How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Devices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Devices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yaalon, D. H., 2000, “Down to Earth,” Nature, 407(6802), p. 301.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Brien, S. J., and Murphy, W. J., 2003, “Genomics. A Dog’s Breakfast?,” Science, 301(5641), pp. 1854–1855.
A journal article with 3 authors
Simpson, A. G. B., MacQuarrie, E. K., and Roger, A. J., 2002, “Eukaryotic Evolution: Early Origin of Canonical Introns,” Nature, 419(6904), p. 270.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, T., Böhlenius, H., Eriksson, S., Parcy, F., and Nilsson, O., 2005, “The MRNA of the Arabidopsis Gene FT Moves from Leaf to Shoot Apex and Induces Flowering,” Science, 309(5741), pp. 1694–1696.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Collings, S., 2015, Interpretation and Application of UK GAAP, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Nuzzolo, A., and Wilson, N. H. M., eds., 2009, Schedule-Based Modeling of Transportation Networks: Theory and Applications, Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Barnett, A. G., and Dobson, A. J., 2010, “Controlling for Season,” Analysing Seasonal Health Data, A.J. Dobson, ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 129–150.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Devices.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016, “This Kid Had A Close Encounter With A Lion In Japan,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016, Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle: Action Needed to Improve Visibility into Cost, Schedule, and Capacity to Resolve Technical Challenges, GAO-16-620, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reser, G., 2012, “Assessing the Relationship between Adult Attachment and Differentiation of Self to Coparental Divorce Adjustment,” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Drape, J., Eder, S., and Witz, B., 2014, “Before Coming Out, a Hard Time Coming Up,” New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Devices
AbbreviationJ. Med. Device.
ISSN (print)1932-6181
ISSN (online)1932-619X
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Medicine (miscellaneous)

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