How to format your references using the Onkologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Onkologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zharkov D. Wise fool left Hussars for career in science admin. Nature. 2000 Aug;406(6796):560.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sahin E, Depinho RA. Linking functional decline of telomeres, mitochondria and stem cells during ageing. Nature. 2010 Mar;464(7288):520–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lebrun EG, Jones NT, Gilbert LE. Chemical warfare among invaders: a detoxification interaction facilitates an ant invasion. Science. 2014 Feb;343(6174):1014–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kubikova L, Bosikova E, Cvikova M, Lukacova K, Scharff C, Jarvis ED. Basal ganglia function, stuttering, sequencing, and repair in adult songbirds. Sci Rep. 2014 Oct;4:6590.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prydie D, Hewitt I. Practical Physiotherapy for Small Animal Practice. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Astiz MF, Akiba M, editors. The Global and the Local: Diverse Perspectives in Comparative Education. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhong J, Dou N-N. A Novel Hypothesis on the Mechanism of Hemifacial Spasm. In: Li S-T, Zhong J, Sekula RF Jr, editors. Microvascular Decompression Surgery. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2016; pp 51–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Onkologie.

Blog post
Andrew D. Fair Play? How ‘Smart Drugs’ Are Making Workplaces More Competitive [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Jul [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Opportunities To Improve the Redistribution of the Federal Government’s Excess Automatic Data Processing Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Encarnacion M. Does the use of clickers while incorporating small groups discussion increase student learning in the chemistry classroom. 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. Opening Night for ‘Arsenic and Old Lace.’ New York Times. 2015 Sep;C28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOnkologie
ISSN (print)0378-584X
ISSN (online)1423-0240

Other styles