How to format your references using the Hydrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carslaw, K. Atmospheric physics: Cosmic rays, clouds and climate. Nature 2009, 460, 332–333.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghazanfar, A.A.; Logothetis, N.K. Neuroperception: facial expressions linked to monkey calls. Nature 2003, 423, 937–938.
A journal article with 3 authors
Locher, K.P.; Lee, A.T.; Rees, D.C. The E. coli BtuCD structure: a framework for ABC transporter architecture and mechanism. Science 2002, 296, 1091–1098.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
van Mameren, J.; Modesti, M.; Kanaar, R.; Wyman, C.; Peterman, E.J.G.; Wuite, G.J.L. Counting RAD51 proteins disassembling from nucleoprotein filaments under tension. Nature 2009, 457, 745–748.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tolin, D.F.; Worden, B.L.; Wootton, B.M.; Gilliam, C.M. CBT for Hoarding Disorder; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2017; ISBN 9781119159278.
An edited book
Israel, G. The World as a Mathematical Game: John von Neumann and Twentieth Century Science; Gasca, A.M., Ed.; Science Networks. Historical Studies; Birkhäuser: Basel, 2009; Vol. 38; ISBN 9783764398958.
A chapter in an edited book
Dias, J.S.; Ortiz, R. Vegetable Breeding Industry and Property Rights. In Sustainable Agriculture Reviews: Volume 17; Lichtfouse, E., Ed.; Sustainable Agriculture Reviews; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 121–139 ISBN 9783319167411.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Getting Married On Valentine’s Day? You’re More Likely To Get Divorced, Claims Study Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Serious Shortcomings in FAA’s Training Program Must Be Remedied; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1990;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bai, J. Development and validation of the acculturative stress scale for Chinese College Students in the United States (ASSCS). Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University: Bloomington, IN, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kercher, S. From Pinup to Muse. New York Times 2016, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrology
ISSN (online)2306-5338

Other styles