How to format your references using the Transportation Research Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sykes, M.V., 2008. Planetary science. The planet debate continues. Science 319, 1765.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fields, S., Johnston, M., 2005. Cell biology. Whither model organism research? Science 307, 1885–1886.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grenier, M.B., McDonald, D.B., Buskirk, S.W., 2007. Rapid population growth of a critically endangered carnivore. Science 317, 779.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gossa, S., Nayak, D., Zinselmeyer, B.H., McGavern, D.B., 2014. Development of an immunologically tolerated combination of fluorescent proteins for in vivo two-photon imaging. Sci. Rep. 4, 6664.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Landa, R., 2016. Advertising by Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Baumeister, H., Marchesi, M., Holcombe, M. (Eds.), 2005. Extreme Programming and Agile Processes in Software Engineering: 6th International Conference, XP 2005, Sheffield, UK, June 18-23, 2005. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sundaram, B.M., Tippur, H.V., 2016. Dynamic Crack Propagation in Layered Transparent Materials Studied Using Digital Gradient Sensing Method: Part-II, in: Song, B., Lamberson, L., Casem, D., Kimberley, J. (Eds.), Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Volume 1: Proceedings of the 2015 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 25–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Procedia.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. The Black Death May Have Improved Health [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Nanotechnology: Improved Performance Information Needed for Environmental, Health, and Safety Research (No. GAO-12-427). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simon-Owens, N.L., 2010. Southern Virginia Higher Education Center: An exploration of factors affecting organizational leadership (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2017. Searching for the Mainstream. New York Times A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sykes, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Fields and Johnston, 2005; Sykes, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fields and Johnston, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Gossa et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Procedia
ISSN (print)2352-1465

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