How to format your references using the Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jokipii JR. Planetary science. A local wiggle in the turbulent interstellar magnetic field. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2007; 316: 839–840.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lease RO, Ehlers TA. Incision into the eastern Andean Plateau during Pliocene cooling. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2013; 341: 774–776.
A journal article with 3 authors
Biggins JB, Onwueme KC, Thorson JS. Resistance to enediyne antitumor antibiotics by CalC self-sacrifice. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2003; 301: 1537–1541.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Fang L-Q, Li X-L, Liu K et al. Mapping spread and risk of avian influenza A (H7N9) in China. Scientific reports 2013; 3: 2722.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiGrado BD, Thorp GA. The Aboveground Steel Storage Tank Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ: 2007.
An edited book
Froitzheim N, Schmid SM, editors. Orogenic Processes in the Alpine Collision Zone. Birkhäuser, Basel: 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Johansson P-O, Kriström B. The Main Items in the Cost-Benefit Analysis. In: Kriström B, ed. The Economics of Evaluating Water Projects: Hydroelectricity Versus Other Uses. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg: 2012; 29–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation.

Blog post
Andrews R. Skin Cells Seen “Walking” Towards Wounds. IFLScience2016;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Centralizing Effects of Austerity on the Intergovernmental System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC: 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Winhusen ER. Precambrian Seawater Temperature Analysis Using Oxygen Isotopes from Hamersley Carbonates, Western Australia. 2001;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly S. Spring Children’s Books; Stuff and Nonsense. New York Times1999; : 723.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
AbbreviationNephrol. Dial. Transplant
ISSN (print)0931-0509
ISSN (online)1460-2385

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