How to format your references using the International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dobson, C. M. (2002). Getting out of shape. Nature, 418(6899), 729–730.
A journal article with 2 authors
Falkowski, P. G., & de Vargas, C. (2004). Genomics and evolution. Shotgun sequencing in the sea: a blast from the past? Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5667), 58–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaiser, T. E., Intine, R. V., & Dundr, M. (2008). De novo formation of a subnuclear body. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5908), 1713–1717.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lynn, A., Koehler, K. E., Judis, L., Chan, E. R., Cherry, J. P., Schwartz, S., et al. (2002). Covariation of synaptonemal complex length and mammalian meiotic exchange rates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5576), 2222–2225.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kölle, W. (2017). Wasseranalysen - richtig beurteilt. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kumar, B. M., & Nair, P. K. R. (Eds.). (2011). Carbon Sequestration Potential of Agroforestry Systems: Opportunities and Challenges (Vol. 8). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Trigo, R. M. (2011). The Impacts of the NAO on Hydrological Resources of the Western Mediterranean. In S. M. Vicente-Serrano & R. M. Trigo (Eds.), Hydrological, Socioeconomic and Ecological Impacts of the North Atlantic Oscillation in the Mediterranean Region (pp. 41–56). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 1). Blue Aurora Spotted On The Red Planet. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Commuter Rail Service in Wisconsin and Illinois (No. RCED-97-29R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gunathilaka, D. (2015). Compliance with dietary restrictions among African American older adults with chronic kidney disease in a nursing home setting (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017, September 10). Celebrating a Honey Harvest in the Center of Hudson Yards. New York Times, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dobson 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Dobson 2002; Falkowski and de Vargas 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Falkowski and de Vargas 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Lynn et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials
AbbreviationInt. J. Concr. Struct. Mater.
ISSN (print)1976-0485
ISSN (online)2234-1315
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Ocean Engineering

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