How to format your references using the Oceanologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oceanologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Finkel, A., 2014. Perspective: powering up citations. Nature 511, S77.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhong, W., Sternberg, P.W., 2006. Genome-wide prediction of C. elegans genetic interactions. Science 311, 1481–1484.
A journal article with 3 authors
Janjić, V., Sharan, R., Pržulj, N., 2014. Modelling the yeast interactome. Sci. Rep. 4, 4273.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hjouj, M., Lavee, J., Last, D., Guez, D., Daniels, D., Sharabi, S., Rubinsky, B., Mardor, Y., 2013. The effect of blood flow on magnetic resonance imaging of non thermal irreversible electroporation. Sci. Rep. 3, 3088.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bard, J., Kovarik, V.J., Jr., 2007. Software Defined Radio. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Goossens, S., 2016. Memory Controllers for Mixed-Time-Criticality Systems: Architectures, Methodologies and Trade-offs, Embedded Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Copeland, M., Soh, J., Puca, A., Manning, M., Gollob, D., 2015. Getting Started with Azure Web Apps, in: Soh, J., Puca, A., Manning, M., Gollob, D. (Eds.), Microsoft Azure: Planning, Deploying, and Managing Your Data Center in the Cloud. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 113–146.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oceanologia.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. New Research Shows How The Iron Curtain Blocked The Spread Of HIV To The East [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Airline Competition: Industry Competitive and Financial Problems (No. T-RCED-91-89). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dimapilis, B., 2015. Service line extension: Acquisition of fluoroscopy equipment to supplement pain management procedures (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2007. Roosevelt District Faces An Uncertain Future. New York Times LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Finkel, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Finkel, 2014; Zhong and Sternberg, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhong and Sternberg, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Hjouj et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleOceanologia
ISSN (print)0078-3234
ScopeAquatic Science
Atmospheric Science
Ocean Engineering

Other styles