How to format your references using the Transportation Research Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coleman, P., 2010. Physics. The lowdown on heavy fermions. Science 327, 969–970.
A journal article with 2 authors
Halliday, A.N., Wood, B.J., 2009. Geophysics. How did Earth accrete? Science 325, 44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
McSween, H.Y., Jr, Taylor, G.J., Wyatt, M.B., 2009. Elemental composition of the Martian crust. Science 324, 736–739.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Keung, A.J., Dong, M., Schaffer, D.V., Kumar, S., 2013. Pan-neuronal maturation but not neuronal subtype differentiation of adult neural stem cells is mechanosensitive. Sci. Rep. 3, 1817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lu, K., 2014. Materials in Energy Conversion, Harvesting, and Storage. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Zutshi, M. (Ed.), 2016. Anorectal Disease: Contemporary Management. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Chin, F.Y.L., Fu, B., Jiang, M., Ting, H.-F., Zhang, Y., 2014. Competitive Algorithms for Unbounded One-Way Trading, in: Gu, Q., Hell, P., Yang, B. (Eds.), Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: 10th International Conference, AAIM 2014, Vancouver, BC, Canada, July 8-11, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 32–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Procedia.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. No, There Was No Special Facebook Live Feed From The ISS Today [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Airport Development Needs: Estimating Future Costs (No. RCED-97-99). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wright, N.C., 2010. The association between rheumatoid arthritis, bone strength, and body composition within the women’s health initiative (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. A Gifted Talker Is Speaking Out. New York Times SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coleman, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Coleman, 2010; Halliday and Wood, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Halliday and Wood, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Keung et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Procedia
ISSN (print)2352-1465

Other styles