How to format your references using the Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mantovani, A. 2000. “Investigating T-cell memory.” Nature, 407 (6800): 40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hogue, T. S., and S. Pincetl. 2015. “WATER CONSERVATION. Are you watering your lawn?” Science, 348 (6241): 1319–1320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wood, Z. A., L. B. Poole, and P. A. Karplus. 2003. “Peroxiredoxin evolution and the regulation of hydrogen peroxide signaling.” Science, 300 (5619): 650–653.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fernandes-Alnemri, T., J.-W. Yu, P. Datta, J. Wu, and E. S. Alnemri. 2009. “AIM2 activates the inflammasome and cell death in response to cytoplasmic DNA.” Nature, 458 (7237): 509–513.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Troffaes, M. C. M., and G. de Cooman. 2014. Lower Previsions: Troffaes/Lower Previsions. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Froitzheim, N., and S. M. Schmid (Eds.). 2009. Orogenic Processes in the Alpine Collision Zone. Swiss Journal of Geosciences Supplement. Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Baudrier, É., and L. Mazo. 2016. “Curve Digitization Variability.” Discrete Geometry for Computer Imagery: 19th IAPR International Conference, DGCI 2016, Nantes, France, April 18-20, 2016. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, N. Normand, J. Guédon, and F. Autrusseau, eds., 59–70. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics.

Blog post
Taub, B. 2016. “Watch These Small-Brained Animals And Their Tiny Yawns In The Name Of Science.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Forest Service Not Ready to Acquire a Nationwide Geographic Information System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bhavsar, K. S. 2017. “Application of wavelet on quasi-periodic physiologic signals.” Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. 2017. “Mets Cap Busy Day of Moves by Acquiring a Closer.” New York Times, July 29, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mantovani 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hogue and Pincetl 2015; Mantovani 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hogue and Pincetl 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Fernandes-Alnemri et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics
AbbreviationJ. Nanomech. Micromech.
ISSN (print)2153-5434
ISSN (online)2153-5477
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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