How to format your references using the Transportation Research Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cassman, M., 2003. Computational biology. Counting on the neuron. Science 300, 756–757.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thrall, P.H., Burdon, J.J., 2003. Evolution of virulence in a plant host-pathogen metapopulation. Science 299, 1735–1737.
A journal article with 3 authors
Basu, P., Qiu, J., Powell, K., 2008. Making a difference. Nature 455, 1002–1003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sur, B., Rogge, R.B., Hammond, R.P., Anghel, V.N., Katsaras, J., 2001. Atomic structure holography using thermal neutrons. Nature 414, 525–527.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lindl, T., Steubing, R., 2013. Atlas of Living Cell Cultures. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Barceló, J. (Ed.), 2010. Fundamentals of Traffic Simulation, International Series in Operations Research & Management Science. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Marques de Sá, J.P., 2007. Parametric Tests of Hypotheses, in: Marques de Sá, J.P. (Ed.), Applied Statistics Using SPSS, STATISTICA, MATLAB and R. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 111–169.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Procedia.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Dehorning Rhinos: Why There May Be A Case For Doing It [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. NASA: Lack of Disciplined Cost-Estimating Processes Hinders Effective Program Management (No. GAO-04-642). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amodeo, G.A., 2009. Structural and biochemical characterization of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae AMPK homolog SNF1 (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. Arizona’s Strict Approach to Insanity Defenses Gets a Hearing Before the Supreme Court. New York Times A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cassman, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Cassman, 2003; Thrall and Burdon, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thrall and Burdon, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Sur et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Procedia
ISSN (print)2352-1465

Other styles