How to format your references using the European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gould, J. (2015). The cannabis crop. Nature, 525(7570), S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheng, C., & Kao, K. C. (2014). Microbiology. How to survive being hot and inebriated. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6205), 35–36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bishop, J. R., Schuksz, M., & Esko, J. D. (2007). Heparan sulphate proteoglycans fine-tune mammalian physiology. Nature, 446(7139), 1030–1037.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ramachandran, N., Hainsworth, E., Bhullar, B., Eisenstein, S., Rosen, B., Lau, A. Y., Walter, J. C., & LaBaer, J. (2004). Self-assembling protein microarrays. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5680), 86–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hollin, C. R. (2016). The Psychology of Interpersonal Violence. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chauve, C., El-Mabrouk, N., & Tannier, E. (Eds.). (2013). Models and Algorithms for Genome Evolution (Vol. 19). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Comstock, G. (2010). Ethics and Genetically Modified Foods. In F.-T. Gottwald, H. W. Ingensiep, & M. Meinhardt (Eds.), Food Ethics (pp. 49–66). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, August 11). Why Can We See A Woman On Mars? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Information Technology: SSA Has Taken Key Steps for Managing Its Investments, but Needs to Strengthen Oversight and Fully Define Policies and Procedures (GAO-08-1020). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres, N. (2012). Do family nurse practitioner students understand the physiological changes associated with andropause in men over forty? [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Antilla, S. (2014, March 29). Fighting the Old Boys’ Club. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gould, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cheng & Kao, 2014; Gould, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheng & Kao, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Bishop et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ramachandran et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal
ISSN (print)1804-5804
ISSN (online)1804-9702

Other styles