How to format your references using the Nurse Leader citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nurse Leader. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Dalvit DAR. Quantum physics: shaking photons out of the vacuum. Nature. 2011;479(7373):303-304.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Amack JD, Manning ML. Knowing the boundaries: extending the differential adhesion hypothesis in embryonic cell sorting. Science. 2012;338(6104):212-215.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mignot T, Merlie JP Jr, Zusman DR. Regulated pole-to-pole oscillations of a bacterial gliding motility protein. Science. 2005;310(5749):855-857.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hsu PP, Kang SA, Rameseder J, et al. The mTOR-regulated phosphoproteome reveals a mechanism of mTORC1-mediated inhibition of growth factor signaling. Science. 2011;332(6035):1317-1322.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lindl T, Steubing R. Atlas of Living Cell Cultures. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Armon RH, Hänninen O, eds. Environmental Indicators. Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
König S, Schauer S, Rass S. A Stochastic Framework for Prediction of Malware Spreading in Heterogeneous Networks. In: Brumley BB, Röning J, eds. Secure IT Systems: 21st Nordic Conference, NordSec 2016, Oulu, Finland, November 2-4, 2016. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2016:67-81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nurse Leader.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Ultracold Molecules Nest Like Russian Dolls. IFLScience. Published January 23, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/ultracold-molecules-nest-russian-dolls/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Better Information Needed for Oversight and Evaluation of Selected Elementary and Secondary Education Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Rogers SL. Fear of Cancer and Theory of Planned Behavior as Predictors of Pap Screenings. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Apuzzo M, Goldman A, Schmidt MS, Rosenberg M. Mueller Inquiry Unveils Charges and a Russia Link. New York Times. October 30, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNurse Leader
AbbreviationNurse Lead.
ISSN (print)1541-4612
ScopeLeadership and Management

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