How to format your references using the Oncoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Matyjaszewski K. Chemistry. Architecturally complex polymers with controlled heterogeneity. Science. 2011; 333: 1104–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giuseppone N, Lutz J-F. Materials chemistry: catalytic accordions. Nature. 2011; 473: 40–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Finkel T, Serrano M, Blasco MA. The common biology of cancer and ageing. Nature. 2007; 448: 767–74.
A journal article with 14 or more authors
Bos KI, Schuenemann VJ, Golding GB, Burbano HA, Waglechner N, Coombes BK, McPhee JB, DeWitte SN, Meyer M, Schmedes S, Wood J, Earn DJD, Herring DA, et al. A draft genome of Yersinia pestis from victims of the Black Death. Nature. 2011; 478: 506–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Venkat S, Baird S. Liquidity Risk Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Ley K, editor. Adhesion Molecules: Function and Inhibition. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2007. XIV, 309 p. 23 illus., 1 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Efendiev Y, Hou TY. Multiscale Computations for Flow and Transport in Heterogeneous Media. In: Arnold A, Degond P, Hou TY, Abdallah NB, Frosali G, editors. Quantum Transport: Modelling, Analysis and Asymptotics — Lectures given at the CIME Summer School held in Cetraro, Italy September 11–16, 2006. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 169–248.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncoscience.

Blog post
Andrew E. Possible Preserved Brain Matter Discovered Within 8,000 Year Old Skull. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014. Available 2018 Oct 30, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: Government Paperwork Elimination Act Presents Challenges for Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Sep. Report No.: AIMD-00-282.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores AT. Children, incarcerated mothers and the child welfare system: A systematic review of the literature [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Review: ‘Audrie & Daisy,’ on Sexual Assault and Technology. New York Times. 2016; : C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOncoscience
ISSN (online)2331-4737

Other styles