How to format your references using the Occupational Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Occupational Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lu S. Zn2+ blocks annealing of complementary single-stranded DNA in a sequence-selective manner. Sci. Rep. 2014 Jun 26;4:5464.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rykaczewski RR, Dunne JP. A measured look at ocean chlorophyll trends. Nature 2011 Apr 14;472(7342):E5-6; discussion E8-9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abdenur R, Palmer L, Milhollin G. Brazil’s Nuclear Activities. Science 2005 Feb 11;307(5711):847–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Song Y, Sun Y, Zeng J, Wang F. Automatic correction of hand pointing in stereoscopic depth. Sci. Rep. 2014 Dec 11;4:7444.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murray B. The Possibility of Culture. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Rocha Á, Correia AM, Tan FB, Stroetmann KA, editors. New Perspectives in Information Systems and Technologies, Volume 1. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen Y, Eickmeyer K, Flum J. The Exponential Time Hypothesis and the Parameterized Clique Problem. In: Thilikos DM, Woeginger GJ, editors. Parameterized and Exact Computation: 7th International Symposium, IPEC 2012, Ljubljana, Slovenia, September 12-14, 2012. Proceedings Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 13–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Occupational Medicine.

Blog post
Luntz S. Vast Galactic Collisions Create Dark Matter Laboratory [Internet]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation: Federal Assessments Levied on Commercial Maritime Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Mar. Report No.: T-RCED-93-24.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pikiewicz KA. I never knew I had expectations until I realized they weren’t going to come true: A grounded theory study of mothering a chronically ill child [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira S. Ugly Campaign Descended Into a Battle of Two Caricatures. New York Times 2016 Nov 9;P8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOccupational Medicine
AbbreviationOccup. Med. (Lond.)
ISSN (print)0962-7480
ISSN (online)1471-8405
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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