How to format your references using the Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hejnol A. Evolutionary biology: Excitation over jelly nerves. Nature 2014; 510: 38–39.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bergstrom CT, Kerr B. Microbiology: Taking the bad with the good. Nature 2015; 521: 431–432.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rosenbaum DM, Rasmussen SGF, Kobilka BK. The structure and function of G-protein-coupled receptors. Nature 2009; 459: 356–363.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Lagos M, Ballhaus C, Münker C, Wohlgemuth-Ueberwasser C, Berndt J, Kuzmin DV. The Earth’s missing lead may not be in the core. Nature 2008; 456: 89–92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King AM. Internal Control of Fixed Assets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ: 2011.
An edited book
Aichernig BK, Furia CA, editors. Tests and Proofs: 10th International Conference, TAP 2016, Held as Part of STAF 2016, Vienna, Austria, July 5-7, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham: 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Berka T, Vajteršic M. Dimensionality Reduction for Information Retrieval Using Vector Replacement of Rare Terms. In: Yada K, ed. Data Mining for Service. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg: 2014; 41–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation.

Blog post
Andrew E. New Device Performs Eye Exams With Smartphone [Internet]. IFLScience2014; [cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Child Labor: Information on Federal Enforcement Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC: 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores MY. Delinquency prevention program for Latino youth: A grant proposal project. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Suffolk Schools to Say Goodbye to DARE. New York Times2007; : 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
AbbreviationNephrol. Dial. Transplant
ISSN (print)0931-0509
ISSN (online)1460-2385

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