How to format your references using the OncoImmunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for OncoImmunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gammon K. Orthopaedics: Joint effort. Nature. 2014;515(7528):S170-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wardle DA, Zackrisson O. Effects of species and functional group loss on island ecosystem properties. Nature. 2005;435(7043):806–810.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Costello MJ, May RM, Stork NE. Can we name Earth’s species before they go extinct? Science. 2013;339(6118):413–416.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Thomas GA, Shraiman BI, Glodis PF, Stephens MJ. Towards the clarity limit in optical fibre. Nature. 2000;404(6775):262–264.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Noldus R. CAMEL. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Ackermann PW, Hart DA, editors. Metabolic Influences on Risk for Tendon Disorders. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology).
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zhong Z, Zhang Y, Yang G, Kong Y. GPU-Based Parallel Processing Technology in DPI. In: Cai R, Chen K, Hong L, Yang X, Zhang R, Zou L, editors. Web Technologies and Applications: APWeb 2015 Workshops, BSD, WDMA, and BDAT, Guangzhou, China, September 18, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. pp. 44–53. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for OncoImmunology.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Melting Ice And Satellites: How To Measure The Earth’s ‘Wiggle.’ IFLScience. 2017 May 31. [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Summary of Selected GAO Reports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996. Report No.: GGD-96-193R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Porter SM. Orthographic influence on the perception and production of Spanish loans in English [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hubbard B, Schmitt E, Gordon MR. Cease-Fire in Syria Holds, Giving Hope to Peace Talks. New York Times. 2016 Dec 30:A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOncoImmunology
ISSN (print)2162-4011
ISSN (online)2162-402X
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles