How to format your references using the Annals of Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenberg, R.: Chemistry. Rethinking water splitting. Science. 324, 44–45 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Hickman, A.J., Sanford, M.S.: High-valent organometallic copper and palladium in catalysis. Nature. 484, 177–185 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheung, W.W.L., Watson, R., Pauly, D.: Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature. 497, 365–368 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fan, B., Guo, L., Li, N., Chen, J., Lin, H., Zhang, X., Shen, M., Rao, Y., Wang, C., Ma, L.: Earlier vegetation green-up has reduced spring dust storms. Sci. Rep. 4, 6749 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wesley, L.D.: Geotechnical Engineering in Residual Soils. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2010)
An edited book
Waller, P.: Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Różewski, P., Bednarz, J.: Multimodal Perspective on Ontologies Combining Problem in Production Management Systems. In: Omatu, S., Bersini, H., Corchado, J.M., Rodríguez, S., Pawlewski, P., and Bucciarelli, E. (eds.) Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence, 11th International Conference. pp. 39–46. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: New Eye Drops Can Dissolve Cataracts With No Need For Surgery,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: FCC: Access to Telecommunications Equipment and Services by Persons With Disabilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1996)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, S.A.: Development of an age-appropriate, facility-specific nutrition screening and assessment tool for the elderly, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: Court Looks at Legal Role for Mentally Ill, (2008)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenberg 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenberg 2009; Hickman and Sanford 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hickman and Sanford 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Fan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Finance
AbbreviationAnn. Fin.
ISSN (print)1614-2446
ISSN (online)1614-2454
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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