How to format your references using the Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, Michael. 2015. “Big Data: The Power of Petabytes.” Nature 527 (7576): S2-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cohen, Stephen M., and Julius Brennecke. 2006. “Developmental Biology. Mixed Messages in Early Development.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5770): 65–66.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaloni, T. P., M. Tahir, and U. Schwingenschlögl. 2013. “Quasi Free-Standing Silicene in a Superlattice with Hexagonal Boron Nitride.” Scientific Reports 3 (November): 3192.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhuo, Yan, Tian Gang Zhou, Heng Yi Rao, Jiong Jiong Wang, Ming Meng, Ming Chen, Cheng Zhou, and Lin Chen. 2003. “Contributions of the Visual Ventral Pathway to Long-Range Apparent Motion.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5605): 417–420.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doerfler, Walter. 2007. Foreign DNA in Mammalian Systems. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Bertelsen, Olav W., Luigina Ciolfi, Maria Antonietta Grasso, and George Angelos Papadopoulos, eds. 2013. ECSCW 2013: Proceedings of the 13th European Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, 21-25 September 2013, Paphos, Cyprus. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Poblete, Barbara, Myra Spiliopoulou, and Ricardo Baeza-Yates. 2008. “Website Privacy Preservation for Query Log Publishing.” In Privacy, Security, and Trust in KDD: First ACM SIGKDD International Workshop, PinKDD 2007, San Jose, CA, USA, August 12, 2007, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Francesco Bonchi, Elena Ferrari, Bradley Malin, and Yücel Saygin, 80–96. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “800-Pound Stingray Is One Of The Largest Freshwater Fish Ever Recorded.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. III, No. 2. 133239. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McDougal, Sean. 2013. “Military Town: Part One.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg, Eli, and Ashley Southall. 2016. “De Blasio Calls Police Shooting ‘Unacceptable.’” New York Times, October 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein 2015; Cohen and Brennecke 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cohen and Brennecke 2006)
  • Three authors: (Kaloni, Tahir, and Schwingenschlögl 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhuo et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleIslam and Christian-Muslim Relations
ISSN (print)0959-6410
ISSN (online)1469-9311
ScopeReligious studies
Political Science and International Relations

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