How to format your references using the Oceanologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oceanologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
FitzGerald, G.A., 2012. Medicine. Can intellectual property save drug development? Science 338, 483–484.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuo, S.C., McGrath, J.L., 2000. Steps and fluctuations of Listeria monocytogenes during actin-based motility. Nature 407, 1026–1029.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Tonder, G.J., Lyons, M.J., Ejima, Y., 2002. Visual structure of a Japanese Zen garden. Nature 419, 359–360.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stagno, V., Bindi, L., Shibazaki, Y., Tange, Y., Higo, Y., Mao, H.-K., Steinhardt, P.J., Fei, Y., 2014. Icosahedral AlCuFe quasicrystal at high pressure and temperature and its implications for the stability of icosahedrite. Sci. Rep. 4, 5869.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boero, R., 2015. Behavioral Computational Social Science. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Pandey, A., 2014. The UNC-53-mediated Interactome: Analysis of its Role in the Generation of the C. elegans Connectome, SpringerBriefs in Neuroscience. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Grady, M., Magistrale, T., 2016. Fandom and the Shawshank Trail (research contributions by Richard Roberson, Jr.), in: Magistrale, T. (Ed.), The Shawshank Experience: Tracking the History of the World’s Favorite Movie. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp. 169–215.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oceanologia.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Want More Innovation? Try Connecting The Dots Between Engineering And Humanities [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. School Meal Programs: Improved Reviews, Federal Guidance, and Data Collection Needed to Address Counting and Claiming Errors (No. GAO-09-814). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oteng, Y., 2001. Enquête sur la Pluralité Culturelle: Identité et Marginalisation dans le Roman Francophone Colonial et Postcolonial (Chraïbi, Kane, Kourouma, Boudjedra, Ben Jelloun) (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007. Justices Reject Suit on Federal Money for Faith-Based Office. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (FitzGerald, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (FitzGerald, 2012; Kuo and McGrath, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kuo and McGrath, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Stagno et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleOceanologia
ISSN (print)0078-3234
ScopeAquatic Science
Atmospheric Science
Ocean Engineering

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