How to format your references using the International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shevach, E. M. (2008). Immunology. Regulating suppression. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5899), 202–203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meyer, G., & Brose, N. (2003). Neuroscience. SPARring with spines. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5649), 1341–1344.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bannani, A., Bobisch, C., & Möller, R. (2007). Ballistic electron microscopy of individual molecules. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5820), 1824–1828.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tobias, J. A., Bates, J. M., Hackett, S. J., & Seddon, N. (2008). Comment on “The latitudinal gradient in recent speciation and extinction rates of birds and mammals.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5865), 901; author reply 901.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maillard, P. (2013). Competitive Quality Strategies. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Preedy, V. R., & Patel, V. B. (Eds.). (2015). General Methods in Biomarker Research and their Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Huang, Y., & Tan, T. (2014). Experimental Study of Feature Coding. In T. Tan (Ed.), Feature Coding for Image Representation and Recognition (pp. 37–45). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 27). Don’t Panic About The Pill – It’s Safer Than Driving To Work. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). FCC: Ka-Band Satellite Application and Licensing Procedure (No. OGC-98-15). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Page, J. A. (2009). Contested urban space: Competing discourses of urban development and environmental conservation in Playa Vista, California (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, October 9). Two Pitchers Conquer Struggles and Morph Into Game 2 Starters. New York Times, p. SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shevach 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Meyer and Brose 2003; Shevach 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meyer and Brose 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Tobias et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials
AbbreviationInt. J. Concr. Struct. Mater.
ISSN (print)1976-0485
ISSN (online)2234-1315
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Ocean Engineering

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