How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Devices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Devices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kung, C., 2005, “A Possible Unifying Principle for Mechanosensation,” Nature, 436(7051), pp. 647–654.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sachs, J. P., and Anderson, R. F., 2005, “Increased Productivity in the Subantarctic Ocean during Heinrich Events,” Nature, 434(7037), pp. 1118–1121.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barbot, S., Lapusta, N., and Avouac, J.-P., 2012, “Under the Hood of the Earthquake Machine: Toward Predictive Modeling of the Seismic Cycle,” Science, 336(6082), pp. 707–710.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, S.-W., Lin, J.-W., Wang, W.-T., Wu, C.-W., Liou, T.-H., and Lin, H.-W., 2014, “Hyperthyroidism Is a Risk Factor for Developing Adhesive Capsulitis of the Shoulder: A Nationwide Longitudinal Population-Based Study,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 4183.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Acharya, V. V., Cooley, T. F., Richardson, M., and Walter, I., 2010, Regulating Wall Street, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jiang, T., Hwang, J.-Y., Alvear F., G. R. F., Yücel, O., Mao, X., Sohn, H. Y., Ma, N., Mackey, P. J., and Battle, T. P., eds., 2016, 6th International Symposium on High-Temperature Metallurgical Processing, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Katz, M., and Shaikovsky, I., 2011, “Getting Started with Rich Components,” Practical RichFaces, I. Shaikovsky, ed., Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 85–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Devices.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016, “Why Does This Star Cluster Have So Many Hot Jupiters?,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998, Airport Financing: Funding Sources for Airport Development, RCED-98-71, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, S., 2005, “The Influence of Product Involvement and Fan Identification on Response to Team Sponsors’ Products,” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2005, “JUSTICES TAKE ON SPENDING LIMITS FOR CANDIDATES,” New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Devices
AbbreviationJ. Med. Device.
ISSN (print)1932-6181
ISSN (online)1932-619X
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Medicine (miscellaneous)

Other styles