How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Devices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Devices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tranquada, J. M., 2012, “Physics. Cuprates Get Orders to Charge,” Science, 337(6096), pp. 811–812.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chopra, H. D., and Wuttig, M., 2015, “Non-Joulian Magnetostriction,” Nature, 521(7552), pp. 340–343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lowe, S. W., Cepero, E., and Evan, G., 2004, “Intrinsic Tumour Suppression,” Nature, 432(7015), pp. 307–315.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Petersen, J. M., Zielinski, F. U., Pape, T., Seifert, R., Moraru, C., Amann, R., Hourdez, S., Girguis, P. R., Wankel, S. D., Barbe, V., Pelletier, E., Fink, D., Borowski, C., Bach, W., and Dubilier, N., 2011, “Hydrogen Is an Energy Source for Hydrothermal Vent Symbioses,” Nature, 476(7359), pp. 176–180.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prud’homme, R., 2012, Flows and Chemical Reactions, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Choudhury, T., Quigley, A., Strang, T., and Suginuma, K., eds., 2009, Location and Context Awareness: 4th International Symposium, LoCA 2009 Tokyo, Japan, May 7-8, 2009 Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, S., Yoo, J., and Lee, M., 2012, “Step-by-Step Strategies and Case Studies for Embedded Software Companies to Adapt to the FOSS Ecosystem,” Open Source Systems: Long-Term Sustainability: 8th IFIP WG 2.13 International Conference, OSS 2012, Hammamet, Tunisia, September 10-13, 2012. Proceedings, I. Hammouda, B. Lundell, T. Mikkonen, and W. Scacchi, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 48–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Devices.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, “Shift Work Causes Breast Cancer In Mice, According To A New Study – So What Does This Mean For Humans?,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981, Local Coordination Prevents Duplication of Services at Federally Sponsored Indian Education Projects, HRD-81-101, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yao, D., 2009, “In Situ Activity of NAC11-7 Roseobacters in Coastal Waters off the Chesapeake Bay Based on FtsZ Expression,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., 2017, “Watching Neo-Nazis in Virginia, From Germany,” New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Devices
AbbreviationJ. Med. Device.
ISSN (print)1932-6181
ISSN (online)1932-619X
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Medicine (miscellaneous)

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