How to format your references using the Journal of Fluorescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fluorescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Freeman M (2000) Feedback control of intercellular signalling in development. Nature 408:313–319
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowland DC, Moser M-B (2015) Neuroscience: A three-dimensional neural compass. Nature 517:156–157
A journal article with 3 authors
Prokopenko AA, Karabanov EB, Williams DF (2002) Age of long sediment cores from Lake Baikal. Nature 415:976
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Jensen LJ, Jensen TS, de Lichtenberg U, et al (2006) Co-evolution of transcriptional and post-translational cell-cycle regulation. Nature 443:594–597

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kushner R, Lawrence V, Kumar S (2013) Practical Manual of Clinical Obesity. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford
An edited book
Lessenger JE (2006) Agricultural Medicine: A Practical Guide. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Zeng R, Zhang X, Xiong T, et al (2016) QRS Complex. In: Zeng R (ed) Graphics-sequenced interpretation of ECG. Springer, Singapore, pp 69–119

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fluorescence.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) If You Use One Of These Popular Internet Services, You Need To Change Your Password Right Now. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) U.S. Infrastructure: Agencies’ Approaches to Developing Investment Estimates Vary. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reyes J (2009) Connections: A grant proposal for mothers struggling with substance abuse in the child welfare system. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2006) Tapping Dancers Who Love Fiddlers. New York Times LI9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fluorescence
AbbreviationJ. Fluoresc.
ISSN (print)1053-0509
ISSN (online)1573-4994
Clinical Biochemistry
Clinical Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles