How to format your references using the European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2000). World Bank is urged to give greater priority to science. Nature, 407(6802), 276.
A journal article with 2 authors
Crombie, A. T., & Murrell, J. C. (2014). Trace-gas metabolic versatility of the facultative methanotroph Methylocella silvestris. Nature, 510(7503), 148–151.
A journal article with 3 authors
Quoidbach, J., Gilbert, D. T., & Wilson, T. D. (2013). The end of history illusion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6115), 96–98.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, H.-M., Lee, D.-Y., Choi, M. S., Qu, D., Liu, X., Ra, C.-H., & Yoo, W. J. (2014). Metal-semiconductor barrier modulation for high photoresponse in transition metal dichalcogenide field effect transistors. Scientific Reports, 4, 4041.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Möller, G. (2012). Geotechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Breunig, M., Al-Doori, M., Butwilowski, E., Kuper, P. V., Benner, J., & Haefele, K. H. (Eds.). (2015). 3D Geoinformation Science: The Selected Papers of the 3D GeoInfo 2014. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Fushimi, T., Satoh, T., Saito, K., Kazama, K., & Kando, N. (2016). Content Centrality Measure for Networks: Introducing Distance-Based Decay Weights. In E. Spiro & Y.-Y. Ahn (Eds.), Social Informatics: 8th International Conference, SocInfo 2016, Bellevue, WA, USA, November 11-14, 2016, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 40–54). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 8). This Blue Lagoon Might Look Beautiful, But You Definitely Shouldn’t Swim In It. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Radio Communications: Congressional Action Needed to Ensure Agencies Collaborate to Develop a Joint Solution (GAO-09-133). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
James, T. C. (2017). African American Students in a California Community College: Perceptions of Cultural Congruity and Academic Self-Concept within a Black Culture Center [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, June 27). JUSTICES, RULING 5-4, ENDORSE PERSONAL RIGHT TO OWN GUN. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Crombie & Murrell, 2014; Macilwain, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Crombie & Murrell, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Quoidbach et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Li et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal
ISSN (print)1804-5804
ISSN (online)1804-9702

Other styles