How to format your references using the Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giessibl FJ. Chemistry. Seeing the reaction. Science 2013;340:1417–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xiong W, Ferrell JE Jr. A positive-feedback-based bistable “memory module” that governs a cell fate decision. Nature 2003;426:460–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jin Z, Li P, Xiao D. Enhanced electrocatalytic performance for oxygen reduction via active interfaces of layer-by-layered titanium nitride/titanium carbonitride structures. Sci Rep 2014;4:6712.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Choi J-H, Ryu W-H, Park K, Jo J-D, Jo S-M, Lim D-S, et al. Multi-layer electrode with nano-Li4Ti5O12 aggregates sandwiched between carbon nanotube and graphene networks for high power Li-ion batteries. Sci Rep 2014;4:7334.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kukushkin A. Radio Wave Propagation in the Marine Boundary Layer. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
Gao X, Müller H, Loomes MJ, Comley R, Luo S, editors. Medical Imaging and Informatics: 2nd International Conference, MIMI 2007, Beijing, China, August 14-16, 2007 Revised Selected Papers. vol. 4987. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
McKendry C. Environmental Discourse and Economic Growth in the Greening of Postindustrial Cities. In: Simpson R, Zimmermann M, editors. The Economy of Green Cities: A World Compendium on the Green Urban Economy, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013, p. 23–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition.

Blog post
Fang J. Europa’s Giant Geysers Disappear. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Public-Private Competitions: Access to Records Is Inhibiting Work on Congressional Mandates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gobas M. Affiliate users policy: Solution to multiple ball field users in the city of Artesia. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. The 400: Aching to Win. New York Times 2012:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition
ISSN (print)0899-9007
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

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