How to format your references using the Obesity Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Obesity Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Damasio A. Mental self: The person within. Nature. 2003;423:227.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Le Goff L, Lecuit T. Developmental biology. Phase transition in a cell. Science. 2009;324:1654–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Maduwage K, O’Leary MA, Isbister GK. Diagnosis of snake envenomation using a simple phospholipase A2 assay. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4827.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wolfrum C, Asilmaz E, Luca E, Friedman JM, Stoffel M. Foxa2 regulates lipid metabolism and ketogenesis in the liver during fasting and in diabetes. Nature. 2004;432:1027–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Weinberg MA, Froum SJ. The Dentist’s Drug and Prescription Guide. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,; 2012.
An edited book
1. Gutiérrez F, Gutiérrez M, editors. Landscapes and Landforms of Spain. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Baets KD, Landman NH, Tanabe K. Ammonoid Embryonic Development. In: Klug C, Korn D, De Baets K, Kruta I, Mapes RH, editors. Ammonoid Paleobiology: From anatomy to ecology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. p. 113–205.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Obesity Surgery.

Blog post
1. Taub B. New Study Reveals How Cannabis Interferes With The Development Of Brain Connections [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/new-study-reveals-cannabis-interferes-development-brain-connections/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Abstracts of Reports and Testimony: Fiscal Year 2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Mar. Report No.: GAO-01-558SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Magallanes J. Experiences with formal and informal support: A case study of a female-to-male transgender individual [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg B. Razor Images. Bewildered Eyes. New York Times. 2016 Nov 18;AR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleObesity Surgery
AbbreviationObes. Surg.
ISSN (print)0960-8923
ISSN (online)1708-0428
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Surgery
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles