How to format your references using the Oncoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stefánsson K. Genome-sequencing anniversary. An anniversary party. Science. 2011; 331: 691.
A journal article with 2 authors
Plous S, Herzog HA. Poll shows researchers favor lab animal protection. Science. 2000; 290: 711b.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maret S, Bergin EA, Lada CJ. A low fraction of nitrogen in molecular form in a dark cloud. Nature. 2006; 442: 425–7.
A journal article with 14 or more authors
Baker PA, Rigsby CA, Seltzer GO, Fritz SC, Lowenstein TK, Bacher NP, Veliz C. Tropical climate changes at millennial and orbital timescales on the Bolivian Altiplano. Nature. 2001; 409: 698–701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cicek V. Cathodic Protection. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Healy L. Atlas of Human Pluripotent Stem Cells in Culture. Ruban L, editor. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2015. XV, 206 p. 285 illus., 279 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Bouhdadi M, Balouki Y, Chabbar EM. Meta-modelling Syntax and Semantics of Structural Concepts for Open Networked Enterprises. In: Gervasi O, Gavrilova ML, editors. Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2007: International Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, August 26-29, 2007 Proceedings Part III. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncoscience.

Blog post
Davis J. Climate Scientists Expect Us To Miss The Paris Climate Agreement Targets [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available 2018 Oct 30, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Operations of and Outlook for the Transportation Trust Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 May. Report No.: T-RCED-90-78.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lynch LE. Financial regulation and economic performance: A descriptive correlation study of American financial institutions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. My Year in Reading. New York Times. 2016; : BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOncoscience
ISSN (online)2331-4737

Other styles