How to format your references using the Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keller, S. A. 2010. “Vital statistics.” Nature, 467 (7318): 914.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klyachko, V. A., and M. B. Jackson. 2002. “Capacitance steps and fusion pores of small and large-dense-core vesicles in nerve terminals.” Nature, 418 (6893): 89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dvorak, M., W. Oswald, and Z. Wu. 2013. “Bandgap opening by patterning graphene.” Sci. Rep., 3: 2289.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fabbri, F., E. Rotunno, L. Lazzarini, N. Fukata, and G. Salviati. 2014. “Visible and infra-red light emission in boron-doped wurtzite silicon nanowires.” Sci. Rep., 4: 3603.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen, K., X. Guo, and Y. Pan. 2016. Multiple Biological Sequence Alignment: Scoring Functions, Algorithms and Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hospenthal, D. R., and M. G. Rinaldi (Eds.). 2008. Diagnosis and Treatment of Human Mycoses. Infectious Disease. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Van Dyke Parunak, H., R. Bisson, S. Brueckner, R. Matthews, and J. Sauter. 2006. “Representing Dispositions and Emotions in Simulated Combat.” Defence Applications of Multi-Agent Systems: International Workshop, DAMAS 2005, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 25, 2005, Revised and Invited Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, S. G. Thompson and R. Ghanea-Hercock, eds., 51–65. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “Another Australian Animal Slips Away To Extinction.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. Comments on H.R. 5103, Mineta letter. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vande Voort, P. S. 2013. “A phenomenological exploration of faculty experiences using lecture capture systems.” Doctoral dissertation. Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. 2001. “World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: President Signs Land Reform Law.” New York Times, November 14, 2001.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keller 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Keller 2010; Klyachko and Jackson 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Klyachko and Jackson 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Fabbri et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics
AbbreviationJ. Nanomech. Micromech.
ISSN (print)2153-5434
ISSN (online)2153-5477
ScopeMechanical Engineering

Other styles