How to format your references using the OncoImmunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for OncoImmunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Pizzorusso T. Neuroscience. Erasing fear memories. Science. 2009;325(5945):1214–1215.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Godula K, Sames D. C-H bond functionalization in complex organic synthesis. Science. 2006;312(5770):67–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Haas J, Creamer W, Ruiz A. Dating the Late Archaic occupation of the Norte Chico region in Peru. Nature. 2004;432(7020):1020–1023.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Seki A, Coppinger JA, Jang C-Y, Yates JR, Fang G. Bora and the kinase Aurora a cooperatively activate the kinase Plk1 and control mitotic entry. Science. 2008;320(5883):1655–1658.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Agung IGN. Cross Section and Experimental Data Analysis Using Eviews. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1. Quirk TJ. Excel 2010 for Physical Sciences Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems. Quirk M, Horton H, editors. Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kroupa P, Weidner C, Pflamm-Altenburg J, Thies I, Dabringhausen J, Marks M, Maschberger T. The Stellar and Sub-Stellar Initial Mass Function of Simple and Composite Populations. In: Oswalt TD, Gilmore G, editors. Planets, Stars and Stellar Systems: Volume 5: Galactic Structure and Stellar Populations. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. pp. 115–242.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for OncoImmunology.

Blog post
1. Taub B. MDMA Should Be Studied Not Demonized, Say Researchers. IFLScience. 2016 Jul 15. [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Oil and Gas Transportation: Department of Transportation Is Taking Actions to Address Rail Safety, but Additional Actions Are Needed to Improve Pipeline Safety. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014. Report No.: GAO-14-667.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Copeland AD. A qualitative study of clinical oncology nurses’ perceptions of work-life balance [Doctoral dissertation]. Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Justices Hear Arguments Over Whether Foreigners Have Reciprocal Rights in the U.S. New York Times. 2006 Mar 30:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOncoImmunology
ISSN (print)2162-4011
ISSN (online)2162-402X
Immunology and Allergy

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