How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Devices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Devices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petronis, A., 2010, “Epigenetics as a Unifying Principle in the Aetiology of Complex Traits and Diseases,” Nature, 465(7299), pp. 721–727.
A journal article with 2 authors
Du, C., and Xiao, M., 2014, “Cu2O Nanoparticles Synthesis by Microplasma,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 7339.
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson, S. C., Rabinovitch, P. S., and Kaeberlein, M., 2013, “MTOR Is a Key Modulator of Ageing and Age-Related Disease,” Nature, 493(7432), pp. 338–345.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gentile, F., Medda, R., Cheng, L., Battista, E., Scopelliti, P. E., Milani, P., Cavalcanti-Adam, E. A., and Decuzzi, P., 2013, “Selective Modulation of Cell Response on Engineered Fractal Silicon Substrates,” Sci. Rep., 3, p. 1461.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunlop, J., Girma, D., and Irvine, J., 2013, Digital Mobile Communications and the Tetra System, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, England.
An edited book
Prins, H. H. T., and Langevelde, F. V., eds., 2008, Resource Ecology: Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Foraging, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Dusseault, D., 2011, “The Legacy of the Oil Industry in Tomsk Oblast: Contradictions Among Socio-Economic Development, Political Legitimacy and Corporate Profits,” Energy, Policy, and the Environment: Modeling Sustainable Development for the North, M. Järvelä, and S. Juhola, eds., Springer, New York, NY, pp. 65–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Devices.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016, “Canadian Doctors Can Now Prescribe Heroin To Addicts,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974, Administration of the Office of Education’s Student Financial Aid Program, B-164031(1), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dammann, N. M., 2009, “Living in the Edge: Community Based Governance in the Aquatic Terrestrial Zone,” Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2011, “Drafthouse Founder Tries Hand at Film Distribution,” New York Times, p. A37B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Devices
AbbreviationJ. Med. Device.
ISSN (print)1932-6181
ISSN (online)1932-619X
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Medicine (miscellaneous)

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