How to format your references using the Transportation Research Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Medzhitov, R., 2007. Recognition of microorganisms and activation of the immune response. Nature 449, 819–826.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brivanlou, A.H., Darnell, J.E., Jr, 2002. Signal transduction and the control of gene expression. Science 295, 813–818.
A journal article with 3 authors
Panáková, D., Werdich, A.A., Macrae, C.A., 2010. Wnt11 patterns a myocardial electrical gradient through regulation of the L-type Ca(2+) channel. Nature 466, 874–878.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jewell, J., McCollum, D., Emmerling, J., Bertram, C., Gernaat, D.E.H.J., Krey, V., Paroussos, L., Berger, L., Fragkiadakis, K., Keppo, I., Saadi, N., Tavoni, M., van Vuuren, D., Vinichenko, V., Riahi, K., 2018. Limited emission reductions from fuel subsidy removal except in energy-exporting regions. Nature 554, 229–233.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vincoli, J.W., 2014. Basic Guide to System Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Picardo, M., Taïeb, A. (Eds.), 2010. Vitiligo. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Astudillo, C.A., Oommen, B.J., 2014. Fast BMU Search in SOMs Using Random Hyperplane Trees, in: Pham, D.-N., Park, S.-B. (Eds.), PRICAI 2014: Trends in Artificial Intelligence: 13th Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia, December 1-5, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 39–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Procedia.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. New Potential Driver Of Alzheimer’s Discovered [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Spectrum Management: NTIA Planning and Processes Need Strengthening to Promote the Efficient Use of Spectrum by Federal Agencies (No. GAO-11-352). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez Gamez, L.I., 2012. New perspectives on the spatial analysis of urban employment distribution and commuting patterns: The cases of Hermosillo and Ciudad Obregon, Mexico (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, K., Pilon, M., 2012. Track Town USA and Meet It Wants to Keep. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Medzhitov, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Brivanlou and Darnell, 2002; Medzhitov, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brivanlou and Darnell, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Jewell et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Procedia
ISSN (print)2352-1465

Other styles