How to format your references using the Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Franklin, A. D. (2013). Electronics: the road to carbon nanotube transistors. Nature, 498(7455), 443–444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lin, Y., & Zhang, Z. (2014). Mean first-passage time for maximal-entropy random walks in complex networks. Scientific reports, 4, 5365.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nemecek, J. C., Wüthrich, M., & Klein, B. S. (2006). Global control of dimorphism and virulence in fungi. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5773), 583–588.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Saal, A. E., Hauri, E. H., Langmuir, C. H., & Perfit, M. R. (2002). Vapour undersaturation in primitive mid-ocean-ridge basalt and the volatile content of Earth’s upper mantle. Nature, 419(6906), 451–455.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bahgat, G. (2011). Energy Security. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Izmailov, A. F. (2014). Newton-Type Methods for Optimization and Variational Problems. (M. V. Solodov, Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bojarovich, J., & Malinkovsky, Y. (2013). Stationary Distribution Invariance of an Open Queueing Network with Temporarily Non-active Customers. In A. Dudin, V. Klimenok, G. Tsarenkov, & S. Dudin (Eds.), Modern Probabilistic Methods for Analysis of Telecommunication Networks: Belarusian Winter Workshops in Queueing Theory, BWWQT 2013, Minsk, Belarus, January 28-31, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 26–32). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, March 1). Why Are Pandas Black And White? IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Job Training Partnership Act: Actions Needed to Improve Participant Support Services (No. HRD-92-124). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liyakath, R. A. (2012). Reconfigurable Antenna and RF Circuits Using Multi-Layer Stretchable Conductors (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lichtblau, E. (2015, December 15). Maryland Man Accused of Tapping Money From ISIS Operatives for a U.S. Attack. New York Times, p. A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
AbbreviationJ. Interv. Card. Electrophysiol.
ISSN (print)1383-875X
ISSN (online)1572-8595
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Physiology (medical)

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