How to format your references using the Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Umstadter, D., 2000, 'Laser light splits atom', Nature 404, 239.
A journal article with 2 authors
May, M. & Brody, H., 2015, 'Nature Index 2015 Global', Nature 522, S1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hong, J.-W., Hendrix, D.A. & Levine, M.S., 2008, 'Shadow enhancers as a source of evolutionary novelty', Science (New York, N.Y.) 321, 1314.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wartewig, T., Kurgyis, Z., Keppler, S., Pechloff, K., Hameister, E., Öllinger, R., et al., 2018, 'Erratum: PD-1 is a haploinsufficient suppressor of T cell lymphomagenesis', Nature 553, 238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raghavan, V., 2016, Combustion Technology, John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Elm, S. & Willich, S.N. (eds.), 2009, Quo Vadis Medical Healing: Past Concepts and New Approaches, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Schweiger, H.F. & Peschl, G., 2007, 'Basic Concepts and Applications of Random Sets in Geotechnical Engineering', in D. V. Griffiths & G. A. Fenton (eds.) Probabilistic Methods in Geotechnical Engineering, CISM Courses and Lectures. pp. 113–126, Springer, Vienna.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017, Astronomers Spot Mysterious Blob From The Ancient Universe, IFLScience, viewed 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986, Social Security: Quality of Services Generally Rated High by Clients Sampled, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alderson, M., 2017, 'Procedural Justice and Police Encounters with Homeless Injecting Drug Users', Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crawford, S., 2017, 'Trump’s Big Telecom Giveaway', New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Umstadter 2000).
This sentence cites two references (May & Brody 2015; Umstadter 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (May & Brody 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Wartewig et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleOnderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
AbbreviationOnderstepoort J. Vet. Res.
ISSN (online)2219-0635
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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