How to format your references using the International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Campbell, C. T. (2004). Physics. The active site in nanoparticle gold catalysis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5694), 234–235.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bossuyt, F., & Milinkovitch, M. C. (2001). Amphibians as indicators of early tertiary “out-of-India” dispersal of vertebrates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5514), 93–95.
A journal article with 3 authors
Penmatsa, A., Wang, K. H., & Gouaux, E. (2013). X-ray structure of dopamine transporter elucidates antidepressant mechanism. Nature, 503(7474), 85–90.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Holbourn, A., Kuhnt, W., Schulz, M., & Erlenkeuser, H. (2005). Impacts of orbital forcing and atmospheric carbon dioxide on Miocene ice-sheet expansion. Nature, 438(7067), 483–487.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van der Heide, P. (2014). Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chan, A. H. S., & Ao, S.-I. (Eds.). (2008). Advances in Industrial Engineering and Operations Research (Vol. 5). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Ahmmed, M. (2015). Inclusive Education in Bangladesh. In T. Corcoran, J. White, & B. Whitburn (Eds.), Disability Studies: Educating for Inclusion (pp. 57–73). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, May 18). State Of The World’s Plants Report Highlights 28,000 Species With Medicinal Properties. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Inland Waterways Fuel Tax: Additional Data Could Enhance IRS’s Efforts to Ensure Taxpayer Compliance (No. GAO-16-682). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wetherington, J. M. (2010). The relationship between learning organization dimensions and performance in the nonprofit sector (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2003, March 16). Reclaiming a Shabby Block of Maritime History. New York Times, p. 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Campbell 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bossuyt and Milinkovitch 2001; Campbell 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bossuyt and Milinkovitch 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Holbourn et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials
AbbreviationInt. J. Concr. Struct. Mater.
ISSN (print)1976-0485
ISSN (online)2234-1315
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Ocean Engineering

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