How to format your references using the Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mukhopadhyay, S., 2012, 'Early differentiation and volatile accretion recorded in deep-mantle neon and xenon', Nature 486, 101–104.
A journal article with 2 authors
Friedrich, R.W. & Laurent, G., 2001, 'Dynamic optimization of odor representations by slow temporal patterning of mitral cell activity', Science (New York, N.Y.) 291, 889–894.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, V.N., Kataoka, N. & Dreyfuss, G., 2001, 'Role of the nonsense-mediated decay factor hUpf3 in the splicing-dependent exon-exon junction complex', Science (New York, N.Y.) 293, 1832–1836.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, B.-H., Wißmann, S., Hu, X.-M., Zhang, C., Huang, Y.-F., Li, C.-F., et al., 2014, 'Locality and universality of quantum memory effects', Scientific reports 4, 6327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minuth, W.W., Strehl, R. & Schumacher, K., 2005, Tissue Engineering, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Lee, K. & Kaplan, D. (eds.), 2007, Tissue Engineering II: Basics of Tissue Engineering and Tissue Applications, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kadel, R., Kessler, C. & Vogel, L., 2009, 'Zero Footprint – A Viable Concept for Climate-Friendly Tourism in Africa?', in R. Conrady & M. Buck (eds.) Trends and Issues in Global Tourism 2009, pp. 65–76, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, Yes, Eastern Coyotes Are Hybrids, But The ‘Coywolf’ Is Not A Thing, IFLScience, viewed 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015, Information Security: FAA Needs to Address Weaknesses in Air Traffic Control Systems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pak, C.H., 2015, 'A study of high-performing at-risk high school students and their perceptions on academic success and achievement', Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2004, 'World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Demoted To ‘Not Free’', New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mukhopadhyay 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Friedrich & Laurent 2001; Mukhopadhyay 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Friedrich & Laurent 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleOnderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
AbbreviationOnderstepoort J. Vet. Res.
ISSN (online)2219-0635
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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