How to format your references using the Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R. 2001. “Golf course threatens to leave hole in fossil records.” Nature, 412 (6847): 572.
A journal article with 2 authors
King, D. A., and S. M. Thomas. 2007. “Big lessons for a healthy future.” Nature, 449 (7164): 791–792.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, S. P., C. Jones, and A. Stasch. 2007. “Stable magnesium(I) compounds with Mg-Mg bonds.” Science, 318 (5857): 1754–1757.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jones, T., C. L. Ehardt, T. M. Butynski, T. R. B. Davenport, N. E. Mpunga, S. J. Machaga, and D. W. De Luca. 2005. “The highland mangabey Lophocebus kipunji: a new species of African monkey.” Science, 308 (5725): 1161–1164.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnett, A. H., and J. Grice. 2011. New Mechanisms in Glucose Control. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Salvadori, L. (Ed.). 2011. Stability Problems. C.I.M.E. Summer Schools. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gerasymova, K. 2012. “Expressing Grammatical Meaning with Morphology: A Case Study for Russian Aspect.” Computational Issues in Fluid Construction Grammar: A New Formalism for the Representation of Lexicons and Grammars, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, L. Steels, ed., 91–122. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014. “Scientists Have Simulated Time Travel With Photons.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. Triennial Assessment of the Tennessee Valley Authority--Fiscal Years 1977-1979. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jategaonkar, S. P. 2009. “Two essays on stock repurchases and insider trading.” Doctoral dissertation. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2009. “We’re All Finally Learning The True Price Of Football.” New York Times, October 29, 2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton 2001; King and Thomas 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (King and Thomas 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Jones et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics
AbbreviationJ. Nanomech. Micromech.
ISSN (print)2153-5434
ISSN (online)2153-5477
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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