How to format your references using the Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Sargent P. Too many memories. Nature 2000;408:525.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Meacham CE, Morrison SJ. Tumour heterogeneity and cancer cell plasticity. Nature 2013;501:328–37.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Renata H, Zhou Q, Baran PS. Strategic redox relay enables a scalable synthesis of ouabagenin, a bioactive cardenolide. Science 2013;339:59–63.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Han H-J, Russo J, Kohwi Y, Kohwi-Shigematsu T. SATB1 reprogrammes gene expression to promote breast tumour growth and metastasis. Nature 2008;452:187–93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Joyce PM, Lipton D. Lamentations Through the Centuries. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Scharfetter H, Merwa R, editors. 13th International Conference on Electrical Bioimpedance and the 8th Conference on Electrical Impedance Tomography: ICEBI 2007, August 29th - September 2nd 2007, Graz, Austria. vol. 17. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Moiseeva O, Ferbeyre G. Oncogene-Induced Senescence: Role of Mitochondrial Dysfunction. In: Hayat MA, editor. Tumor Dormancy, Quiescence, and Senescence, Volume 2: Aging, Cancer, and Noncancer Pathologies, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 45–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. What If Intelligent Machines Could Learn From Each Other? IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/what-if-intelligent-machines-could-learn-from-each-other/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: TSA Has Strengthened Efforts to Plan for the Optimal Deployment of Checked Baggage Screening Systems, but Funding Uncertainties Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Remon G. Not Here Not Now. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Talmadge C. A Military Budget Without a Plan. New York Times 2017:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition
AbbreviationNutrition
ISSN (print)0899-9007
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

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