How to format your references using the Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rochmyaningsih, D. (2015). “Indigenous peoples must benefit from science.” Nature, 526(7574), 477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lambolez, F., and Rocha, B. (2001). “Immunology. A molecular gut reaction.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5548), 1848–1849.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burtally, N., King, P. J., and Swift, M. R. (2002). “Spontaneous air-driven separation in vertically vibrated fine granular mixtures.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5561), 1877–1879.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rassoulzadegan, M., Grandjean, V., Gounon, P., Vincent, S., Gillot, I., and Cuzin, F. (2006). “RNA-mediated non-mendelian inheritance of an epigenetic change in the mouse.” Nature, 441(7092), 469–474.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aubry, J.-F., and Brînzei, N. (2015). Systems Dependability Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wheeler, D. S., Wong, H. R., and Shanley, T. P. (Eds.). (2014). Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: Volume 1: Care of the Critically Ill or Injured Child. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Siqueira, A. C. de. (2012). “The 2020 World Bank Education Strategy.” The World Bank and Education: Critiques and Alternatives, S. J. Klees, J. Samoff, and N. P. Stromquist, eds., SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 69–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). “Elephants Get Really Excited When Others Mate.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). What Assurance Does Office of Education’s Eligibility Process Provide? U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Merkurjev, D. (2015). “Understanding Enhancer Role in Transcriptional Response.” Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (1994). “Some Bad Role Models.” New York Times, 718.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rochmyaningsih 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lambolez and Rocha 2001; Rochmyaningsih 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lambolez and Rocha 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Rassoulzadegan et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics
AbbreviationJ. Nanomech. Micromech.
ISSN (print)2153-5434
ISSN (online)2153-5477
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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