How to format your references using the Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Jungkind D. Tech.Sight. Molecular testing for infectious disease. Science 2001;294:1553–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ishikawa H, Barber GN. STING is an endoplasmic reticulum adaptor that facilitates innate immune signalling. Nature 2008;455:674–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Medina PP, Nolde M, Slack FJ. OncomiR addiction in an in vivo model of microRNA-21-induced pre-B-cell lymphoma. Nature 2010;467:86–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
McCarroll L, Paton MG, Karunaratne SH, Jayasuryia HT, Kalpage KS, Hemingway J. Insecticides and mosquito-borne disease. Nature 2000;407:961–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Saghyan AS, Langer P. Asymmetric Synthesis of Non&;#x02010;Proteinogenic Amino Acids. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley&;#x02010;VCH Verlag GmbH &;#38; Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Qi J, Evered KT, editors. Environmental Problems of Central Asia and their Economic, Social and Security Impacts. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Schulze H, Semeniak D, Balduini A. Impact of the Megakaryocytic Vascular Niche on Platelet Biogenesis. In: Schulze H, Italiano J, editors. Molecular and Cellular Biology of Platelet Formation: Implications in Health and Disease, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 93–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. “Chemical Gardens” On The Seafloor May Have Provided The Spark For Life On Earth. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/chemical-gardens-sea-floor-may-have-provided-spark-life-earth/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Trust Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Brown ER. Comparison of instructional techniques of high school economics teachers in Georgia and Shenzhen, China. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Williams J. Celebrating Two Centuries of Thoreau. New York Times 2017:BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition
AbbreviationNutrition
ISSN (print)0899-9007
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

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