How to format your references using the Nutrition Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fortey R. Evolution. The Cambrian explosion exploded? Science 2001;293:438–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hector A, Hooper R. Ecology. Darwin and the first ecological experiment. Science 2002;295:639–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Regan CK, Craig SL, Brauman JI. Steric effects and solvent effects in ionic reactions. Science 2002;295:2245–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bolotin KI, Ghahari F, Shulman MD, Stormer HL, Kim P. Observation of the fractional quantum Hall effect in graphene. Nature 2009;462:196–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Budisa N. Engineering the Genetic Code. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
Godbole P, Wilcox DT, Koyle MA, editors. Consent in Pediatric Urology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Bosse S. Design and Simulation of a Low-Resource Processing Platform for Mobile Multi-agent Systems in Distributed Heterogeneous Networks. In: Duval B, van den Herik J, Loiseau S, Filipe J, editors. Agents and Artificial Intelligence: 6th International Conference, ICAART 2014, Angers, France, March 6-8, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 63–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition Research.

Blog post
Davis J. Researchers Trick Migrating Song Birds By Altering The Magnetic Field They’re Exposed To. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intermodal Transportation: A Variety of Factors Influence Airport-Intercity Passenger Rail Connectivity. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Friedman DE. Characterization of Organic Matter in Suspended Sediments Via Pyrolysis and Oxidation. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Wilmore Signs Deal With ABC Studios. New York Times 2016:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition Research
AbbreviationNutr. Res.
ISSN (print)0271-5317
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

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