How to format your references using the Hydrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hanson, J. John Cornforth (1917-2013). Nature 2014, 506, 35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowe, M.L.; Goldin-Meadow, S. Differences in Early Gesture Explain SES Disparities in Child Vocabulary Size at School Entry. Science 2009, 323, 951–953.
A journal article with 3 authors
Buhr, E.D.; Yoo, S.-H.; Takahashi, J.S. Temperature as a Universal Resetting Cue for Mammalian Circadian Oscillators. Science 2010, 330, 379–385.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Whittaker, J.M.; Müller, R.D.; Leitchenkov, G.; Stagg, H.; Sdrolias, M.; Gaina, C.; Goncharov, A. Major Australian-Antarctic Plate Reorganization at Hawaiian-Emperor Bend Time. Science 2007, 318, 83–86.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corrigan, P.W.; Roe, D.; Tsang, H.W.H. Challenging the Stigma of Mental Illness; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2011; ISBN 9780470977507.
An edited book
Object-Based Image Analysis: Spatial Concepts for Knowledge-Driven Remote Sensing Applications; Blaschke, T., Lang, S., Hay, G.J., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; ISBN 9783540770572.
A chapter in an edited book
Jarecki, L. Kinetic Theory of Crystal Nucleation Under Transient Molecular Orientation. In Progress in Understanding of Polymer Crystallization; Reiter, G., Strobl, G.R., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Physics; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; pp. 65–86 ISBN 9783540473053.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrology.

Blog post
Davis, J. Adorable Slow Lorises Will Go For The Most Potent Of Drinks Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Small Business Administration: Planning for Loan Monitoring System Has Many Positive Features But Still Carries Implementation Challenges; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sheldon, A. The Impact of Power Restoration and Narcissism on Aggression. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. Reading Toward Recovery. New York Times 2016, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrology
ISSN (online)2306-5338

Other styles