How to format your references using the Oncoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Evans S. PALEONTOLOGY. Four legs too many? Science. 2015; 349: 374–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stewart I, Cohen J. Monolith. Nature. 2000; 408: 913.
A journal article with 3 authors
Noborisaka J, Nishiguchi K, Fujiwara A. Electric tuning of direct-indirect optical transitions in silicon. Sci Rep. 2014; 4: 6950.
A journal article with 14 or more authors
Liu F, Marquardt S, Lister C, Swiezewski S, Dean C. Targeted 3’ processing of antisense transcripts triggers Arabidopsis FLC chromatin silencing. Science. 2010; 327: 94–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvia T, Anzur T. Power Performance. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Yen H-C, Ibarra OH, editors. Developments in Language Theory: 16th International Conference, DLT 2012, Taipei, Taiwan, August 14-17, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XIII, 478 p. 65 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Aspray W, Royer G, Ocepek MG. Trust Online: From E-Commerce to Recipe Sharing. In: Royer G, Ocepek MG, editors. Food in the Internet Age. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013. p. 61–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncoscience.

Blog post
Andrew E. How To Build The World’s Fastest Car. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015. Available 2018 Oct 30, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Severe Storms Research Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979 Oct. Report No.: 110577.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quackenbush CM. The Imaginal Stone: Stories of self and world [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B. As Syrian War Drags On, Assad’s Grip Tightens. New York Times. 2017; : A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOncoscience
ISSN (online)2331-4737

Other styles