How to format your references using the Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2000, 'Varmus tells Congress to grasp thorny policy issues', Nature 404, 530.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaminski, T. & Heimann, M., 2001, 'Inverse modeling of atmospheric carbon dioxide fluxes', Science (New York, N.Y.) 294, 259.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayashi, K., Yoshida, K. & Matsui, Y., 2005, 'A histone H3 methyltransferase controls epigenetic events required for meiotic prophase', Nature 438, 374–378.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, Z., Zhang, Y., Zhang, J., Huang, L., Liu, J., Li, Y., et al., 2014, 'Exploring natural silk protein sericin for regenerative medicine: an injectable, photoluminescent, cell-adhesive 3D hydrogel', Scientific reports 4, 7064.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai, Y., 2012, Practical Database Programming with Visual Basic.NET, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Madhavan, G., Oakley, B., Green, D., Koon, D. & Low, P. (eds.), 2013, Practicing Sustainability, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Milton, K.A. & Schwinger, J., 2006, 'Variational Principles for Harmonic Time Dependence', in J. Schwinger (ed.) Electromagnetic Radiation: Variational Methods, Waveguides and Accelerators, pp. 79–94, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014, Hybrid-Electric Plane Successfully Tested In The UK, IFLScience, viewed 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996, School Lunch Program: Cafeteria Managers’ Views on Food Wasted by Students, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oparnica, D., 2013, 'The role of nurses in health care reform: A project report', Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2005, 'World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: Top Aide Replaced', New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kaminski & Heimann 2001; Smaglik 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaminski & Heimann 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleOnderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
AbbreviationOnderstepoort J. Vet. Res.
ISSN (online)2219-0635
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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