How to format your references using the Occupational Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Occupational Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubin MA. Tech.Sight. Understanding disease cell by cell. Science 2002 May 17;296(5571):1329–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuriyan J, Eisenberg D. The origin of protein interactions and allostery in colocalization. Nature 2007 Dec 13;450(7172):983–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Didham RK, Ewers RM, Gemmell NJ. Comment on “Avian extinction and mammalian introductions on oceanic islands.” Science 2005 Mar 4;307(5714):1412; author reply 1412.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Levey DJ, Bolker BM, Tewksbury JJ, Sargent S, Haddad NM. Effects of landscape corridors on seed dispersal by birds. Science 2005 Jul 1;309(5731):146–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hobkirk JA, Gill DS, Jones SP, Hemmings KW, Bassi GS, O’Donnell AL, et al. Hypodontia. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.; 2010.
An edited book
Re ED, Ruggieri M, editors. Satellite Communications and Navigation Systems. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Norrie MC. Desktop, Tabletop or Mobile? In: Ceri S, Brambilla M, editors. Search Computing: Trends and Developments Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 46–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Occupational Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Traces of Neanderthal Virus DNA Found in Modern Human Genomes [Internet]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2013 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Offshoring: U.S. Semiconductor and Software Industries Increasingly Produce in China and India. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Sep. Report No.: GAO-06-423.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nomberg RI. Understanding interest group strategies: A case study of civic leaders collaborating with local government [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Semple K, Chen DW. In Skelos Case, a Son Whose Life Seemed to Lose Traction Early. New York Times 2015 May 9;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOccupational Medicine
AbbreviationOccup. Med. (Lond.)
ISSN (print)0962-7480
ISSN (online)1471-8405
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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