How to format your references using the Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis, M. E. (2002). “Ordered porous materials for emerging applications.” Nature, 417(6891), 813–821.
A journal article with 2 authors
Costache, M. V., and Valenzuela, S. O. (2010). “Experimental spin ratchet.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6011), 1645–1648.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amodeo, G. A., Rudolph, M. J., and Tong, L. (2007). “Crystal structure of the heterotrimer core of Saccharomyces cerevisiae AMPK homologue SNF1.” Nature, 449(7161), 492–495.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Loong, L. M., Qiu, X., Neo, Z. P., Deorani, P., Wu, Y., Bhatia, C. S., Saeys, M., and Yang, H. (2014). “Strain-enhanced tunneling magnetoresistance in MgO magnetic tunnel junctions.” Scientific reports, 4, 6505.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goldberger, A. L., and Goldberger, Z. D. (2012). Becoming a Consummate Clinician. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jackson, M., Nelson, D., and Stirk, S. (Eds.). (2005). Database: Enterprise, Skills and Innovation: 22nd British National Conference on Databases, BNCOD 22, Sunderland, UK, July 5-7, 2005. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Dorrestijn, S. (2016). “History, Philosophy, and Actuality of the Utopian View of Technology: On Pierre Musso’s Critique of Network Ideology.” Pierre Musso and the Network Society: From Saint-Simonianism to the Internet, Philosophy of Engineering and Technology, J. L. Garcia, ed., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 103–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017). “Is a Vegetarian Diet Really More Environmentally Friendly than Eating Meat?” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Surface Freight Transportation: A Comparison of the Costs of Road, Rail, and Waterways Freight Shipments That Are Not Passed on to Consumers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ayres, R. (2017). “Optimization of a Novel Oxy-Michael Ugi-Smiles Reaction.” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2016). “Everyone Knows Peter, Paul and Mary. But What About Bob?” New York Times, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walsh 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Baker 2007; Smaglik 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Costache and Valenzuela 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Evrard et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics
AbbreviationJ. Nanomech. Micromech.
ISSN (print)2153-5434
ISSN (online)2153-5477
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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