How to format your references using the Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Austin, Jim. 2014. “Reviewing the Reviewers.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 345 (6201): 1206.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reyes, Nicolás, and David C. Gadsby. 2006. “Ion Permeation through the Na+,K+-ATPase.” Nature 443 (7110): 470–474.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schnupp, J. W., T. D. Mrsic-Flogel, and A. J. King. 2001. “Linear Processing of Spatial Cues in Primary Auditory Cortex.” Nature 414 (6860): 200–204.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gunther, Laura K., Ken’ya Furuta, Jianjun Bao, Monica K. Urbanowski, Hiroaki Kojima, Howard D. White, and Takeshi Sakamoto. 2014. “Coupling of Two Non-Processive Myosin 5c Dimers Enables Processive Stepping along Actin Filaments.” Scientific Reports 4 (May): 4907.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Makishima, Akio. 2016. Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry (TIMS). Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Murgante, Beniamino, Sanjay Misra, Ana Maria A. C. Rocha, Carmelo Torre, Jorge Gustavo Rocha, Maria Irene Falcão, David Taniar, Bernady O. Apduhan, and Osvaldo Gervasi, eds. 2014. Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2014: 14th International Conference, Guimarães, Portugal, June 30 – July 3, 2014, Proceedings, Part IV. Vol. 8582. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gambarelli, Serge, Etienne Mulliez, and Marc Fontecave. 2010. “Iron–Sulfur Clusters in ‘Radical SAM’ Enzymes: Spectroscopy and Coordination.” In Metals in Biology: Applications of High-Resolution EPR to Metalloenzymes, edited by Graeme Hanson and Lawrence Berliner, 53–82. Biological Magnetic Resonance. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2015. “Severe Solar Storms Might Go Undetected.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Information Technology Management: Census Bureau Has Implemented Many Key Practices, but Additional Actions Are Needed. GAO-05-661. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brandon, Gregg Lewis. 2017. “Mendelssohn’s Public Statement of Faith: ‘Lobgesang’ as Christian Witness.” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, Linda. 2013. “Bathed in the Glow of Splashing Water.” New York Times, July 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Austin 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Austin 2014; Reyes and Gadsby 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reyes and Gadsby 2006)
  • Three authors: (Schnupp, Mrsic-Flogel, and King 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gunther et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleIslam and Christian-Muslim Relations
ISSN (print)0959-6410
ISSN (online)1469-9311
ScopeReligious studies
Political Science and International Relations

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