How to format your references using the Respiratory Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Respiratory Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Macneil JS. NEUROSCIENCE: Neural Net Contest Draws Online Crowd. Science. 2000;290:2233b.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Stein RS, Toda S. Geophysics. Megacity megaquakes--two near misses. Science. 2013;341:850–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pier H, Kapon E, Moser M. Strain effects and phase transitions in photonic resonator crystals. Nature. 2000;407:880–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Visscher PM, Smith D, Hall SJ, Williams JL, Williams JA. A viable herd of genetically uniform cattle. Nature. 2001;409:303.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lebowitz ER, Omer H. Treating Childhood and Adolescent Anxiety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Cai J. International Comparative Studies in Mathematics: Lessons for Improving Students’ Learning. Mok IAC, Reddy V, Stacey K, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Perri R, Carlesimo GA. I deficit cognitivi nelle sindromi extrapiramidali con demenza. In: Caltagirone C, editor. Malattia di Parkinson e parkinsonismi: La prospettiva delle neuroscienze cognitive. Milano: Springer; 2009. p. 53–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Respiratory Research.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. One Third Of Humanity Can’t See The Milky Way In The Night Sky [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/one-third-of-humanity-cant-see-the-milky-way-in-the-night-sky/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Truck Safety: Share the Road Safely Program Needs Better Evaluation of Its Initiatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 May. Report No.: GAO-03-680.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Heatlie JM. Effects of Simulation on Senior Nursing Students’ Patient Safety Competence: A Quantitative Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Stars as Teammates: Not a New Concept. New York Times. 2010 Jul 10;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRespiratory Research
ISSN (online)1465-993X
Scope

Other styles