How to format your references using the American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Krupp N. New surprises in the largest magnetosphere of our solar system. Science. 2007;318:216–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Zhu L, Li B. Low thermal conductivity in ultrathin carbon nanotube (2, 1). Sci Rep. 2014;4:4917.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pesaran B, Nelson MJ, Andersen RA. Free choice activates a decision circuit between frontal and parietal cortex. Nature. 2008;453:406–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Qi J, Asano T, Jinno M, Matsui K, Atsumi K, Sakagami Y, et al. Characterization of a Phytophthora mating hormone. Science. 2005;309:1828.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Baher H. Signal Processing and Integrated Circuits. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Shalaby M, Moghadam VM, editors. Empowering Women after the Arab Spring. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Thiagalingam S, Faller DV. The Cancer Epigenome. In: Kaufman HL, Wadler S, Antman K, editors. Molecular Targeting in Oncology. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2008. p. 97–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Bright Flash, Possibly a Meteor, Blazed Over New Zealand [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. States’ Average College Tuition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Sep. Report No.: HEHS-96-213R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Nguyen JR. Staging Vietnamese America: Music and the performance of Vietnamese American identities [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M. Wing-Suited Stuntman Executes a Super-Hero Plunge. New York Times. 2012 May 24;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs
AbbreviationAm. J. Cardiovasc. Drugs
ISSN (print)1175-3277
ISSN (online)1179-187X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles