How to format your references using the Spanish Journal of Marketing - ESIC citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Spanish Journal of Marketing - ESIC. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dance, A. (2015). Neuroscience: Connectomes make the map. Nature, 526(7571), 147–149.
A journal article with 2 authors
Best, R. B., & Hummer, G. (2009). Biochemistry. Unfolding the secrets of calmodulin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5914), 593–594.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hejazi, V., Sobolev, K., & Nosonovsky, M. (2013). From superhydrophobicity to icephobicity: forces and interaction analysis. Scientific Reports, 3, 2194.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, X., Ren, X., Kahen, K., Hahn, M. A., Rajeswaran, M., Maccagnano-Zacher, S., Silcox, J., Cragg, G. E., Efros, A. L., & Krauss, T. D. (2009). Non-blinking semiconductor nanocrystals. Nature, 459(7247), 686–689.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lader, E. W. (2013). Field Guide to the Arrhythmias. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Attal, S., Joye, A., & Pillet, C.-A. (Eds.). (2006). Open Quantum Systems I: The Hamiltonian Approach (Vol. 1880). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Muntwyler, S. D., Beyeler, F., & Nelson, B. J. (2011). Microforce-Sensing Tools and Methodologies for Micromechanical Metrology. In C. Clévy, M. Rakotondrabe, & N. Chaillet (Eds.), Signal Measurement and Estimation Techniques for Micro and Nanotechnology (pp. 93–131). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Spanish Journal of Marketing - ESIC.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 23). Long Term Memories May Not Be Stored In Synapses Afterall. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). International Broadcasting: Construction of U.S. Radio Relay Station in Israel (NSIAD-90-123FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gates, D. A. (2017). Best Practices and Strategies for Financial Literacy in Faith-Based Organizations [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris, G., Schwartz, J., Calmes, J., & Martin, J. (2016, December 1). Donald Trump Holds ‘Thank You’ Rally in Cincinnati, and Announces His Pick for Defense Secretary. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dance, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Best & Hummer, 2009; Dance, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Best & Hummer, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Hejazi et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleSpanish Journal of Marketing - ESIC
ISSN (print)2444-9695

Other styles