How to format your references using the Spanish Journal of Marketing - ESIC citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Spanish Journal of Marketing - ESIC. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vahala, K. J. (2003). Optical microcavities. Nature, 424(6950), 839–846.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wynia, M. K., & Gostin, L. (2002). Medicine. The bioterrorist threat and access to health care. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5573), 1613.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowak, M. A., Plotkin, J. B., & Jansen, V. A. (2000). The evolution of syntactic communication. Nature, 404(6777), 495–498.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Slota, M., Keerthi, A., Myers, W. K., Tretyakov, E., Baumgarten, M., Ardavan, A., … Bogani, L. (2018). Magnetic edge states and coherent manipulation of graphene nanoribbons. Nature, 557(7707), 691–695.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Braha, A., & Groza, G. (2006). Moderne Abwassertechnik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Ewing, R. (2013). Measuring Urban Design: Metrics for Livable Places. (O. Clemente, K. M. Neckerman, M. Purciel-Hill, J. W. Quinn, & A. Rundle, Eds.). Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics.
A chapter in an edited book
Pellens, B., Kleinermann, F., De Troyer, O., & Bille, W. (2006). Model-Based Design of Virtual Environment Behavior. In H. Zha, Z. Pan, H. Thwaites, A. C. Addison, & M. Forte (Eds.), Interactive Technologies and Sociotechnical Systems: 12th International Conference, VSMM 2006, Xi’an, China, October 18-20, 2006. Proceedings (pp. 29–39). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Spanish Journal of Marketing - ESIC.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 17). No, Chocolate Probably Won’t Protect You From Heart Disease and Stroke. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Medicaid: Intergovernmental Transfers Have Facilitated State Financing Schemes (No. GAO-04-574T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bagley, C. R. (2010). Pint-sized spectacles: American youth beauty queens and the power(ful) dynamic of the institutionalized pageant (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2016, November 30). Books by Clare Beams, Hans Herbert Grimm, April Ayers Lawson and Kelly Luce. New York Times, p. C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baveye, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bréon, 2006; Browse, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wynia & Gostin, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Nowak, Plotkin, & Jansen, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Radic et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSpanish Journal of Marketing - ESIC
ISSN (print)2444-9695

Other styles