How to format your references using the Nutrition Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kentsis A. Correspondence patterns: mechanisms and models of human dynamics. Nature. 2006;441(7092):E5; discussion E5-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim MS, Cho J. Physics. Teleporting a quantum state to distant matter. Science. 2009;323(5913):469-470.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barber VA, Juday GP, Finney BP. Reduced growth of Alaskan white spruce in the twentieth century from temperature-induced drought stress. Nature. 2000;405(6787):668-673.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gladstone GR, Hurley DM, Retherford KD, et al. LRO-LAMP observations of the LCROSS impact plume. Science. 2010;330(6003):472-476.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hansen S, Pedersen-Bjergaard S, Rasmussen K. Introduction to Pharmaceutical Chemical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Newton-Fisher NE, Notman H, Paterson JD, Reynolds V, eds. Primates of Western Uganda. Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Ali A, Caplan PJ, Fagnant R. Gender Stereotypes in Diagnostic Criteria. In: Chrisler JC, McCreary DR, eds. Handbook of Gender Research in Psychology: Volume 2: Gender Research in Social and Applied Psychology. Springer; 2010:91-109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E. Interbreeding Among Early Hominins. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Civil Agencies Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Li H. Improvement of Compressive Strength of Oil Well Cement by Agitation. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Reason to Believe But Also To Be Cautious. New York Times. December 5, 2009:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition Reviews
AbbreviationNutr. Rev.
ISSN (print)0029-6643
ISSN (online)1753-4887
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles