How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Vijayan M. Obituary. G.N. Ramachandran (1922-2001). Nature. 2001;411:544.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Cook-Deegan RM, McCormack SJ. Intellectual property. Patents, secrecy, and DNA. Science. 2001;293:217.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Chuck AL, Turner SM, Liss PS. Direct evidence for a marine source of C1 and C2 alkyl nitrates. Science. 2002;297:1151–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Taga ME, Larsen NA, Howard-Jones AR, Walsh CT, Walker GC. BluB cannibalizes flavin to form the lower ligand of vitamin B12. Nature. 2007;446:449–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Teodorescu P, Stănescu N-D, Pandrea N. Numerical Analysis with Applications in Mechanics and Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Nützmann G, Viotti P, Aagaard P, editors. Reactive Transport in Soil and Groundwater: Processes and Models. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Jónsson Á, Sigurgeirsson H. Day Zero. In: Sigurgeirsson H, editor. The Icelandic Financial Crisis: A Study into the World´s Smallest Currency Area and its Recovery from Total Banking Collapse. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 103–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Science and Technology.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Infographic Shows The Differences Between The Diseases We Donate To, And The Diseases That Kill Us. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. New York Stock Exchange: Capability of Automated Systems To Identify Program Trading. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Apr. Report No.: IMTEC-88-36.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kay K. A support group for older adult males struggling with depression: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly S. There’s Nothing Like a Dame. New York Times. 1992 Nov 22;729.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (online)2055-0391
Scope

Other styles