How to format your references using the Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonnell, Dawn A. 2013. “Materials Science. Ferroelectric Organic Materials Catch up with Oxides.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 339 (6118): 401–402.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tinel, Antoine, and Jürg Tschopp. 2004. “The PIDDosome, a Protein Complex Implicated in Activation of Caspase-2 in Response to Genotoxic Stress.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5672): 843–846.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berger, J., J. E. Swenson, and I. L. Persson. 2001. “Recolonizing Carnivores and Naïve Prey: Conservation Lessons from Pleistocene Extinctions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5506): 1036–1039.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Albert, Benjamin B., Martin de Bock, José G. B. Derraik, Christine M. Brennan, Janene B. Biggs, Paul L. Hofman, and Wayne S. Cutfield. 2014. “Among Overweight Middle-Aged Men, First-Borns Have Lower Insulin Sensitivity than Second-Borns.” Scientific Reports 4 (February): 3906.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reschetilowski, Wladimir. 2002. Technisch-Chemisches Praktikum. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Meguid, Shaker A., ed. 2016. Advances in Nanocomposites: Modeling, Characterization and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, Sang-Hun, and Hong-Geun Jung. 2016. “Ankle and Subtalar Ligaments: Acute Injuries and Chronic Instabilities.” In Foot and Ankle Disorders: An Illustrated Reference, edited by Hong-Geun Jung, 147–183. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “7 Strange And Surprising Ways That Humans Have Recently Evolved.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Social Security Numbers: More Could Be Done to Protect SSNs. GAO-06-586T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Matthews, Laura K. 2016. “The Impact of Trait Displaced Aggression and Social Support on Cardiovascular Reactivity.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. “Mets Add Familia To Long List Of Injured.” New York Times, May 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonnell 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bonnell 2013; Tinel and Tschopp 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tinel and Tschopp 2004)
  • Three authors: (Berger, Swenson, and Persson 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Albert et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleIslam and Christian-Muslim Relations
ISSN (print)0959-6410
ISSN (online)1469-9311
ScopeReligious studies
Political Science and International Relations

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