How to format your references using the Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cuffey KM. Climate change. A Matter of firn. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2008; 320: 1596–1597.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sigloch K, Mihalynuk MG. Intra-oceanic subduction shaped the assembly of Cordilleran North America. Nature 2013; 496: 50–56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gregoire LJ, Payne AJ, Valdes PJ. Deglacial rapid sea level rises caused by ice-sheet saddle collapses. Nature 2012; 487: 219–222.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Velikov KP, Christova CG, Dullens RPA, van Blaaderen A. Layer-by-layer growth of binary colloidal crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2002; 296: 106–109.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kühn V. Wireless Communications over MIMO Channels. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK: 2006.
An edited book
Carling A, editor. The Social Equality of Religion or Belief: A New View of Religion’s Place in Society. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London: 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Adams DG, Duggan PS. Signalling in Cyanobacteria–Plant Symbioses. In: Perotto S, Baluška F, eds. Signaling and Communication in Plant Symbiosis. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg: 2012; 93–121

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation.

Blog post
Hale T. Farmers Are Using Laser Beams In The Battle Against Geese [Internet]. IFLScience2016; [cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Human Capital Management: FAA’s Reform Effort Requires a More Strategic Approach. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC: 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hensley AL. Gender, personality, and coping: Unraveling gender in military post -deployment physical and mental wellness. 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB. They Exposed a Scandal, But Merited Just a Footnote. New York Times2017; : B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
AbbreviationNephrol. Dial. Transplant
ISSN (print)0931-0509
ISSN (online)1460-2385

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