How to format your references using the Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willig, M.R., 2011. Ecology. Biodiversity and productivity. Science 333, 1709–1710.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zaki, N., Mora, A., 2014. A comparative analysis of computational approaches and algorithms for protein subcomplex identification. Sci. Rep. 4, 4262.
A journal article with 3 authors
Redford, K.H., Jensen, D.B., Breheny, J.J., 2012. Ecology. Integrating the captive and the wild. Science 338, 1157–1158.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rauschhuber, C., Mueck-Haeusl, M., Zhang, W., Nettelbeck, D.M., Ehrhardt, A., 2013. RNAi suppressor P19 can be broadly exploited for enhanced adenovirus replication and microRNA knockdown experiments. Sci. Rep. 3, 1363.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
American Counseling Association, 2015. The ACA Encyclopedia of Counseling. American Counseling Association, Alexandria, VA, USA.
An edited book
Pflug, G.C., 2014. Multistage Stochastic Optimization, Springer Series in Operations Research and Financial Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
García, M.G., 2014. Humans and the Humanities in the Market Era, in: Zepeda, K.P., Mayock, E. (Eds.), Forging a Rewarding Career in the Humanities: Advice for Academics. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 47–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. NASA Spots Giant Hole In The Sun - But What Does That Actually Mean? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Aircraft Noise At Memphis International Airport (No. RCED-97-37R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Michaels, J.L., 2009. Changing cooperation to competition disrupts attitudes and valence: First test of a dynamical model (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fausset, R., Blinder, A., Eligon, J., 2016. Blacks Beg to Differ With Trump’s Depiction. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willig, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Willig, 2011; Zaki and Mora, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zaki and Mora, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Rauschhuber et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Retailing and Consumer Services
AbbreviationJ. Retail. Consum. Serv.
ISSN (print)0969-6989

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