How to format your references using the Nurse Leader citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nurse Leader. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lynch M. Genomics. Gene duplication and evolution. Science. 2002;297(5583):945-947.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hayes RA, Feenstra BJ. Video-speed electronic paper based on electrowetting. Nature. 2003;425(6956):383-385.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Muheim R, Phillips JB, Akesson S. Polarized light cues underlie compass calibration in migratory songbirds. Science. 2006;313(5788):837-839.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Martens-Habbena W, Berube PM, Urakawa H, de la Torre JR, Stahl DA. Ammonia oxidation kinetics determine niche separation of nitrifying Archaea and Bacteria. Nature. 2009;461(7266):976-979.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Reeder L. Guide to Green Building Rating Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Feldman AM. Welfare Economics and Social Choice Theory, 2nd Edition. 2nd Edition. (Serrano R, ed.). Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rodrigues F, Coles M, Dye D. Control Flow Basics. In: Coles M, Dye D, eds. Pro SQL Server 2012 Integration Services. Apress; 2012:107-161.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nurse Leader.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. Hubble Snaps Awesome Image Of Jupiter As It Makes Its Closest Approach To Earth. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Improved Cost Information Needed to Make Billion Dollar Modernization Investment Decisions. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Harper T. Going public, staying private, and everything in between. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J. A Change Means a Challenge. New York Times. September 9, 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNurse Leader
AbbreviationNurse Lead.
ISSN (print)1541-4612
ScopeLeadership and Management

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