How to format your references using the Obesity Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Obesity Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Stewart CN Jr. Songwriting and science. Science. 2015;349:446.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bramble DM, Lieberman DE. Endurance running and the evolution of Homo. Nature. 2004;432:345–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ma J, Wollmann R, Lindquist S. Neurotoxicity and neurodegeneration when PrP accumulates in the cytosol. Science. 2002;298:1781–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Park JY, Ogletree DF, Salmeron M, Ribeiro RA, Canfield PC, Jenks CJ, et al. High frictional anisotropy of periodic and aperiodic directions on a quasicrystal surface. Science. 2005;309:1354–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hooper J, Zalewski A, Watanabe E. Advanced Charting Techniques for High Probability Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Reichenbächer M. Challenges in Molecular Structure Determination. Popp J, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zazkis R, Sinclair N, Liljedahl P. On Divisibility by 4. In: Sinclair N, Liljedahl P, editors. Lesson Play in Mathematics Education: A Tool for Research and Professional Development. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 53–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Obesity Surgery.

Blog post
1. Hale T. This Is What Happens To Society When You Educate Women [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/the-benefits-of-gender-equality-go-further-than-you-might-think/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Recent Slowdown in Institutionalizing Key Management Controls Needs to Be Addressed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 May. Report No.: GAO-09-586.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Alsaadi A. Smart smoke and fire detection with wireless and global system for mobile technology [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Schmidt MS. Mueller Inquiry Seeks Documents On Trump Firings. New York Times. 2017 Sep 20;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleObesity Surgery
AbbreviationObes. Surg.
ISSN (print)0960-8923
ISSN (online)1708-0428
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Surgery
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles