How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P.M. Kappeler, Evolution. Why male mammals are monogamous, Science. 341 (2013) 469–470.
A journal article with 2 authors
H.S. Rhee, B.F. Pugh, Genome-wide structure and organization of eukaryotic pre-initiation complexes, Nature. 483 (2012) 295–301.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Werfel, K. Petersen, R. Nagpal, Designing collective behavior in a termite-inspired robot construction team, Science. 343 (2014) 754–758.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Falzarano, E. de Wit, C. Martellaro, J. Callison, V.J. Munster, H. Feldmann, Inhibition of novel β coronavirus replication by a combination of interferon-α2b and ribavirin, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1686.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
M. Turgut, F.S. Haddad, O. de Divitiis, eds., Neurobrucellosis: Clinical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Features, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Nenon, The Limits of Biomedical Ethics and the Specific Role of Phenomenology in Biomedical Ethics, in: O.P. Wiggins, A.C. Allen (Eds.), Clinical Ethics and the Necessity of Stories: Essays in Honor of Richard M. Zaner, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2011: pp. 45–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Psychology.

Blog post
J. Davis, Scientists Claim To Have Reversed Menopause, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Air Marshal Service: Additional Actions Needed to Ensure Air Marshals’ Mission Readiness, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N.M. Messian, The Spiral of Time: A Path to the Soul—Jewish Mystical and Depth Psychological Perspectives, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, Toys, Manolos and Tennis Champs, New York Times. (2017) AR72.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Psychology
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Psychol.
ISSN (print)2352-250X

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