How to format your references using the Optics and Lasers in Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Optics and Lasers in Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Padma TV. India’s drug tests. Nature 2005;436:485.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Clausen J, Junge W. Detection of an intermediate of photosynthetic water oxidation. Nature 2004;430:480–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Westover KD, Bushnell DA, Kornberg RD. Structural basis of transcription: separation of RNA from DNA by RNA polymerase II. Science 2004;303:1014–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Han SH, Cho FH, Song YK, Paulsen J, Song YQ, Kim YR, et al. Ultrafast 3D spin-echo acquisition improves Gadolinium-enhanced MRI signal contrast enhancement. Sci Rep 2014;4:5061.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Pardoux É. Markov Processes and Applications: Algorithms, Networks, Genome and Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Kurosu M, editor. Human-Computer Interaction. Interaction Platforms and Techniques: 18th International Conference, HCI International 2016, Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17-22, 2016. Proceedings, Part II. vol. 9732. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
van der Aalst WMP. Decomposing Process Mining Problems Using Passages. In: Haddad S, Pomello L, editors. Application and Theory of Petri Nets: 33rd International Conference, PETRI NETS 2012, Hamburg, Germany, June 25-29, 2012. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 72–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Optics and Lasers in Engineering.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Gene Therapy Offers Fresh Hope to Cystic Fibrosis Sufferers. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Administrative Operations and Financial Transactions, NASA Manned Spacecraft Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Yaceczko SD. A Telehealth Nutrition Manual for an Online Intensive Behavioral Weight Management Program. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Protess B, Stevenson A. For Using Jobs to Entice China’s Elite, Chase Agrees to Pay a $264 Million Penalty. New York Times 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOptics and Lasers in Engineering
AbbreviationOpt. Lasers Eng.
ISSN (print)0143-8166
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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