How to format your references using the Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Atkinson, P. M. (2014). Assess the real cost of research assessment. Nature, 516(7530), 145.
A journal article with 2 authors
Russell, E. V., & Israeloff, N. E. (2000). Direct observation of molecular cooperativity near the glass transition. Nature, 408(6813), 695–698.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ledingham, K. W. D., McKenna, P., & Singhal, R. P. (2003). Applications for nuclear phenomena generated by ultra-intense lasers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5622), 1107–1111.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wood, W. T., Gettrust, J. F., Chapman, N. R., Spence, G. D., & Hyndman, R. D. (2002). Decreased stability of methane hydrates in marine sediments owing to phase-boundary roughness. Nature, 420(6916), 656–660.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stenzel, J. (2010). CIO Best Practices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Barrett, L. W. (2013). Untranslated Gene Regions and Other Non-coding Elements: Regulation of Eukaryotic Gene Expression. (S. Fletcher & S. D. Wilton, Eds.). Basel: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dabbagh, N., Benson, A. D., Denham, A., Joseph, R., Al-Freih, M., Zgheib, G., … Guo, Z. (2016). Augmented Reality. In A. D. Benson, A. Denham, R. Joseph, M. Al-Freih, G. Zgheib, H. Fake, & Z. Guo (Eds.), Learning Technologies and Globalization: Pedagogical Frameworks and Applications (pp. 27–30). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, July 16). Large Feathered, Winged Dinosaur Was Close Relative Of Velociraptor. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Kennedy Space Center: Decision on Photographic Requirements Appears Justified (No. NSIAD-92-192). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ochse, A. R. (2013). Targeted Killing, Drones and International Law: How U.S. Practice is Shaping International Law (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2000, October 4). Sophie Koulomzin Dies at 96; Orthodox Christian Educator. New York Times, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
AbbreviationJ. Interv. Card. Electrophysiol.
ISSN (print)1383-875X
ISSN (online)1572-8595
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Physiology (medical)

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