How to format your references using the Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lerner, L.S., 2000. Good and bad science in US schools. Nature 407, 287–290.
A journal article with 2 authors
Crone, T.J., Tolstoy, M., 2010. Magnitude of the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil leak. Science 330, 634.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bryk, R., Griffin, P., Nathan, C., 2000. Peroxynitrite reductase activity of bacterial peroxiredoxins. Nature 407, 211–215.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Qiu, Y., He, X.-H., Zhang, Y., Li, J.-X., 2014. Discriminative stimulus effects of the novel imidazoline I₂ receptor ligand CR4056 in rats. Sci. Rep. 4, 6605.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sharpe, N.F., Carter, R.F., 2005. Genetic Testing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Guo, H., Xie, D., Yang, W. (Eds.), 2015. Guosen Yan: A Festschrift from Theoretical Chemistry Accounts, Highlights in Theoretical Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Lu, C., Mai, Y.-W., Shen, Y.-G., 2007. The Origin of Superhardness in Nanocomposite Coatings: Analysis of Nanoindentation and Scratch Tests, in: Bai, Y.L., Zheng, Q.S., Wei, Y.G. (Eds.), IUTAM Symposium on Mechanical Behavior and Micro-Mechanics of Nanostructured Materials: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium Held in Beijing, China, June 27–30, 2005, Solid Mechanics and Its Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 39–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. GM Mosquitos Could Eradicate Wild Populations By Only Producing Male Offspring [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Aviation Safety: Management Improvement Needed in FAA’s Airworthiness Directive Program (No. RCED-90-94). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang, H., 2008. Studies of Zeolite-Based Artificial Photosynthetic Systems (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
MONICA KELLY; Monica Kelly lives in Larchmont, 1988. Three Crows Cause a Neighbor to Take Flights of Fancy. New York Times 12WC32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lerner, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Crone and Tolstoy, 2010; Lerner, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Crone and Tolstoy, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Qiu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Retailing and Consumer Services
AbbreviationJ. Retail. Consum. Serv.
ISSN (print)0969-6989

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