How to format your references using the Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Geballe, T.H., 2001, 'Superconductivity. Super boron', Science (New York, N.Y.) 293, 223–224.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shapiro, R.B. & Ossorio, P.N., 2013, 'Research ethics. Regulation of online social network studies', Science (New York, N.Y.) 339, 144–145.
A journal article with 3 authors
Benham-Pyle, B.W., Pruitt, B.L. & Nelson, W.J., 2015, 'Cell adhesion. Mechanical strain induces E-cadherin-dependent Yap1 and β-catenin activation to drive cell cycle entry', Science (New York, N.Y.) 348, 1024–1027.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ishii, M., Egen, J.G., Klauschen, F., Meier-Schellersheim, M., Saeki, Y., Vacher, J., et al., 2009, 'Sphingosine-1-phosphate mobilizes osteoclast precursors and regulates bone homeostasis', Nature 458, 524–528.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thiessen, H., 1996, Measuring the Real World, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, England.
An edited book
Vaudenay, S. (ed.), 2006, Advances in Cryptology - EUROCRYPT 2006: 24th Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, St. Petersburg, Russia, May 28 - June 1, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Verma, M., 2015, 'The Role of Epigenomics in the Study of Cancer Biomarkers and in the Development of Diagnostic Tools', in R. Scatena (ed.) Advances in Cancer Biomarkers: From biochemistry to clinic for a critical revision, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. pp. 59–80, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, Iconic Boab Trees Trace Journeys Of Ancient Aboriginal People, IFLScience, viewed 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999, Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Readiness of the Electric Power Industry, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martin, J.C., 2008, 'Tbx18 and the epicardium in cardiac development and regenerative medicine', Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D.A., 2007, 'Fast Cellphones Aim To Unseat Laptops', New York Times, SPG9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Geballe 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Geballe 2001; Shapiro & Ossorio 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shapiro & Ossorio 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ishii et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleOnderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
AbbreviationOnderstepoort J. Vet. Res.
ISSN (online)2219-0635
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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