How to format your references using the Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilmot, C. M. (2007). “Biochemistry. An ancient and intimate partnership.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5823), 379–380.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thibault, P., and Menzel, A. (2013). “Reconstructing state mixtures from diffraction measurements.” Nature, 494(7435), 68–71.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, D. K., Cann, J. R., and Escartín, J. (2006). “Widespread active detachment faulting and core complex formation near 13 degrees N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.” Nature, 442(7101), 440–443.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Moss, R. H., Edmonds, J. A., Hibbard, K. A., Manning, M. R., Rose, S. K., van Vuuren, D. P., Carter, T. R., Emori, S., Kainuma, M., Kram, T., Meehl, G. A., Mitchell, J. F. B., Nakicenovic, N., Riahi, K., Smith, S. J., Stouffer, R. J., Thomson, A. M., Weyant, J. P., and Wilbanks, T. J. (2010). “The next generation of scenarios for climate change research and assessment.” Nature, 463(7282), 747–756.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisswanger, H. (2017). Enzyme Kinetics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Hays, S. A., Robert, J. S., Miller, C. A., and Bennett, I. (Eds.). (2013). Nanotechnology, the Brain, and the Future. Yearbook of Nanotechnology in Society, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Skadiņa, I., Veisbergs, A., Vasiļjevs, A., Gornostaja, T., Keiša, I., and Rudzīte, A. (2012). “Valodu Tehnoloģiju Atbalsts Latviešu Valodai.” The Latvian Language in the Digital Age, White Paper Series, G. Rehm and H. Uszkoreit, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 19–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). “Snake Escapes After Being Eaten By A Larger Snake.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). NATO: Progress Toward More Mobile and Deployable Forces. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Long, J. J. (2012). “Comparison of health-promoting lifestyles in adult patients with and without primary care provider continuity.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992). “Clinton Set for a Vacation Of Sports and Lots of Talk.” New York Times, D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilmot 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Thibault and Menzel 2013; Wilmot 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thibault and Menzel 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Moss et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics
AbbreviationJ. Nanomech. Micromech.
ISSN (print)2153-5434
ISSN (online)2153-5477
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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