How to format your references using the Advances in Integrative Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Integrative Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Arnqvist, Comment on “Bateman in nature: predation on offspring reduces the potential for sexual selection,” Science. 340 (2013) 549.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Ocampo, J.C. Izpisua Belmonte, Stem cells. Holding your breath for longevity, Science. 347 (2015) 1319–1320.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.B. Goodman, G.M. Church, S. Kosuri, Causes and effects of N-terminal codon bias in bacterial genes, Science. 342 (2013) 475–479.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C.-Y. Cao, Y.-Y. Shen, J.-D. Wang, L. Li, G.-L. Liang, Controlled intracellular self-assembly of gadolinium nanoparticles as smart molecular MR contrast agents, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1024.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Sadr, Interest Rate Swaps and Their Derivatives, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
F.L. Gaol, K. Shrivastava, J. Akhtar, eds., Recent Trends in Physics of Material Science and Technology, Springer, Singapore, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Van de Poel, E. Vanagt, U. Schrimpf, J. Gasiorek, Special Challenges in Medical Communication, in: E. Vanagt, U. Schrimpf, J. Gasiorek (Eds.), Communication Skills for Foreign and Mobile Medical Professionals, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 105–132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Integrative Medicine.

Blog post
J. Fang, Nearby Star Is On A Collision Course With Our Solar System, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology Dashboard: Opportunities Exist to Improve Transparency and Oversight of Investment Risk at Select Agencies, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.A. Beasley, Investigations of redox-labeled silica and gold nanoparticles in solution and as films on electrodes, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, Wilpons First Need To Replace Mind-Set, New York Times. (2010) B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Integrative Medicine
AbbreviationAdv. Integr. Med.
ISSN (print)2212-9588
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

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