How to format your references using the Annals of Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heckenberger, M.: Journal club. An archaeologist looks at South America’s early complex societies. Nature. 458, 683 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
De Angelis, H., Skvarca, P.: Glacier surge after ice shelf collapse. Science. 299, 1560–1562 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown, M.S., Ye, J., Goldstein, J.L.: Medicine. HDL miR-ed down by SREBP introns. Science. 328, 1495–1496 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Irvine, D.J., Purbhoo, M.A., Krogsgaard, M., Davis, M.M.: Direct observation of ligand recognition by T cells. Nature. 419, 845–849 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
d’Andria, A., Gabarret, I.: Building 21st Century Entrepreneurship. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2017)
An edited book
Dragomir, S.: Differential Geometry and Analysis on CR Manifolds. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Axelsson, E., Claessen, K., Sheeran, M.: Wired: Wire-Aware Circuit Design. In: Borrione, D. and Paul, W. (eds.) Correct Hardware Design and Verification Methods: 13th IFIP WG 10.5 Advanced Research Working Conference, CHARME 2005, Saarbrücken, Germany, October 3-6, 2005. Proceedings. pp. 5–19. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Finance.

Blog post
Hale, T.: This Font Could Make It Easier To Learn Japanese,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Recovery Act: Broadband Programs Are Ongoing, and Agencies’ Efforts Would Benefit from Improved Data Quality. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2012)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aguilar, M.: Latina single mothers: Perspectives on parenting, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J.: Dance Moves Only for Males, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heckenberger 2009).
This sentence cites two references (De Angelis and Skvarca 2003; Heckenberger 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (De Angelis and Skvarca 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Irvine et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Finance
AbbreviationAnn. Fin.
ISSN (print)1614-2446
ISSN (online)1614-2454
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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