How to format your references using the Omega citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Omega. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bromm V. Astronomy. The cosmic Rosetta stone. Science 2008;321:647–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Dickinson JL, Koenig WD. Ecology and evolution. Desperately seeking similarity. Science 2003;300:1887–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Buszczak M, Paterno S, Spradling AC. Drosophila stem cells share a common requirement for the histone H2B ubiquitin protease scrawny. Science 2009;323:248–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Collier LS, Carlson CM, Ravimohan S, Dupuy AJ, Largaespada DA. Cancer gene discovery in solid tumours using transposon-based somatic mutagenesis in the mouse. Nature 2005;436:272–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Vignes A. Extractive Metallurgy 2. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Adler SS. PNF in Practice: An Illustrated Guide. Fourth fully revised edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kuo PS, Fejer MM. Microstructured Semiconductors for Mid-Infrared Nonlinear Optics. In: Ebrahim-Zadeh M, Sorokina IT, editors. Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008, p. 149–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Omega.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. New Species Of Terror Bird Discovered in Argentina. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/skeleton-new-terror-bird-species-discovered-argentina/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Public Transportation: Requirements for Smaller Capital Projects Generally Seen as Less Burdensome. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ryan BA. Computer-Based Versus Paper-Pencil Modes of Administration United States Government End of Course Exams: Student Cumulative Grade Point Averages as Predictors of Success. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Crow K. The Great Pretenders. New York Times 2001:141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOmega
ISSN (print)0305-0483
ScopeStrategy and Management
Information Systems and Management
Management Science and Operations Research

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