How to format your references using the Mineral Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mineral Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxted PFL (2006) Astronomy. A ghostly star revealed in silhouette. Science 314:1550–1551
A journal article with 2 authors
Collins FS, Manolio TA (2007) Merging and emerging cohorts: necessary but not sufficient. Nature 445:259
A journal article with 3 authors
Booker JR, Favetto A, Pomposiello MC (2004) Low electrical resistivity associated with plunging of the Nazca flat slab beneath Argentina. Nature 429:399–403
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Timpson N, Heron J, Smith GD, Enard W (2007) Comment on papers by Evans et al. and Mekel-Bobrov et al. on Evidence for Positive Selection of MCPH1 and ASPM. Science 317:1036; author reply 1036

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abner DJ (2010) The ETF Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Heuberger PSC, Hof PMJVD, Wahlberg B (eds) (2005) Modelling and Identification with Rational Orthogonal Basis Functions. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Hall CR (2015) Pathology of Radiation Effects on Healthy Tissues in the Pelvis. In: Ehrenpreis ED, Marsh R de W, Small W Jr (eds) Radiation Therapy for Pelvic Malignancy and its Consequences. Springer, New York, NY, pp 79–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mineral Economics.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Cell Structure Has A Similar Shape To Matter In Neutron Stars. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) Deaf Education: The National Mission of Gallaudet’s Elementary and Secondary Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thiss PJ (2009) Effects of dedicated academic support services on the persistence rates of California Community College student-athletes. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2016) Verdi’s Requiem, in All Its Theatricality and Resonance. New York Times C4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maxted 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Maxted 2006; Collins and Manolio 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Collins and Manolio 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Timpson et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMineral Economics
AbbreviationMiner. Econ.
ISSN (print)2191-2203
ISSN (online)2191-2211
ScopeEconomic Geology
Geography, Planning and Development

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