How to format your references using the Nutrition Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmidt-Kaler F. Quantum physics: feel the force. Nature. 2014;510(7505):349.
A journal article with 2 authors
Birch HM, Clayton J. Cell biology: close-up on cell biology. Nature. 2007;446(7138):937-940.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldblatt C, Lenton TM, Watson AJ. Bistability of atmospheric oxygen and the Great Oxidation. Nature. 2006;443(7112):683-686.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Forsgren E, Amundsen T, Borg AA, Bjelvenmark J. Unusually dynamic sex roles in a fish. Nature. 2004;429(6991):551-554.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knowles R. 200 Contractual Problems and Their Solutions. Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
Bader M. CASE AND LINKING IN LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION: Evidence from German. Vol 34. (Bayer J, ed.). Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Melonakos J, Mohan V, Niethammer M, Smith K, Kubicki M, Tannenbaum A. Finsler Tractography for White Matter Connectivity Analysis of the Cingulum Bundle. In: Ayache N, Ourselin S, Maeder A, eds. Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2007: 10th International Conference, Brisbane, Australia, October 29 - November 2, 2007, Proceedings, Part I. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2007:36-43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition Reviews.

Blog post
Luntz S. Most Americans Support Childhood Vaccines. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Important Progress Made, Yet Much Work Remains to Avoid Disruption of Critical Services. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mohajer R. A Transcendental Approach to John Coltrane: Applying Concepts of Spirituality to Giant Steps into the Cosmos. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick B. The Drift. New York Times. January 31, 2017:D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition Reviews
AbbreviationNutr. Rev.
ISSN (print)0029-6643
ISSN (online)1753-4887
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles