How to format your references using the Oceanologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oceanologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benner, S.A., 2004. Chemistry. Redesigning genetics. Science 306, 625–626.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hyman, T., Simons, K., 2007. A pipeline for Europe. Nature 449, 256.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stern, P., Hines, P.J., Travis, J., 2014. The aging brain. Introduction. Science 346, 566–567.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Park, Y.D., Hanbicki, A.T., Erwin, S.C., Hellberg, C.S., Sullivan, J.M., Mattson, J.E., Ambrose, T.F., Wilson, A., Spanos, G., Jonker, B.T., 2002. A group-IV ferromagnetic semiconductor: MnxGe1-x. Science 295, 651–654.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Praetorius, S., Schößer, B., 2016. Bentonithandbuch. Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany.
An edited book
Zhang, Q., 2016. Automotive Air Conditioning: Optimization, Control and Diagnosis. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Deeg, K.-H., 2015. Doppler Sonography of the Abdominal Vessels, in: Rupprecht, T., Hofbeck, M. (Eds.), Doppler Sonography in Infancy and Childhood. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 273–309.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oceanologia.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Hubble Captures Image Of Galactic Merger [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Federal Communications Commission: Facilitate the Development and Use of the Universal Licensing System in the Wireless Telecommunications Services (No. OGC-99-25). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, M.W., 2010. The Mediterranean Ethiopian: Intellectual discourse and the fixity of myth in classical antiquity (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Werdigier, J., 2008. BP Says Talks With Venture Investors Continue. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benner, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Benner, 2004; Hyman and Simons, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hyman and Simons, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleOceanologia
ISSN (print)0078-3234
ScopeAquatic Science
Atmospheric Science
Ocean Engineering

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