How to format your references using the Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kelly, Robert L. 2011. “Retrospective. Lewis R. Binford (1931-2011).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332 (6032): 928.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, Genqiang, and Xiong Wen David Lou. 2013. “Controlled Growth of NiCo₂O₄ Nanorods and Ultrathin Nanosheets on Carbon Nanofibers for High-Performance Supercapacitors.” Scientific Reports 3: 1470.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melchor, Ricardo N., Silvina De Valais, and Jorge F. Genise. 2002. “Bird-like Fossil Footprints from the Late Triassic.” Nature 417 (6892): 936–938.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kang, Lei, Zheshuai Lin, Jingui Qin, and Chuangtian Chen. 2013. “Two Novel Nonlinear Optical Carbonates in the Deep-Ultraviolet Region: KBeCO3F and RbAlCO3F2.” Scientific Reports 3: 1366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Agachi, Paul Şerban, Zoltán K. Nagy, Mircea Vasile Cristea, and Árpád Imre-Lucaci. 2006. Model Based Control. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Jiang, Qing. 2011. Thermodynamics of Materials. Edited by Zi Wen. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sánchez-Lozano, J. Miguel, M. Socorro García-Cascales, and M. Teresa Lamata. 2013. “Decision Criteria for Optimal Location of Solar Plants: Photovoltaic and Thermoelectric.” In Assessment and Simulation Tools for Sustainable Energy Systems: Theory and Applications, edited by Fausto Cavallaro, 79–91. Green Energy and Technology. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2011. “Hawaiian Crow Found To Use Sticks As Tools.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. High-Performance Computing: Industry Uses of Supercomputers and High-Speed Networks. IMTEC-91-58. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, James T. 2010. “The Relationship between Technology Support and Extent of Technology Integration into College-Level Foreign Language Curricula.” Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, Michael M. 2017. “A Fox News Host Criticizes Trump, and Some Viewers Bristle.” New York Times, August 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kelly 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kelly 2011; Zhang and David Lou 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and David Lou 2013)
  • Three authors: (Melchor, De Valais, and Genise 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleIslam and Christian-Muslim Relations
ISSN (print)0959-6410
ISSN (online)1469-9311
ScopeReligious studies
Political Science and International Relations

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