How to format your references using the Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blumberg, B. S. (2008). Obituary: Joshua Lederberg (1925-2008). Nature, 452(7186), 422.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones, P. A., & Takai, D. (2001). The role of DNA methylation in mammalian epigenetics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5532), 1068–1070.
A journal article with 3 authors
Costello, M. J., May, R. M., & Stork, N. E. (2013). Response to comments on “Can we name Earth’s species before they go extinct?” Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6143), 237.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, J., Liu, Y., Wang, H., Hao, H., Han, Q., Shen, J., … Han, W. (2013). Direct differentiation of hepatic stem-like WB cells into insulin-producing cells using small molecules. Scientific reports, 3, 1185.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hadjsaïd, N., & Sabonnadière, J.-C. (2013). Power Systems and Restructuring. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Higgs, J., Croker, A., Tasker, D., Hummell, J., & Patton, N. (Eds.). (2014). Health Practice Relationships. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Byun, J.-W., Sohn, Y., Bertino, E., & Li, N. (2006). Secure Anonymization for Incremental Datasets. In W. Jonker & M. Petković (Eds.), Secure Data Management: Third VLDB Workshop, SDM 2006, Seoul, Korea, September 10-11, 2006. Proceedings (pp. 48–63). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 10). #ILookLikeAnEngineer Shines A Welcome Light On Industry’s Diversity. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Department of Education Uncertain About Effectiveness of Its Special Services Program (No. HRD-83-13). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graham, S. M. (2017). Conditions that Prompt the Migrant Worker Population to Access Pre-Hospital Emergency Care in Place of Health Centers in Qatar (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. (2017, June 23). The Incredible Shrinking White House Briefing. New York Times, p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
AbbreviationJ. Interv. Card. Electrophysiol.
ISSN (print)1383-875X
ISSN (online)1572-8595
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Physiology (medical)

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