How to format your references using the Annales de Pathologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annales de Pathologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stone EC. Planetary science. News from the edge of interstellar space. Science 2001;293:55–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murry CE, Lee RT. Development biology. Turnover after the fallout. Science 2009;324:47–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parker HJ, Bronner ME, Krumlauf R. A Hox regulatory network of hindbrain segmentation is conserved to the base of vertebrates. Nature 2014;514:490–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee JG, McIlvain BJ, Lobb CJ, Hill WT 3rd. Analogs of basic electronic circuit elements in a free-space atom chip. Sci Rep 2013;3:1034.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rounds J, Segner R. Construction Supervision. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Goldsmith D, Covic A, Spaak J, editors. Cardio-Renal Clinical Challenges. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Pohl K-H. “Immanent Transcendence” in the Chinese Tradition: Remarks on a Chinese (and Sinological) Controversy. In: Brown N, Franke W, editors. Transcendence, Immanence, and Intercultural Philosophy, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 103–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annales de Pathologie.

Blog post
Andrew E. Densely Populated Countries Could Find Food Independence With Vertical Floating Farms. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Issues Associated with Midterm Implementation of Capabilities and Full System Transformation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tanner-Anderson SL. “The Road Less Traveled”: The Female’s Journey to the State Superintendency. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kimmelman M. Brexit Clouds New Subway’s Promise. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnales de Pathologie
AbbreviationAnn. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0242-6498
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles