How to format your references using the Hydrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt, T. Pumping up the volume. Nature 2005, 436, 326–327.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kristensen, P.; Bjerkedal, T. Explaining the relation between birth order and intelligence. Science 2007, 316, 1717.
A journal article with 3 authors
Petrides, M.; Cadoret, G.; Mackey, S. Orofacial somatomotor responses in the macaque monkey homologue of Broca’s area. Nature 2005, 435, 1235–1238.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sussan, T.E.; Yang, A.; Li, F.; Ostrowski, M.C.; Reeves, R.H. Trisomy represses Apc(Min)-mediated tumours in mouse models of Down’s syndrome. Nature 2008, 451, 73–75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stavroudis, O.N. The Mathematics of Geometrical and Physical Optics; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG, 2006; ISBN 9783527608171.
An edited book
Information Theoretic Security: 7th International Conference, ICITS 2013, Singapore, November 28-30, 2013, Proceedings; Padró, C., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; Vol. 8317; ISBN 9783319042671.
A chapter in an edited book
Carlier, M.-F.; Helfer, E.; Wade, R.; Haraux, F. Living Nanomachines. In Nanoscience: Nanobiotechnology and Nanobiology; Boisseau, P., Houdy, P., Lahmani, M., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp. 171–222 ISBN 9783540886327.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. There Is Still A Glimmer of Hope for Jade Rabbit (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Aviation: Comparison of Airline “Customer Service Commitment” With Contracts of Carriage and Federal Law; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, B.A. “Parable-art” beyond the Auden generation: An examination of the message-bearing aspects and architecture of two twenty-first-century works for chorus and chamber orchestra. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona: Tucson, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. Channeling Anger Into Music in a Summer of Discontent. New York Times 2017, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrology
ISSN (online)2306-5338

Other styles