How to format your references using the Nutrition Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lerner RA. Retrospective. R. Bruce Merrifield (1921-2006). Science. 2006;313:57.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Russell DG, Nathan CF. Perspective: Graduation time. Nature. 2013;502:S7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rankenburg K, Brandon AD, Neal CR. Neodymium isotope evidence for a chondritic composition of the Moon. Science. 2006;312:1369–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kraft ML, Weber PK, Longo ML, Hutcheon ID, Boxer SG. Phase separation of lipid membranes analyzed with high-resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry. Science. 2006;313:1948–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wen S, Huang P. Principles of Tribology. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.; 2017.
An edited book
1. Jones JS, editor. Prostate Cancer Diagnosis: PSA, Biopsy and Beyond. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kleinbaum DG, Klein M. Maximum Likelihood Techniques: An Overview. In: Klein M, editor. Logistic Regression: A Self-Learning Text. New York, NY: Springer; 2010. p. 103–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition Journal.

Blog post
1. Fang J. How Neanderthal DNA Affects Your Genome [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Evaluation of NASA Comments on Consolidated Space Operations Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Aug. Report No.: MASAD-82-43.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Burg CA. Faculty perspectives on doctoral student mentoring: The mentor’s odyssey [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Itzkoff D, Bai M, Spitznagel E, Hodgman J, Henig S, Reeves H, et al. The One-Page Magazine. New York Times. 2012 Sep 23;MM11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition Journal
AbbreviationNutr. J.
ISSN (online)1475-2891
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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