How to format your references using the International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bruins, H. J. (2010). Anthropology. Dating Pharaonic Egypt. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5985), 1489–1490.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shapiro, N. M., & Koulakov, I. (2015). Geophysics. Probing the underbelly of a supervolcano. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6236), 758–759.
A journal article with 3 authors
Murdoch, W., Briggs, C. J., & Swarbrick, S. (2005). Host suppression and stability in a parasitoid-host system: experimental demonstration. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5734), 610–613.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
King, A. W., Gunderson, C. A., Post, W. M., Weston, D. J., & Wullschleger, S. D. (2006). Atmosphere. Plant respiration in a warmer world. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5773), 536–537.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Casper, D. (2011). Hollywood Film 1963-1976. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Fortunato, S., Mangioni, G., Menezes, R., & Nicosia, V. (Eds.). (2009). Complex Networks: Results of the 2009 International Workshop on Complex Networks (CompleNet 2009) (Vol. 207). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lavagnino, Z., Zanacchi, F. C., & Diaspro, A. (2011). Role of Scattering and Nonlinear Effects in the Illumination and the Photobleaching Distribution Profiles. In A. Diaspro (Ed.), Optical Fluorescence Microscopy: From the Spectral to the Nano Dimension (pp. 75–84). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 10). The Best Medical Images Of The Year: A Mesmerising Nano-World Where Science Becomes Art. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). [Comments on the Federal Communications Commission’s Implementation of Section 254(h) of the Communications Act of 1934] (No. B-278820). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morrow, S. T. (2012). Coboundary theorems for collections of random variables with moment conditions (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2009, May 27). Every Justice Creates a New Court. New York Times, p. A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bruins 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Bruins 2010; Shapiro and Koulakov 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shapiro and Koulakov 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (King et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials
AbbreviationInt. J. Concr. Struct. Mater.
ISSN (print)1976-0485
ISSN (online)2234-1315
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Ocean Engineering

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