How to format your references using the Annals of Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gill, G.N.: A pit stop at the ER. Science. 295, 1654–1655 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Scully, R., Livingston, D.M.: In search of the tumour-suppressor functions of BRCA1 and BRCA2. Nature. 408, 429–432 (2000)
A journal article with 3 authors
Arnold, K.E., Owens, I.P.F., Marshall, N.J.: Fluorescent signaling in parrots. Science. 295, 92 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pandey, M., Syed, S., Donmez, I., Patel, G., Ha, T., Patel, S.S.: Coordinating DNA replication by means of priming loop and differential synthesis rate. Nature. 462, 940–943 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sturges, R.H., Jr: Practical Field Robotics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2014)
An edited book
Leung, V.C.M., Chen, M., Wan, J., Zhang, Y. eds: Testbeds and Research Infrastructure: Development of Networks and Communities: 9th International ICST Conference, TridentCom 2014, Guangzhou, China, May 5-7, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Ching, W.-K., Huang, X., Ng, M.K., Siu, T.-K.: A Hidden Markov Model for Customer Classification. In: Huang, X., Ng, M.K., and Siu, T.-K. (eds.) Markov Chains: Models, Algorithms and Applications. pp. 97–106. Springer US, Boston, MA (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Finance.

Blog post
Hale, T.: France Becomes First Country To Ban Plastic Cups, Plates, And Cutlery,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greene, B.: Repercussions of the Dark Valley - Reenacting And Reinterpreting an Era via Fantasy Manga, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steven Lee Myers;, Joyce H. Man contributed reporting for this article: Emphasizing Creativity, Not Collectivity, (2005)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gill 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gill 2002; Scully and Livingston 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scully and Livingston 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Pandey et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Finance
AbbreviationAnn. Fin.
ISSN (print)1614-2446
ISSN (online)1614-2454
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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