How to format your references using the Nutrition Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guarente L. Sirtuins as potential targets for metabolic syndrome. Nature. 2006;444(7121):868-874.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vanag VK, Epstein IR. Inwardly rotating spiral waves in a reaction-diffusion system. Science. 2001;294(5543):835-837.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang X, Zhu Y, Granick S. Hydrophobicity at a Janus interface. Science. 2002;295(5555):663-666.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hites RA, Santoro MA, Sturges WT, et al. Clarifying the SF5CF3 Record. Science. 2000;290(5493):935-936.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rios Insua D, Ruggeri F, Wiper MP. Bayesian Analysis of Stochastic Process Models: Ruggeri/Bayesian Analysis of Stochastic Process Models. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Bai YL, Zheng QS, Wei YG, eds. IUTAM Symposium on Mechanical Behavior and Micro-Mechanics of Nanostructured Materials: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium Held in Beijing, China, June 27–30, 2005. Vol 144. Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Eliassi B. Conceiving Citizenship and Statelessness in the Middle East and Sweden: The Experiences of Kurdish Migrants in Sweden. In: Stokes-DuPass N, Fruja R, eds. Citizenship, Belonging, and Nation-States in the Twenty-First Century. Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016:85-110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition Reviews.

Blog post
Hamilton K. How Deadly Is Your Dog’s Saliva? IFLScience. Published July 15, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Guaranteed Student Loan Information System Needs a Thorough Redesign To Account for the Expenditure of Billions. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magda B. Increasing efficacy of emergency departments through systems analysis of enterprise architecture: Mitigating the impact of technological change. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. Change, Slower Than a Speeding Bullet. New York Times. February 15, 2015:MB3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition Reviews
AbbreviationNutr. Rev.
ISSN (print)0029-6643
ISSN (online)1753-4887
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles