How to format your references using the Oncotarget citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncotarget. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Schwamb ME. Solar System: Stranded in no-man’s-land. Nature. 2014; 507: 435–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Yanovsky MJ, Kay SA. Molecular basis of seasonal time measurement in Arabidopsis. Nature. 2002; 419: 308–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Debayle E, Kennett B, Priestley K. Global azimuthal seismic anisotropy and the unique plate-motion deformation of Australia. Nature. 2005; 433: 509–12.
A journal article with 14 or more authors
1.
Rizzini L, Favory J-J, Cloix C, Faggionato D, O’Hara A, Kaiserli E, Baumeister R, Schäfer E, Nagy F, Jenkins GI, Ulm R. Perception of UV-B by the Arabidopsis UVR8 protein. Science. 2011; 332: 103–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Beach GJ. The U.S. Technology Skills Gap. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Smyth J. The Socially Just School: Making Space for Youth to Speak Back. Down B, McInerney P, editors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. IX, 195 p. 3 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Crowder JA, Friess S. A New Organization is Needed: Beyond Integrated Product Teams. In: Friess S, editor. Systems Engineering Agile Design Methodologies. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 23–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncotarget.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. How Claw Machines Are Rigged [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available 2018 Oct 30, from https://www.iflscience.com/technology/claw-machines-are-rigged-obviously/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Competition: Issues on Establishing and Using Federally Funded Research and Development Centers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Mar. Report No.: NSIAD-88-22.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mukherjee N. Development of High Sensitivity Bending Mode Polymer Piezoelectric Devices for Inner Ear Implantation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
de la MERCED MJ. Blue Apron Slashes Price For Its I.P.O. New York Times. 2017; : B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOncotarget
AbbreviationOncotarget
ISSN (online)1949-2553
ScopeOncology

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