How to format your references using the Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Marchant J. Consider all the evidence on alternative therapies. Nature. 2015 Oct;526(7573):295.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Roy S, Asenov A. Applied physics. Where do the dopants go? Science. 2005 Jul;309(5733):388–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Vilan A, Shanzer A, Cahen D. Molecular control over Au/GaAs diodes. Nature. 2000 Mar;404(6774):166–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Essers MAG, Offner S, Blanco-Bose WE, Waibler Z, Kalinke U, Duchosal MA, et al. IFNalpha activates dormant haematopoietic stem cells in vivo. Nature. 2009 Apr;458(7240):904–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Ray Chaudhuri N, Chaudhuri B, Majumder R, Yazdani A. Multi-Terminal Direct-Current Grids. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
1
Cowart LA, editor. Sphingolipids and Metabolic Disease. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Krini M, Schmidt G. Model-Based Speech Enhancement. In: Hänsler E, Schmidt G, editors. Speech and Audio Processing in Adverse Environments. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008; pp 89–134.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncology.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. If A Solar Plant Uses Natural Gas, Is It Still Green? [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Nov [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/if-solar-plant-uses-natural-gas-it-still-green/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Battlefield Automation: Status of the Army Command and Control System Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Lancaster G. Understanding interdisciplinary communication and collaboration among physicians, nurses, and unlicensed assistive personnel. 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kelly M. Clinton Campaign Avoided Workers’ Taxes. New York Times. 1993 Apr;127.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOncology
AbbreviationOncology
ISSN (print)0030-2414
ISSN (online)1423-0232
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine
Oncology

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