How to format your references using the Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pennisi, E., 2000. GENOMICS: Rat Genome Off to an Early Start. Science 289, 1267b–9b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abel, G.J., Sander, N., 2014. Quantifying global international migration flows. Science 343, 1520–1522.
A journal article with 3 authors
Telford, R.J., Vandvik, V., Birks, H.J.B., 2006. Dispersal limitations matter for microbial morphospecies. Science 312, 1015.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Moon, K.-W., Chun, B.S., Kim, W., Qiu, Z.Q., Hwang, C., 2014. Duffing oscillation-induced reversal of magnetic vortex core by a resonant perpendicular magnetic field. Sci. Rep. 4, 6170.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baker, H.K., English, P., 2011. Capital Budgeting Valuation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hippert, F., Geissler, E., Hodeau, J.L., Lelièvre-Berna, E., Regnard, J.-R. (Eds.), 2006. Neutron and X-ray Spectroscopy. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Davis, B., Iqbal, A.A., Funk, A., Tablan, V., Bontcheva, K., Cunningham, H., Handschuh, S., 2008. RoundTrip Ontology Authoring, in: Sheth, A., Staab, S., Dean, M., Paolucci, M., Maynard, D., Finin, T., Thirunarayan, K. (Eds.), The Semantic Web - ISWC 2008: 7th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2008, Karlsruhe, Germany, October 26-30, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 50–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Corals Eat By Stirring Up Turbulent Vortexes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1969. Practices Followed in Equipping Academic Facilities Constructed Under the Higher Education Facilities Act (No. 092710). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nattress, D.A., 2013. Benefits of single-gender education: Perceptions of middle grade teachers (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J., 2017. I Am Sorry for This Mess. New York Times SR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pennisi, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Abel and Sander, 2014; Pennisi, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abel and Sander, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Moon et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Retailing and Consumer Services
AbbreviationJ. Retail. Consum. Serv.
ISSN (print)0969-6989

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