How to format your references using the Nutrition Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gershon D. Silicon dreams in the biology lab. Nature. 2002;417:4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Partida-Martinez LP, Hertweck C. Pathogenic fungus harbours endosymbiotic bacteria for toxin production. Nature. 2005;437:884–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Denning DP, Hatch V, Horvitz HR. Programmed elimination of cells by caspase-independent cell extrusion in C. elegans. Nature. 2012;488:226–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Gedik N, Orenstein J, Liang R, Bonn DA, Hardy WN. Diffusion of nonequilibrium quasi-particles in a cuprate superconductor. Science. 2003;300:1410–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hunt PJ, Kennedy JE. Financial Derivatives in Theory and Practice: Hunt/Financial Derivatives. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Khamashta MA. Antiphospholipid Syndrome Handbook. Bertolaccini ML, Ateka-Barrutia O, editors. London: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sakurai S. Plantation Forestry in the Tropics. In: Suzuki K, Ishii K, Sakurai S, Sasaki S, editors. Plantation Technology in Tropical Forest Science. Tokyo: Springer; 2006. p. 53–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition Journal.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Virtual Maze Test Predicts Likelihood Of Getting Alzheimer’s Disease. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Flexible Funding Continues to Play a Role in Supporting State and Local Transportation Priorities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Nov. Report No.: GAO-13-19R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Poudyal Kharel A. Pyrolysis Studies of Copper and Copper Phosphate Mixtures on a Tungsten Surface [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. Hermitage Museum Anniversary Plans. New York Times. 2014 Dec 8;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition Journal
AbbreviationNutr. J.
ISSN (online)1475-2891
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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