How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Stockwell BR. Exploring biology with small organic molecules. Nature. 2004;432:846–54.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Guiver MD, Lee YM. Materials science. Polymer rigidity improves microporous membranes. Science. 2013;339:284–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Oka Y, Ye M, Zuker CS. Thirst driving and suppressing signals encoded by distinct neural populations in the brain. Nature. 2015;520:349–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Andoralov V, Falk M, Suyatin DB, Granmo M, Sotres J, Ludwig R, et al. Biofuel cell based on microscale nanostructured electrodes with inductive coupling to rat brain neurons. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3270.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Morris AE, Geiger G, Fine HA. Handbook on Material and Energy Balance Calculations in Material Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Gattorno M, editor. Familial Mediterranean Fever. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Eckardt R. even in Horn Space. In: Bosch P, Gabelaia D, Lang J, editors. Logic, Language, and Computation: 7th International Tbilisi Symposium on Logic, Language, and Computation, TbiLLC 2007, Tbilisi, Georgia, October 1-5, 2007 Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 47–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Science and Technology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Octopuses And Squid Around The World Are Enjoying A Boom [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/octopuses-and-squid-are-enjoying-boom-around-world/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Use of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s ATS-6 Communications Satellite To Broadcast Educational Television Programs in India. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Jul. Report No.: ID-76-75.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Castillo-Garrison EM. Asilomar Leadership Skills Seminar: The career preparation, advancement, and enhancement of women in California community college leadership [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. With a Final Shot, the Mets Are Denied as the Braves Snatch a Sweep. New York Times. 2016 Sep 22;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (online)2055-0391
Scope

Other styles