How to format your references using the Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barbier, E.B., 2014, 'Disaster Management. A global strategy for protecting vulnerable coastal populations', Science (New York, N.Y.) 345, 1250–1251.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schulz, B. & Frommer, W.B., 2004, 'Plant biology. A plant ABC transporter takes the lotus seat', Science (New York, N.Y.) 306, 622–625.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schneider, D.M., Nelson, A. & Mooney, R., 2014, 'A synaptic and circuit basis for corollary discharge in the auditory cortex', Nature 513, 189–194.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Perry, L., Sandweiss, D.H., Piperno, D.R., Rademaker, K., Malpass, M.A., Umire, A., et al., 2006, 'Early maize agriculture and interzonal interaction in southern Peru', Nature 440, 76–79.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hickey, R., 2013, A Dictionary of Varieties of English, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken.
An edited book
Purvis, M., 2006, Beginning Google Maps Applications with PHP and Ajax: From Novice to Professional, J. Sambells & C. Turner (eds.), Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Dermietzel, R. & Meier, C., 2005, 'Gap Junction Expression in Brain Tissues with Focus on Development', in E. Winterhager (ed.) Gap Junctions in Development and Disease, pp. 83–110, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015, EPA Accidentally Contaminates River With Millions Of Gallons Of Toxic Waste, IFLScience, viewed 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006, No Child Left Behind Act: States Face Challenges Measuring Academic Growth That Education’s Initiatives May Help Address, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marlatt, E.S., 2013, 'Effects of accelerated instruction on achievement gains of underprepared Catholic high school freshmen', Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jorden, J., 2017, 'Scaling the Everest of Opera', New York Times, AR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barbier 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Barbier 2014; Schulz & Frommer 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schulz & Frommer 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Perry et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleOnderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
AbbreviationOnderstepoort J. Vet. Res.
ISSN (online)2219-0635
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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