How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1] Goldston, D. Innovation strategy. Nature 2009, 461(7264), 585.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1] Adamala, K.; Szostak, J.W. Nonenzymatic template-directed RNA synthesis inside model protocells. Science 2013, 342(6162), 1098–1100.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1] Bigelow, M.S.; Lepeshkin, N.N.; Boyd, R.W. Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid. Science 2003, 301(5630), 200–202.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1] Shindell, D.T.; Schmidt, G.A.; Mann, M.E.; Rind, D.; Waple, A. Solar forcing of regional climate change during the Maunder Minimum. Science 2001, 294(5549), 2149–2152.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1] McEvily, A.J. Metal Failures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
[1] Sanders, B.; Thomas, Y.F.; Griffin Deeds, B. (Eds). Crime, HIV and Health: Intersections of Criminal Justice and Public Health Concerns. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; XXXVI, 300 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
[1] Altizer, T.J.J. To D. G. Leahy (January 17, 1997). In This Silence Must Now Speak: Letters of Thomas J. J. Altizer, 1995–2015; Grimshaw, M., Ed.Palgrave Macmillan US: New York, NY, 2016; 15–17.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B.

Blog post
[1] Andrew, E. Don’t Freak if you Can’t Solve a Math Problem That’s Gone Viral. (accessed Oct. 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1] Government Accountability Office. Month In Review, April 1999: Reports, Testimony, Correspondence, and Other Publications. 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1] Mueck, K. Physiology of the Invasive Apple Snail, Pomacea Maculata (Perry, 1810), in Louisiana. Doctoral dissertation, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1] Romero, S. China’s Halting Forays Into Latin America. New York Times. , A6. 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Sci. Health B
ISSN (print)0360-1234
ISSN (online)1532-4109
ScopeFood Science
General Medicine

Other styles