How to format your references using the Obesity Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Obesity Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sykes MV. Planetary science. The planet debate continues. Science. 2008;319:1765.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Withers P, Neumann GA. Enigmatic northern plains of Mars. Nature. 2001;410:651.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Vaupel JW, Carey JR, Christensen K. Aging. It’s never too late. Science. 2003;301:1679–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Gabaix X, Gopikrishnan P, Plerou V, Stanley HE. A theory of power-law distributions in financial market fluctuations. Nature. 2003;423:267–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Stephans RA. System Safety for the 21 st Century. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
1. Yeh C. The Essence of Dielectric Waveguides. Shimabukuro FI, editor. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. De Leenheer P, Mens T. Using Graph Transformation to Support Collaborative Ontology Evolution. In: Schürr A, Nagl M, Zündorf A, editors. Applications of Graph Transformations with Industrial Relevance: Third International Symposium, AGTIVE 2007, Kassel, Germany, October 10-12, 2007, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 44–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Obesity Surgery.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Shell Can’t Afford To Wait Until 2050 To Adapt Its Business To Climate Change [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/shell-can-t-afford-wait-until-2050-adapt-its-business-climate-change/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Procurement of ADP Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971 Nov. Report No.: B-115369.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Campbell AJ. History transformed: Sengoku Daimyo in Japanese popular media [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. Fresh Details on the Fed Rescue of A.I.G.’s Insurance Units. New York Times. 2010 Dec 2;A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleObesity Surgery
AbbreviationObes. Surg.
ISSN (print)0960-8923
ISSN (online)1708-0428
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Surgery
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles