How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Paszkowski J. Epigenetics: The karma of oil palms. Nature. 2015;525:466–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Vicoso B, Bachtrog D. Reversal of an ancient sex chromosome to an autosome in Drosophila. Nature. 2013;499:332–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mlynarski SN, Schuster CH, Morken JP. Asymmetric synthesis from terminal alkenes by cascades of diboration and cross-coupling. Nature. 2014;505:386–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bhargava V, Head SR, Ordoukhanian P, Mercola M, Subramaniam S. Technical variations in low-input RNA-seq methodologies. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3678.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cooper N, Forrest K, Cramp P. Essential Guide to Acute Care. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. de Almeida AMP, Leal NC, editors. Advances in Yersinia Research. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Singh SR, Rathore H. Two-Warehouse Reverse Logistic Inventory Model for Deteriorating Item under Learning Effect. In: Das KN, Deep K, Pant M, Bansal JC, Nagar A, editors. Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving: SocProS 2014, Volume 1. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 45–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Science and Technology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Offshore Wind Farms Are Havens For Seals. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. School Meal Programs: Changes to Federal Agencies’ Procedures Could Reduce Risk of School Children Consuming Recalled Food. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Aug. Report No.: GAO-09-649.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Peng E. Teaching and Coaching Brazilian Jiujitsu: An Instructional Manual [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg B. Out of Iraq, Still Scanning for Roadside Bombs in Kansas. New York Times. 2017 Oct 26;C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (online)2055-0391
Scope

Other styles