How to format your references using the Occupational Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Occupational Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heritage J. Plant sciences. Will GM rapeseed cut the mustard? Science 2003 Oct 17;302(5644):401–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Viscidi RP, Shah KV. Cancer. A skin cancer virus? Science 2008 Feb 22;319(5866):1049–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghosh D, Segal A, Voets T. Distinct modes of perimembrane TRP channel turnover revealed by TIR-FRAP. Sci. Rep. 2014 Nov 19;4:7111.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang W, Wan H, Feng G, Qu J, Wang J, Jing Y, et al. SIRT6 deficiency results in developmental retardation in cynomolgus monkeys. Nature 2018 Aug;560(7720):661–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marlet R. Program Specialization. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Dam KH van, Nikolic I, Lukszo Z, editors. Agent-Based Modelling of Socio-Technical Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Gama V, Almeida M. Metallocenium Salts of Transition Metal Bisdichalcogenate Anions; Structure and Magnetic Properties. In: Fourmigué M, Ouahab L, editors. Conducting and Magnetic Organometallic Molecular Materials Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 97–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Occupational Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Study Claims Colony Collapse Disorder Caused By Insecticides [Internet]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Shared Resources Project: Evaluation Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Nov. Report No.: 142798.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Paik Y. Redefining multidisciplinary teams: An institutional approach [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. Making College a Reality For Hispanic Students. New York Times 2007 Nov 18;14WE6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOccupational Medicine
AbbreviationOccup. Med. (Lond.)
ISSN (print)0962-7480
ISSN (online)1471-8405
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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