How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gittis A. Eppendorf finalist. Striatal interneurons: causes of or cures for movement disorders? Science. 2012;338:59.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Song WJ, Tezcan FA. A designed supramolecular protein assembly with in vivo enzymatic activity. Science. 2014;346:1525–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Koskinen TT, Aylward AD, Miller S. A stability limit for the atmospheres of giant extrasolar planets. Nature. 2007;450:845–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Iwase T, Tajima A, Sugimoto S, Okuda K-I, Hironaka I, Kamata Y, et al. A simple assay for measuring catalase activity: a visual approach. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3081.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Tibergien M, Pomering R. Practice Made (More) Perfect. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Dolez B, Grofman B, Laurent A, editors. In Situ and Laboratory Experiments on Electoral Law Reform: French Presidential Elections. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zwettler G, Track P, Waschaurek F, Woschitz R, Hagmann E, Hinterholzer S. Towards a Normalized Reference System in Building Construction Planning for Automated Quantitative Assessment and Optimization of Energy and Cost Efficiency. In: Liñán Reyes M, Flores Arias JM, González de la Rosa JJ, Langer J, Bellido Outeiriño FJ, Moreno-Munñoz A, editors. IT Revolutions: Third International ICST Conference, Córdoba, Spain, March 23-25, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 39–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Science and Technology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Stunning, Crystal-Clear Images Of Pluto – But What Do They Mean? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space-Based Lasers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Mar. Report No.: 117803.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Collinsworth BM. Hospital to housing: A grant proposal for specialized discharge planning services for people who are homeless [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kanter J. Under Trump, U.S. Is Now a Threat to Europe’s Stability, Leader Warns. New York Times. 2017 Jan 31;A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (online)2055-0391

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