How to format your references using the Spanish Journal of Marketing - ESIC citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Spanish Journal of Marketing - ESIC. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roccanova, L. (2000). Ph.D.’s as Science Teachers: Notes from the Field. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5494), 1098a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kanematsu, Y., & Takahashi, K. (2007). Employing Japan’s postdocs. Nature, 447(7147), 1028.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sánchez, I., Mahlke, C., & Yuan, J. (2003). Pivotal role of oligomerization in expanded polyglutamine neurodegenerative disorders. Nature, 421(6921), 373–379.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, Z., Shen, J., Wang, H., Liu, M., Wu, L., Ping, F., He, Q., Li, H., Zheng, C., & Xu, X. (2014). Attenuation of veterinary antibiotics in full-scale vermicomposting of swine manure via the housefly larvae (Musca domestica). Scientific Reports, 4, 6844.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zecchina, A., & Califano, S. (2017). The Development of Catalysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kenesei, T. (2015). Interpretability of Computational Intelligence-Based Regression Models (J. Abonyi, Ed.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sen, S., Chakraborty, R., & De, B. (2016). Pregnancy and Diabetes. In R. Chakraborty & B. De (Eds.), Diabetes Mellitus in 21st Century (pp. 35–44). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Spanish Journal of Marketing - ESIC.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, September 2). Coral Reefs Need Cleaning Too. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Aviation Safety: Weaknesses in Inspection and Enforcement Limit FAA in Identifying and Responding to Risks (RCED-98-6). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark, K. N. (2012). Institutions and Self-Governing Social Systems: Linking Reflexivity and Institutional Theories for Cybersecurity and Other Commons Governance Policies [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S. (2017, June 9). A Dramatist as Dungeon Master. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roccanova, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kanematsu & Takahashi, 2007; Roccanova, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kanematsu & Takahashi, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Sánchez et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSpanish Journal of Marketing - ESIC
ISSN (print)2444-9695

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