How to format your references using the European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gee, H. (2012). Developmental biology: a brainy background. Nature, 483(7389), 280.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schofield, R. M. S., & Nesson, M. H. (2003). Comment on “High abrasion resistance with sparse mineralization: copper biomineral in worm jaws.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5636), 1049; author reply 1049.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dally, J. M., Emery, N. J., & Clayton, N. S. (2006). Food-caching western scrub-jays keep track of who was watching when. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5780), 1662–1665.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Selli, D., Baburin, I. A., Martoňák, R., & Leoni, S. (2013). Novel metastable metallic and semiconducting germaniums. Scientific Reports, 3, 1466.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rainey, L. D. (2010). Confucius & Confucianism. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Cruz, I., Decker, S., Allemang, D., Preist, C., Schwabe, D., Mika, P., Uschold, M., & Aroyo, L. M. (Eds.). (2006). The Semantic Web - ISWC 2006: 5th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2006, Athens, GA, USA, November 5-9, 2006. Proceedings (Vol. 4273). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cremonesi, P., Modica, P., Pagano, R., Rabosio, E., & Tanca, L. (2015). Personalized and Context-Aware TV Program Recommendations Based on Implicit Feedback. In H. Stuckenschmidt & D. Jannach (Eds.), E-Commerce and Web Technologies: 16th International Conference on Electronic Commerce and Web Technologies, EC-Web 2015, Valencia, Spain, September 2015, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 57–68). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, January 20). This GIF Shows What A Baby Can See Every Month For The First Year Of Its Life. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Managed Care: State Approaches on Selected Patient Protections (T-HEHS-99-85). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos, E. (2013). Emergency department utilization among Medicare enrollees: A project report [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. (2017, July 14). At Goldman, He’s a President. At the Club, He’s D.J. D-Sol. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gee, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gee, 2012; Schofield & Nesson, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schofield & Nesson, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Dally et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Selli et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal
ISSN (print)1804-5804
ISSN (online)1804-9702

Other styles