How to format your references using the Mineral Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mineral Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Newman M (2000) Applied mathematics. The power of design. Nature 405:412–413
A journal article with 2 authors
Tikku AA, Direen NG (2008) Comment on “Major Australian-Antarctic plate reorganization at Hawaiian-Emperor bend time.” Science 321:490; author reply 490
A journal article with 3 authors
Grima JN, Attard D, Gatt R (2011) Materials science. Unusual thermoelastic properties of methanol monohydrate. Science 331:687–688
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pasterkamp RJ, Peschon JJ, Spriggs MK, Kolodkin AL (2003) Semaphorin 7A promotes axon outgrowth through integrins and MAPKs. Nature 424:398–405

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joyner M (2009) Integration Marketing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Fernandez-Jalvo Y (2016) Atlas of Taphonomic Identifications: 1001+ Images of Fossil and Recent Mammal Bone Modification. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Tepper SJ, Tepper DE (2014) Diagnosis of Primary Chronic Daily Headaches. In: Tepper SJ, Tepper DE (eds) The Cleveland Clinic Manual of Headache Therapy: Second Edition. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 49–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mineral Economics.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) “Transformer” Water Fleas Can Grow Armor And Weapons For Specific Predators. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Highways: How State Agencies Adopt New Pavement Technologies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krishna V (2008) Exploring organizational commitment from an organizational perspective: Organizational learning as a determinant of affective commitment in Indian software firms. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) Saudi Team Is Opened to Women. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Newman 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Newman 2000; Tikku and Direen 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tikku and Direen 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Pasterkamp et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleMineral Economics
AbbreviationMiner. Econ.
ISSN (print)2191-2203
ISSN (online)2191-2211
ScopeEconomic Geology
Geography, Planning and Development

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