How to format your references using the OncoImmunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for OncoImmunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Haase AT. Targeting early infection to prevent HIV-1 mucosal transmission. Nature. 2010;464(7286):217–223.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Della Valle M, Gilmozzi R. Rebirth of novae as distance indicators due to efficient, large telescopes. Science. 2002;296(5571):1275.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Barnett TP, Pierce DW, Schnur R. Detection of anthropogenic climate change in the world’s oceans. Science. 2001;292(5515):270–274.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Wang JT, Shi XL, Liu WW, Zhong XH, Wang JN, Pyrah L, Sanderson KD, Ramsey PM, Hirata M, Tsuri K. Influence of preferred orientation on the electrical conductivity of fluorine-doped tin oxide films. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:3679.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Grous A. Fracture Mechanics 2. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Ambos K, Large J, Wierda M, editors. Building a Future on Peace and Justice: Studies on Transitional Justice, Peace and Development The Nuremberg Declaration on Peace and Justice. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Malpica A, Deavers MT, Silva EG. Selected Topics in Gynecologic Pathology. In: Eifel PJ, Gershenson DM, Kavanagh JJ, Silva EG, editors. Gynecologic Cancer. New York, NY: Springer; 2006. pp. 30–48. (M. D. Anderson Cancer Care Series).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for OncoImmunology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. How To Find Micrometeorites In Your Home. IFLScience. 2014 Nov 29. [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: USDA Faces Tremendous Challenges in Ensuring That Vital Public Services Are Not Disrupted. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998. Report No.: T-AIMD-98-167.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mande M. Sisyphus’s Fault: How the Shifting Terrain of a Changing Institution Makes Curriculum Reform an “Impossible Task” [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. (nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: President Signs Land Reform Law. New York Times. 2001 Nov 14:A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOncoImmunology
ISSN (print)2162-4011
ISSN (online)2162-402X
Immunology and Allergy

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