How to format your references using the Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nosengo N. The quota conundrum. Nature 2003; 426: 211.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang T, Overgaard J. Ecology. The heartbreak of adapting to global warming. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2007; 315: 49–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hannon JB, Tersoff J, Tromp RM. Surface stress and thermodynamic nanoscale size selection. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2002; 295: 299–301.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Debnath S, Yallowitz AR, McCormick J et al. Discovery of a periosteal stem cell mediating intramembranous bone formation. Nature 2018; 562: 133–139.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sundar V. Ocean Wave Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK: 2015.
An edited book
Ågotnes T, Broersen J, Elgesem D, editors. Deontic Logic in Computer Science: 11th International Conference, DEON 2012, Bergen, Norway, July 16-18, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg: 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Grilo I, Thurik AR. Entrepreneurship in the Old and New Europe. In: Santarelli E, ed. Entrepreneurship, Growth, and Innovation: The Dynamics of Firms and Industries. Springer US, Boston, MA: 2006; 75–103

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Scientists Shouldn’t Be Too Scared Of The Public When Discussing Climate Change [Internet]. IFLScience2017; [cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Reasons for Funding Selected Entitlements Programs by Other Than 1-Year Appropriations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC: 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nakayama M. Educational Advocacy for Children in Foster Care: A Grant Proposal. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. Activists Haunted by Their K.G.B. Ordeal. New York Times2017; : C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
AbbreviationNephrol. Dial. Transplant
ISSN (print)0931-0509
ISSN (online)1460-2385

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