How to format your references using the Hydrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt, T. US Astronomers Draw up Their Wish List for a Decade of Funding. Nature 2000, 405, 381–382.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shin, D.; Cho, K.-H. Recurrent Connections Form a Phase-Locking Neuronal Tuner for Frequency-Dependent Selective Communication. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2519.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gershenfeld, N.; Samouhos, S.; Nordman, B. Engineering. Intelligent Infrastructure for Energy Efficiency. Science 2010, 327, 1086–1088.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Peña, P.V.; Davrazou, F.; Shi, X.; Walter, K.L.; Verkhusha, V.V.; Gozani, O.; Zhao, R.; Kutateladze, T.G. Molecular Mechanism of Histone H3K4me3 Recognition by Plant Homeodomain of ING2. Nature 2006, 442, 100–103.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silva Elipe, M.V. LC-NMR and Other Hyphenated NMR Techniques; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011; ISBN 9781118135396.
An edited book
da Poian, A.T. Integrative Human Biochemistry: A Textbook for Medical Biochemistry; Castanho, M.A.R.B., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2015; ISBN 9781493930579.
A chapter in an edited book
Bloch, S.; Pleitz, M.; Pohlmann, M.; Wrobel, J. Deviant Rules: On Susan Haack’s “The Justification of Deduction.” In Susan Haack: Reintegrating Philosophy; Göhner, J.F., Jung, E.-M., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 85–112 ISBN 9783319249674.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrology.

Blog post
Fang, J. Mars One Finalist Announces That It’s All A Scam Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Commercial Aviation: Raising Passenger Facility Charges Would Increase Airport Funding, but Other Effects Less Certain; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson, L.M. Using Time-Resolved Photoluminescence Spectroscopy to Examine Exciton Dynamics in II-VI Semiconductor Nanostructures. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati: Cincinnati, OH, 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik, J.F. Death Is Inevitable. Financial Turmoil Afterward Isn’t. New York Times 2017, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrology
ISSN (online)2306-5338

Other styles