How to format your references using the Disability and Rehabilitation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Disability and Rehabilitation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Check E. Mouse genome: The real deal. Nature. 2002 December 5;420:457.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Haass C, Kahle PJ. Neuroscience. Parkin and its substrates. Science. 2001 July 13;293:224–225.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sherwood SC, Lanzante JR, Meyer CL. Radiosonde daytime biases and late-20th century warming. Science. 2005 September 2;309:1556–1559.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Xu Y, Feng L, Jeffrey PD, Shi Y, Morel FMM. Structure and metal exchange in the cadmium carbonic anhydrase of marine diatoms. Nature. 2008 March 6;452:56–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sato T, Kammen DM, Duan B, Macuha M, Zhou Z, Wu J, Tariq M, Asfaw SA. Smart Grid Standards. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Kroop S, Mikroyannidis A, Wolpers M eds. Responsive Open Learning Environments: Outcomes of Research from the ROLE Project. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Schugurensky D, Myers JP. Informal Civic Learning Through Engagement in Local Democracy: The Case of the Seniors’ Task Force of Healthy City Toronto. In: Church K, Bascia N, Shragge E, editors. Learning through Community: Exploring Participatory Practices. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. pp 73–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Disability and Rehabilitation.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Take An Interactive Tour Through The Largest Cave In The World. IFLScience [Internet]. 2015 May 27 [cited 2018 October 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/take-trip-infinity-interactive-tour-inside-vietnams-son-doong-cave/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Spectrum Management: Federal Government’s Use of Spectrum and Preliminary Information on Spectrum Sharing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pierce ZD. The relationship between nursing instructors’ transformational leadership behaviors in the clinical learning environment and associate degree nursing students’ communication apprehension. 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
David Goodman J. Tears and Anger in Queens After Mother Loses Another Son to Violence. New York Times. 2015 September 3:A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDisability and Rehabilitation
AbbreviationDisabil. Rehabil.
ISSN (print)0963-8288
ISSN (online)1464-5165
ScopeRehabilitation

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