How to format your references using the Transportation Research Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hill, M., 2015. Perspective: Be clear about the real risks. Nature 525, S14.
A journal article with 2 authors
Holme, P., Liljeros, F., 2014. Birth and death of links control disease spreading in empirical contact networks. Sci. Rep. 4, 4999.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schön, J.H., Kloc, C., Batlogg, B., 2000. Superconductivity at 52 K in hole-doped C60. Nature 408, 549–552.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Baumberger, F., Auwärter, W., Greber, T., Osterwalder, J., 2004. Electron coherence in a melting lead monolayer. Science 306, 2221–2224.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pelz, G., 2005. Mechatronic Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Wagner, I., Bratteteig, T., Stuedahl, D. (Eds.), 2010. Exploring Digital Design: Multi-Disciplinary Design Practices, Computer Supported Cooperative Work. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Brown, N., Van Thiel, G.S., Cole, B.J., 2014. Cartilage Restoration in the Patellofemoral Joint, in: West, R.V., Colvin, A.C. (Eds.), The Patellofemoral Joint in the Athlete. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 77–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Procedia.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Autistic Kids Low On Vital Social Hormone, Study Suggests [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Public Transportation: Requirements for Smaller Capital Projects Generally Seen as Less Burdensome (No. GAO-11-778). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ko, T.-C.T., 2008. The ALISA delta(CRC) classifier for natural surfaces: Viewpoint-invariant and illumination-invariant classification of natural surfaces using general-purpose color and texture features with the ALISA delta(CRC) classifier (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sengupta, S., Eddy, M., Buckley, C., Rubin, A.J., 2017. Defiant Other Countries Reaffirm Fight Against Climate Change. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hill, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hill, 2015; Holme and Liljeros, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Holme and Liljeros, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Baumberger et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Procedia
ISSN (print)2352-1465

Other styles