wu Y-Y, editors. Education as Cultivation in Chinese Culture. Singapore: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Miranda JP, Carrillo D, Mathilde F, de Figueiredo FAP, Bazzo JJ. Wavelet-Based Narrowband Interference Suppression in Long Term Evolution Physical Channels. In: Paradisi A, Yacoub MD, Lira Figueiredo F, Tronco T, editors. Long Term Evolution: 4G and Beyond. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 79–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Onkologie.

Blog post
Luntz S. Mathematicians Work Out Zombie Apocalypse Plan [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Feb


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Railroad Retirement Board: Total and Permanent Disability Program at Risk of Improper Payments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson S. Searching for Identity and Truth: How Letter Writing Creates Identity in Victorian Literature. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith M, Davey M, Blinder A. Random Shots on a Deadly Night for Kalamazoo. New York Times. 2016 Feb;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOnkologie
ISSN (print)0378-584X
ISSN (online)1423-0240

Other styles