How to format your references using the Nutrition Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Corbyn Z. Statistics: a growing global burden. Nature. 2014;510:S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kuper R, Kröpelin S. Climate-controlled Holocene occupation in the Sahara: motor of Africa’s evolution. Science. 2006;313:803–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Scaffidi P, Misteli T, Bianchi ME. Release of chromatin protein HMGB1 by necrotic cells triggers inflammation. Nature. 2002;418:191–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Su C-Y, Luo D-G, Terakita A, Shichida Y, Liao H-W, Kazmi MA, et al. Parietal-eye phototransduction components and their potential evolutionary implications. Science. 2006;311:1617–21.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lader EW. Field Guide to the Arrhythmias. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Zhu X, Zeichner K, editors. Preparing Teachers for the 21st Century. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cao X-A. Green Nitride LEDs. In: Pearton S, editor. GaN and ZnO-based Materials and Devices. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 121–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition Journal.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Missing “Galactic Dinosaurs” Found Hiding In Plain Sight [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/missing-galatic-dinosaurs-found-hiding-plain-sight/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Many Management Successes at WMATA, but Capital Planning Could Be Enhanced. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Jul. Report No.: GAO-01-744.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Sindel KD. Can experiential education strategies improve elementary science teachers’ perceptions of and practices in science teaching? [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L. LIPA Kills Wind Farm Off Jones Beach. New York Times. 2007 Aug 26;LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition Journal
AbbreviationNutr. J.
ISSN (online)1475-2891
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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