How to format your references using the Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball, P., 2001, 'Life’s lessons in design', Nature 409, 413–416.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hightower, M. & Pierce, S.A., 2008, 'The energy challenge', Nature 452, 285–286.
A journal article with 3 authors
Biertümpfel, C., Yang, W. & Suck, D., 2007, 'Crystal structure of T4 endonuclease VII resolving a Holliday junction', Nature 449, 616–620.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Amdam, G.V., Csondes, A., Fondrk, M.K. & Page, R.E., Jr, 2006, 'Complex social behaviour derived from maternal reproductive traits', Nature 439, 76–78.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chaudhry, A., Coetsee, D., Bakker, E., Varughese, S., McIlwaine, S., Fuller, C., et al., 2014, 2015 Interpretation and Application of International Financial Reporting Standards, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dong, Y., 2016, Consensus Building in Group Decision Making: Searching the Consensus Path with Minimum Adjustments, J. Xu (ed.), Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Kullmann, O., Lynce, I. & Marques-Silva, J., 2006, 'Categorisation of Clauses in Conjunctive Normal Forms: Minimally Unsatisfiable Sub-clause-sets and the Lean Kernel', in A. Biere & C. P. Gomes (eds.) Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing - SAT 2006: 9th International Conference, Seattle, WA, USA, August 12-15, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. pp. 22–35, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015, Can You Really ‘Unripen’ A Banana With A Blowdryer And Rice?, IFLScience, viewed 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987, Preparing, Documenting, and Referencing Lotus Spreadsheets, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, E.H., 2010, 'A personal narrative of a Korean immigrant to the United States: A quest for finding a niche', Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. & Martin, J., 2017, 'Marchers Map Out Next Steps', New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dantzer 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Brenner 2007; Smaglik 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hightower & Pierce 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (De Nadal et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleOnderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
AbbreviationOnderstepoort J. Vet. Res.
ISSN (online)2219-0635
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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