How to format your references using the Nutrition Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brandenberger R. Astronomy. A texture in the sky? Science. 2007;318(5856):1560-1561.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rubin AF, Green P. Comment on “The consensus coding sequences of human breast and colorectal cancers.” Science. 2007;317(5844):1500.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turi L, Sheu WS, Rossky PJ. Characterization of excess electrons in water-cluster anions by quantum simulations. Science. 2005;309(5736):914-917.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xie S, Pancost RD, Yin H, Wang H, Evershed RP. Two episodes of microbial change coupled with Permo/Triassic faunal mass extinction. Nature. 2005;434(7032):494-497.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shover L. Trading Options in Turbulent Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Vidergor HE, Harris CR, eds. Applied Practice for Educators of Gifted and Able Learners. SensePublishers; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Hobby BD, Wascher DC, Schenck RC. Classification of Knee Dislocations and the Surgical Implications. In: Fanelli GC, ed. The Multiple Ligament Injured Knee: A Practical Guide to Management. Springer; 2013:63-69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E. That Neat and Tidy Map of Tastes on the Tongue you Learned in School is all Wrong. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Payments in Lieu of Taxes for Federal Property. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilkins D. The Value of the Semantic Differential to the Art Educator. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bray C, Corkery M. Citigroup Said to Open Frankfurt Hub in Post-‘Brexit’ Move. New York Times. July 19, 2017:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition Reviews
AbbreviationNutr. Rev.
ISSN (print)0029-6643
ISSN (online)1753-4887
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles