How to format your references using the Annals of Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGlone, M.: Paleontology. The hunters did it. Science. 335, 1452–1453 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, D., Seo, J.: Three-dimensionally networked graphene hydroxide with giant pores and its application in supercapacitors. Sci. Rep. 4, 7419 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Lake, B.M., Salakhutdinov, R., Tenenbaum, J.B.: Human-level concept learning through probabilistic program induction. Science. 350, 1332–1338 (2015)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Burchardt, S., Troll, V.R., Mathieu, L., Emeleus, H.C., Donaldson, C.H.: Ardnamurchan 3D cone-sheet architecture explained by a single elongate magma chamber. Sci. Rep. 3, 2891 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Bosse, J.G.: Signaling in Telecommunication Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA (2002)
An edited book
Seitz, P., Theuwissen, A.J.P. eds: Single-Photon Imaging. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Sheth, A.N., Lahiri, C.D., Ofotokun, I.: Sex Differences in Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics. In: Klein, S.L. and Roberts, C.W. (eds.) Sex and Gender Differences in Infection and Treatments for Infectious Diseases. pp. 75–102. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Finance.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Electric Bacteria Eat Electrons


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites: With Costs Increasing and Data Continuity at Risk, Improvements Needed in Tri-agency Decision Making. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2009)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baruth, L.E.: Joan Tower and the clarinet: An examination of her compositional style and a performer’s guide to “RAIN WAVES” (1997) and “A GIFT” (2007), (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J.: ‘Stranger Things’ Will Return in 2017, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGlone 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Lee and Seo 2014; McGlone 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Seo 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Burchardt et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Finance
AbbreviationAnn. Fin.
ISSN (print)1614-2446
ISSN (online)1614-2454
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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