How to format your references using the Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greider, Carol W. 2012. “Molecular Biology. Wnt Regulates TERT--Putting the Horse before the Cart.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6088): 1519–1520.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vogl, Ulrich, and Martin Weitz. 2009. “Laser Cooling by Collisional Redistribution of Radiation.” Nature 461 (7260): 70–73.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rebbeck, Clare A., Armand M. Leroi, and Austin Burt. 2011. “Mitochondrial Capture by a Transmissible Cancer.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6015): 303.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Williams, Keith A., Peter T. M. Veenhuizen, Beatriz G. de la Torre, Ramon Eritja, and Cees Dekker. 2002. “Nanotechnology: Carbon Nanotubes with DNA Recognition.” Nature 420 (6917): 761.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Makower, Timothy. 2014. Touching the City. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Aigner, Martin. 2006. Proofs from THE BOOK. Edited by Günter M. Ziegler and Alfio Quarteroni. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hamachi, Rieko, Ichiro Tsukida, and Hisashi Noda. 2014. “Activities to Improve System Integration and Service Quality and Add Additional Values - Reducing the Cost in Applying Human-Centered-Design Process.” In Design, User Experience, and Usability. User Experience Design Practice: Third International Conference, DUXU 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part IV, edited by Aaron Marcus, 32–38. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Scientists at Work as Philae Lands: From Rosetta Mission Control.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Aviation Weather: FAA Needs to Resolve Questions Involving the Use of New Radars. RCED-90-17. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Butler, Maia L. 2017. “Floating Homelands: Postnational Constructions of Home in Contemporary Africana Women’s Literature.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, Michael. 2017. “Hurricane Closes Houston Arts Center.” New York Times, September 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greider 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Greider 2012; Vogl and Weitz 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vogl and Weitz 2009)
  • Three authors: (Rebbeck, Leroi, and Burt 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Williams et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleIslam and Christian-Muslim Relations
ISSN (print)0959-6410
ISSN (online)1469-9311
ScopeReligious studies
Political Science and International Relations

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