How to format your references using the Frontiers in Plant Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Plant Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anderson, D. L. (2001). Geophysics. Top-down tectonics? Science 293, 2016–2018.
A journal article with 2 authors
Könneker, C., and Lugger, B. (2013). History of science. Public Science 2.0--back to the future. Science 342, 49–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duthie, C., Gibbs, G., and Burns, K. C. (2006). Seed dispersal by weta. Science 311, 1575.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rondeau, G., Sánchez-Bayo, F., Tennekes, H. A., Decourtye, A., Ramírez-Romero, R., and Desneux, N. (2014). Delayed and time-cumulative toxicity of imidacloprid in bees, ants and termites. Sci. Rep. 4, 5566.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Malley, C. (2014). Bonds Without Borders. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bähr, M. ed. (2006). Brain Repair. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Biscari, P., Ruggeri, T., Saccomandi, G., and Vianello, M. S. (2016). “Sistemi vincolati,” in Meccanica Razionale UNITEXT., eds. T. Ruggeri, G. Saccomandi, and M. S. Vianello (Milano: Springer), 49–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Plant Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Astronomers Have Spotted Something Very, Very Strange Surrounding A Distant Star. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986). Patent Policy: Department of Commerce Involvement in Department of Energy Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wizda, L. L. (2010). A case study of online peer coaching of consultant communication skill development.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2013). His Mission: Beat Swords Into Baubles. New York Times, E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anderson, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson, 2001; Könneker and Lugger, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Könneker and Lugger, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Rondeau et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Plant Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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