How to format your references using the Nutrition Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Meyer MN. Misjudgements will drive social trials underground. Nature. 2014;511:265.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nijhout HF, Grunert LW. The cellular and physiological mechanism of wing-body scaling in Manduca sexta. Science. 2010;330:1693–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Norell MA, Makovicky PJ, Currie PJ. Palaeontology. The beaks of ostrich dinosaurs. Nature. 2001;412:873–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kelley SP, Dunlop JI, Kirkness EF, Lambert JJ, Peters JA. A cytoplasmic region determines single-channel conductance in 5-HT3 receptors. Nature. 2003;424:321–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Robinson TR. Genetics for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Luo Y, editor. Cooperative Design, Visualization, and Engineering: 12th International Conference, CDVE 2015, Mallorca, Spain, September 20-23, 2015. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hörmann G, Herbst M, Eschenbach C. Water Relations at Different Scales. In: Fränzle O, Kappen L, Blume H-P, Dierssen K, editors. Ecosystem Organization of a Complex Landscape: Long-Term Research in the Bornhöved Lake District, Germany. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 101–17.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition Journal.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientist Spotlight: In Memoriam 2013 [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientist-spotlight-memoriam-2013/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Light Truck Average Fuel Economy Standard, Model Year 1999. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Apr. Report No.: OGC-97-36.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Reich LM. Adapted physical education teachers’ attitudes towards their students with hidden and visible disabilities [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Cooper M. A Toothy Strongman Gets a Role at the Met Opera. New York Times. 2017 May 19;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition Journal
AbbreviationNutr. J.
ISSN (online)1475-2891
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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