How to format your references using the OncoImmunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for OncoImmunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Caldwell M. Careers in behavioral science. Neuromarketing careers. Science. 2007;316(5827):1060–1061.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Salter MG, Fern R. NMDA receptors are expressed in developing oligodendrocyte processes and mediate injury. Nature. 2005;438(7071):1167–1171.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gonçalves B, Balcan D, Vespignani A. Human mobility and the worldwide impact of intentional localized highly pathogenic virus release. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:810.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Krieger UK, Huthwelker T, Daniel C, Weers U, Peter T, Lanford WA. Rutherford backscattering to study the near-surface region of volatile liquids and solids. Science. 2002;295(5557):1048–1050.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Blair TH. Energy Production Systems Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Miri SJ, Lake R, Kress TM, editors. Reclaiming the Sane Society: Essays on Erich Fromm’s Thought. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014. (Imagination and Praxis, Criticality and Creativity in Education and Educational Research).
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dobrescu R, Ichim L. Automatic Data Acquisition and Signal Processing in the Field of Virology. In: Perner P, Salvetti O, editors. Advances in Mass Data Analysis of Images and Signals in Medicine, Biotechnology, Chemistry and Food Industry: Third International Conference, MDA 2008 Leipzig, Germany, July 14, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. pp. 52–61. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for OncoImmunology.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Liquid Water May Once Have Flowed On Vesta. IFLScience. 2015 Jan 29. [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Budgetary and Fiscal Information Needs of the Congress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972. Report No.: B-115398.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Chen C-Y. The analysis of communication problems and language barriers between patients and physicians in California [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Barron J. A Dispute Over a Composer’s Burial Place, and His Legacy. New York Times. 2015 Sep 7:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOncoImmunology
ISSN (print)2162-4011
ISSN (online)2162-402X
Immunology and Allergy

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