How to format your references using the Acta Paediatrica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Paediatrica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
McGill BJ. Ecology. Matters of scale. Science 2010; 328:575–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Weston CR, Davis RJ. Signal transduction: signaling specificity- a complex affair. Science 2001; 292:2439–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Maertens GN, Hare S, Cherepanov P. The mechanism of retroviral integration from X-ray structures of its key intermediates. Nature 2010; 468:326–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Yi N, Huang B, Dong L, Quan X, Hong F, Tao P, et al. Temperature-induced coalescence of colliding binary droplets on superhydrophobic surface. Sci Rep 2014; 4:4303.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Paolella MS. Fundamental Probability. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Maschinski J, Haskins KE, Raven PH, eds. Plant Reintroduction in a Changing Climate: Promises and Perils. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics; 2012. XX, 402 p. 36 illus. (The Science and Practice of Ecological Restoration).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wang X, Reeves D. Active Timing Based Traceback. In: Reeves D, ed. Traceback and Anonymity New York, NY: Springer; 2015. p. 23–47. (SpringerBriefs in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Paediatrica.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Early Humans Colonized Europe In A Series Of Separate Waves [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/early-humans-colonized-europe-series-separate-waves-migration/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Deferred Maintenance Reporting: Challenges to Implementation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Jan. Report No.: AIMD-98-42.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Al-Qazzaz AL. A kinetic study of the radiolytic degradation of phthalates in aqueous solutions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Davey M, Walsh MW. For Detroit, a Crisis Born of Bad Decisions and Crossed Fingers. New York Times 2013:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Paediatrica
AbbreviationActa Paediatr.
ISSN (print)0803-5253
ISSN (online)1651-2227
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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