How to format your references using the International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tielens, A. G. G. M. (2003). Planetary science. Peering into stardust. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5616), 68–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rawlins, D., & Pickering, K. (2001). Ancient chronology. Astronomical orientation of the pyramids. Nature, 412(6848), 699–700.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ferguson, N. M., Donnelly, C. A., & Anderson, R. M. (2001). Transmission intensity and impact of control policies on the foot and mouth epidemic in Great Britain. Nature, 413(6855), 542–548.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Stoll, M., Cowley, A. W., Jr, Tonellato, P. J., Greene, A. S., Kaldunski, M. L., Roman, R. J., et al. (2001). A genomic-systems biology map for cardiovascular function. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5547), 1723–1726.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez, A. (2013). IP, Ethernet and MPLS Networks. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zhou, J., & Salvendy, G. (Eds.). (2016). Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population. Healthy and Active Aging: Second International Conference, ITAP 2016, Held as Part of HCI International 2016 Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17–22, 2016, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 9755). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Fiadeiro, J. L., & Lopes, A. (2006). A Formal Approach to Event-Based Architectures. In L. Baresi & R. Heckel (Eds.), Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 9th International Conference, FASE 2006, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2006, Vienna, Austria, March 27-28, 2006. Proceedings (pp. 18–32). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 30). Child Receives Double Hand Transplant. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). NASA Personnel: Shortages of Scientists and Engineers Due to Retirements Unlikely in the 1990s (No. NSIAD-91-185). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gilmore, A. G. (2017). Quantification of oxidative reaction efficiencies for hydroxyl radical oxidized antibiotics (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, March 20). Scare Easily? You’re in the Wrong Place. New York Times, p. C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tielens 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Rawlins and Pickering 2001; Tielens 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rawlins and Pickering 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Stoll et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials
AbbreviationInt. J. Concr. Struct. Mater.
ISSN (print)1976-0485
ISSN (online)2234-1315
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Ocean Engineering

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