How to format your references using the Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Toggweiler, J.R., 2009. Climate change. Shifting westerlies. Science 323, 1434–1435.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones, R.H., Flynn, K.J., 2005. Nutritional status and diet composition affect the value of diatoms as copepod prey. Science 307, 1457–1459.
A journal article with 3 authors
Iguchi, I., Yamaguchi, T., Sugimoto, A., 2001. Diamagnetic activity above Tc as a precursor to superconductivity in La2-xSrxCuO4 thin films. Nature 412, 420–423.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mueller, A.-K., Labaied, M., Kappe, S.H.I., Matuschewski, K., 2005. Genetically modified Plasmodium parasites as a protective experimental malaria vaccine. Nature 433, 164–167.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karr, R., 2009. Lead, Sell, or Get Out of the Way. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hand, M.S., 2014. Economics of Wildfire Management: The Development and Application of Suppression Expenditure Models, SpringerBriefs in Fire. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Thielen, C., Krumke, S.O., 2009. Truthful Mechanisms for Selfish Routing and Two-Parameter Agents, in: Mavronicolas, M., Papadopoulou, V.G. (Eds.), Algorithmic Game Theory: Second International Symposium, SAGT 2009, Paphos, Cyprus, October 18-20, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 36–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. New Cancer Treatment Causes Cells To Explode [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. Cost Recovery Practices Inconsistent With Government Policy (No. GGD-83-61). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yuknis, C.M., 2010. A grounded theory of deaf middle school students’ revision of their own writing (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L., 2008. The Best Decorated Tent You’ll Ever See. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Toggweiler, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Jones and Flynn, 2005; Toggweiler, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jones and Flynn, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Mueller et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Retailing and Consumer Services
AbbreviationJ. Retail. Consum. Serv.
ISSN (print)0969-6989

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