How to format your references using the Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schlichting, I. (2015). “Structural biology: Photosynthetic complex in close-up.” Nature, 517(7532), 26–27.
A journal article with 2 authors
Quist, D., and Chapela, I. H. (2001). “Transgenic DNA introgressed into traditional maize landraces in Oaxaca, Mexico.” Nature, 414(6863), 541–543.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taniguchi, H., Lu, J., and Huang, Z. J. (2013). “The spatial and temporal origin of chandelier cells in mouse neocortex.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6115), 70–74.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dawson, M. R., Duda, D. G., Fukumura, D., and Jain, R. K. (2009). “VEGFR1-activity-independent metastasis formation.” Nature, 461(7262), E4; discussion E5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gaisford, S., and Saunders, M. (2012). Essentials of Pharmaceutical Preformulation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Giga, M.-H. (2010). Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations: Asymptotic Behavior of Solutions and Self-Similar Solutions. Progress in Nonlinear Differential Equations and Their Applications, (Y. Giga and J. Saal, eds.), Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Wiederhold, B. K., and Bouchard, S. (2014). “Fear of Flying (Aviophobia): Efficacy and Methodological Lessons Learned from Outcome Trials.” Advances in Virtual Reality and Anxiety Disorders, S. Bouchard, ed., Springer US, Boston, MA, 65–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). “A Ghost Chili Pepper Gives Man A Hole In His Esophagus.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Highway Safety: Further Opportunities Exist to Improve Data on Crashes Involving Commercial Motor Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tom, D. M. (2012). “Impact on achievement with ST math after school instruction.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L. F. (2008). “‘Traffic Calming’ Theory Can Provoke a Storm.” New York Times, LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schlichting 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Quist and Chapela 2001; Schlichting 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Quist and Chapela 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Dawson et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics
AbbreviationJ. Nanomech. Micromech.
ISSN (print)2153-5434
ISSN (online)2153-5477
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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