How to format your references using the Oncoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Murray-Rust P. Chemistry for everyone. Nature. 2008; 451: 648–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hambourger M, Moore TA. Chemistry. Nailing down nickel for electrocatalysis. Science. 2009; 326: 1355–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Fotso H, Mikelsons K, Freericks JK. Thermalization of field driven quantum systems. Sci Rep. 2014; 4: 4699.
A journal article with 14 or more authors
1.
Zhao X, Xiao B, Fletcher AJ, Thomas KM, Bradshaw D, Rosseinsky MJ. Hysteretic adsorption and desorption of hydrogen by nanoporous metal-organic frameworks. Science. 2004; 306: 1012–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
D’Amico G, Di Biase G, Janssen J, Manca R. Semi-Markov Migration Models for Credit Risk. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Liu Z, editor. Essentials of Chinese Medicine: Essentials of Clinical Specialties in Chinese Medicine. London: Springer; 2009. XLI, 669 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Polizzotto K, Landman NH, Klug C. Cameral Membranes, Pseudosutures, and Other Soft Tissue Imprints in Ammonoid Shells. In: Klug C, Korn D, De Baets K, Kruta I, Mapes RH, editors. Ammonoid Paleobiology: From anatomy to ecology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. p. 91–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncoscience.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Can Insects Feed A Hungry Planet? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015. Available 2018 Oct 30, from

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. High Speed Ground Transportation: Funds Need to Be Focused Under Proposed Legislation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 May. Report No.: T-RCED-93-45.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Singh KK. An 8-PSK receiver using LNA & SRO: Design and mathematical analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Long Sentences For Killers Of Liberal Lawmaker. New York Times. 2005; : A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOncoscience
AbbreviationOncoscience
ISSN (online)2331-4737
Scope

Other styles