How to format your references using the Mineral Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mineral Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Potocnik J (2007) Renewable energy sources and the realities of setting an energy agenda. Science 315:810–811
A journal article with 2 authors
Duman RS, Aghajanian GK (2012) Synaptic dysfunction in depression: potential therapeutic targets. Science 338:68–72
A journal article with 3 authors
Duijn PAC, Kashirin V, Sloot PMA (2014) The relative ineffectiveness of criminal network disruption. Sci Rep 4:4238
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Forouhar AS, Liebling M, Hickerson A, et al (2006) The embryonic vertebrate heart tube is a dynamic suction pump. Science 312:751–753

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schumacher L (2011) Divine Illumination. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Biollay Y (2007) Matematica si parte!: Nozioni di base ed esercizi per il primo anno di Ingegneria. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Neiderhiser JM (2011) Gene–Environment Interplay Helps to Explain Influences of Family Relationships on Adolescent Adjustment and Development. In: Booth A, McHale SM, Landale NS (eds) Biosocial Foundations of Family Processes. Springer, New York, NY, pp 71–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mineral Economics.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Three New Species Of “Dwarf Dragons” Discovered In South America. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Education and Care: Early Childhood Programs and Services for Low-Income Families. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams EC (2012) Smart Packaging: A Novel Technique For Localized Drug Delivery For Ovarian Cancer. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis J (2017) Academy Eases the Angst of Adolescent Refugees. New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Potocnik 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Potocnik 2007; Duman and Aghajanian 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Duman and Aghajanian 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Forouhar et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMineral Economics
AbbreviationMiner. Econ.
ISSN (print)2191-2203
ISSN (online)2191-2211
ScopeEconomic Geology
Geography, Planning and Development

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