How to format your references using the Hydrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stillman, B. DNA Replication. Genomic Views of Genome Duplication. Science 2001, 294, 2301–2304.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grande, C.; Patel, N.H. Nodal Signalling Is Involved in Left-Right Asymmetry in Snails. Nature 2009, 457, 1007–1011.
A journal article with 3 authors
Head, J.N.; Melosh, H.J.; Ivanov, B.A. Martian Meteorite Launch: High-Speed Ejecta from Small Craters. Science 2002, 298, 1752–1756.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thangaraj, K.; Chaubey, G.; Kivisild, T.; Reddy, A.G.; Singh, V.K.; Rasalkar, A.A.; Singh, L. Reconstructing the Origin of Andaman Islanders. Science 2005, 308, 996.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schober, H. Transparent Shells; Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG: Berlin, Germany, 2015; ISBN 9783433605998.
An edited book
Castro, A.J.M. A New Approach for Disruption Management in Airline Operations Control; Rocha, A.P., Oliveira, E., Eds.; Studies in Computational Intelligence; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; Vol. 562; ISBN 9783662433720.
A chapter in an edited book
Viera, M.; Pogliani, C.; Donati, E. Recovery Of Zinc, Nickel, Cobalt And Other Metals By Bioleaching. In Microbial Processing of Metal Sulfides; Donati, E.R., Sand, W., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2007; pp. 103–119 ISBN 9781402055881.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. Scientists Discovered A Two-Headed Shark Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Telecommunications: Status of Research on the Safety of Cellular Telephones; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1994;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ko, T.-C.T. The ALISA Delta(CRC) Classifier for Natural Surfaces: Viewpoint-Invariant and Illumination-Invariant Classification of Natural Surfaces Using General-Purpose Color and Texture Features with the ALISA Delta(CRC) Classifier. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. Bruce Springsteen: Greetings From Broadway. New York Times 2017, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrology
ISSN (online)2306-5338

Other styles