How to format your references using the American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs (Am J Cardiovasc Drugs). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Banwart S. Save our soils. Nature. 2011;474:151–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Stevenson IR, Bryant DM. Climate change and constraints on breeding. Nature. 2000;406:366–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Friedberg EC, Wagner R, Radman M. Specialized DNA polymerases, cellular survival, and the genesis of mutations. Science. 2002;296:1627–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tijsterman M, Ketting RF, Okihara KL, Sijen T, Plasterk RHA. RNA helicase MUT-14-dependent gene silencing triggered in C. elegans by short antisense RNAs. Science. 2002;295:694–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Safonov VO. Using Aspect-Oriented Programming for Trustworthy Software Development. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1. Gupta S, Paul WE, Steinman R, editors. Mechanisms of Lymphocyte Activation and Immune Regulation X: Innate Immunity. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Renso C, Puntoni S, Frentzos E, Mazzoni A, Moelans B, Pelekis N, et al. Wireless Network Data Sources: Tracking and Synthesizing Trajectories. In: Giannotti F, Pedreschi D, editors. Mobility, Data Mining and Privacy: Geographic Knowledge Discovery. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 73–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. 1.85-Billion-Year-Old Meteorite Impact Triggered Massive Volcanic Eruptions [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Highlights of a GAO Forum: Global Competitiveness: Implications for the Nation’s Higher Education System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Jan. Report No.: GAO-07-135SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Strand K. Applying Public Relations Theory to Assess Service-Learning Relationships [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Palmer E. Serving as a Role Model During a Father’s Absence. New York Times. 2016 Dec 20;A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs
AbbreviationAm. J. Cardiovasc. Drugs
ISSN (print)1175-3277
ISSN (online)1179-187X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles