How to format your references using the Spanish Journal of Marketing - ESIC citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Spanish Journal of Marketing - ESIC. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mueller, K. (2013). Inflammation. Inflammation’s yin-yang. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6116), 155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Acemoglu, D., & Robinson, J. (2009). Economics. Foundations of societal inequality. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5953), 678–679.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levine, D. I., Toffel, M. W., & Johnson, M. S. (2012). Randomized government safety inspections reduce worker injuries with no detectable job loss. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6083), 907–911.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Heller, D. A., Jeng, E. S., Yeung, T.-K., Martinez, B. M., Moll, A. E., Gastala, J. B., & Strano, M. S. (2006). Optical detection of DNA conformational polymorphism on single-walled carbon nanotubes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5760), 508–511.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gallant, B. J. (2006). Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ng, W.-K., Kitsuregawa, M., Li, J., & Chang, K. (Eds.). (2006). Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 10th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2006, Singapore, April 9-12, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Salem, M. B., Hershkop, S., & Stolfo, S. J. (2008). A Survey of Insider Attack Detection Research. In S. J. Stolfo, S. M. Bellovin, A. D. Keromytis, S. Hershkop, S. W. Smith, & S. Sinclair (Eds.), Insider Attack and Cyber Security: Beyond the Hacker (pp. 69–90). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Spanish Journal of Marketing - ESIC.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, January 4). This Is How Often Iceland Will Cover Europe In A Volcanic Ash Cloud. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Administration of the Head Start Program by the Mountain Community Action Program, Inc (No. B-164031(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lurz, J. P. (2019). Using Simplified Models and Limited-Horizon Planning to React to Time-Critical Problems (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Turkewitz, J., Stolberg, S. G., Eligon, J., & Blinder, A. (2017, June 17). Before the Gunfire in Virginia, A Volatile Home Life in Illinois. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mueller, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Acemoglu & Robinson, 2009; Mueller, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Acemoglu & Robinson, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Levine, Toffel, & Johnson, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Heller et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleSpanish Journal of Marketing - ESIC
ISSN (print)2444-9695

Other styles