How to format your references using the Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson, M., 2013, 'Agriculture and drought', Nature 501, S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wyatt, M.B. & McSween, H.Y., Jr, 2002, 'Spectral evidence for weathered basalt as an alternative to andesite in the northern lowlands of Mars', Nature 417, 263–266.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ford, E.B., Seager, S. & Turner, E.L., 2001, 'Characterization of extrasolar terrestrial planets from diurnal photometric variability', Nature 412, 885–887.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bell, D.R., Jorgensen, P., Christophel, E.M. & Palmer, K.L., 2005, 'Malaria risk: estimation of the malaria burden', Nature 437, E3-4; discussion E4-5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Helvoort, H., 2005, Next Generation SDH/SONET, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Durán, N., Guterres, S.S. & Alves, O.L. (eds.), 2014, Nanotoxicology: Materials, Methodologies, and Assessments, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Tan, K.-Y., Wu, X. & Seow-Choen, F., 2010, 'Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Reduction of Discomfort and Side-Effects of Surgery', in W. C. S. Cho (ed.) Supportive Cancer Care with Chinese Medicine, pp. 95–107, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014, Scientists Translate Penguin Calls, IFLScience, viewed 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990, Observations on Ohio’s Implementation of the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1986, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Libman, M., 2012, 'A policy analysis of the Penal Code Section 186.20-186.33: California Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act', Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2010, 'After a Pension Fraud Case, Wondering Who’s Up Next', New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Grayson 2013; Wyatt & McSween 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wyatt & McSween 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Bell et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleOnderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
AbbreviationOnderstepoort J. Vet. Res.
ISSN (online)2219-0635
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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