How to format your references using the International Journal of Pharmaceutics: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pharmaceutics: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D., 2009. The climate to get things done. Nature 458, 21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, K.-H., Park, Q.-H., 2013. Perfect anti-reflection from first principles. Sci. Rep. 3, 1062.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schieber, J., Southard, J., Thaisen, K., 2007. Accretion of mudstone beds from migrating floccule ripples. Science 318, 1760–1763.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tahiliani, M., Mei, P., Fang, R., Leonor, T., Rutenberg, M., Shimizu, F., Li, J., Rao, A., Shi, Y., 2007. The histone H3K4 demethylase SMCX links REST target genes to X-linked mental retardation. Nature 447, 601–605.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stone, R., Gutiérrez-Albilla, J.D., 2013. A Companion to Luis Buñuel. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Wu, J., Li, L. (Eds.), 2016. Advanced Computer Architecture: 11th Conference, ACA 2016, Weihai, China, August 22-23, 2016, Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Orman, J.A.L., Selassie, A.W., Perdue, C.L., Thurman, D.J., Kraus, J.F., 2012. Surveillance of Traumatic Brain Injury, in: Li, G., Baker, S.P. (Eds.), Injury Research: Theories, Methods, and Approaches. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 61–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pharmaceutics: X.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Why Getting Babies Into Strict Routines Isn’t All It’s Cracked Up To Be [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Airport Improvement Program: Planned Funding Under Letters of Intent (No. RCED-99-33R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meaux, B., 2015. Effect of Formation Deformation on Casing Standoff in Highly Deviated and Horizontal Wells (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J.R., 2017. Review: The Vienna Philharmonic Adds New Work, and Women. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston, 2009; Kim and Park, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim and Park, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Tahiliani et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics: X
ISSN (print)2590-1567

Other styles