How to format your references using the Transportation Research Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Musacchio, A., 2010. Molecular biology. Surfing chromosomes (and Survivin). Science 330, 183–184.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greenwood, B., Mutabingwa, T., 2002. Malaria in 2002. Nature 415, 670–672.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bode, F., Sachs, F., Franz, M.R., 2001. Tarantula peptide inhibits atrial fibrillation. Nature 409, 35–36.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Song, Haijun, Wignall, P.B., Chu, D., Tong, J., Sun, Y., Song, Huyue, He, W., Tian, L., 2014. Anoxia/high temperature double whammy during the Permian-Triassic marine crisis and its aftermath. Sci. Rep. 4, 4132.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clarke, A., Thompson, A., Jenkinson, E., Rumsey, N., Newell, R., 2013. CBT for Appearance Anxiety. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Alkassar, A., Volkamer, M. (Eds.), 2007. E-Voting and Identity: First International Conference, VOTE-ID 2007, Bochum, Germany, October 4-5, 2007, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Baquero Cruz, J., 2011. The Case Law of the European Court of Justice on the Mobility of Patients: An Assessment, in: Gronden, J.W. van de, Szyszczak, E., Neergaard, U., Krajewski, M. (Eds.), Health Care and EU Law. T. M. C. Asser Press, The Hague, The Netherlands, pp. 79–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Procedia.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Monkeys In South America Are Almost All Colour Blind And No One Knows Why [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Digital Television Transition: GAO DTV Broadcaster Survey (GAO-08-528SP, April 2008), an E-supplement to GAO-08-510 (No. GAO-08-528SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
MacKinder, M., 2010. Max the Knife, Salesman (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Becker, J.O., Apuzzo, M., Goldman, A., 2017. Trump Team Met Russian Offering Dirt on Clinton. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Musacchio, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Greenwood and Mutabingwa, 2002; Musacchio, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greenwood and Mutabingwa, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Song et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Procedia
ISSN (print)2352-1465

Other styles