How to format your references using the Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wood J. Obituary: Alastair Cameron (1925-2005). Nature 2005; 438: 752.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huey RB, Ward PD. Hypoxia, global warming, and terrestrial late Permian extinctions. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2005; 308: 398–401.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pan X, Shao M, Kulkarni SR. A distance of 133-137 parsecs to the Pleiades star cluster. Nature 2004; 427: 326–328.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Levin V, Shapiro N, Park J, Ritzwoller M. Seismic evidence for catastrophic slab loss beneath Kamchatka. Nature 2002; 418: 763–767.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bachmann H, Steinle A. Precast Concrete Structures. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany: 2012.
An edited book
Silvano C, Lajolo M, Palermo G, editors. Low Power Networks-on-Chip. Springer US, Boston, MA: 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Régnier-Loilier A, Prioux F. Family Behaviours and Religious Practice in France. In: Régnier-Loilier A, ed. The Contemporary Family in France: Partnership Trajectories and Domestic Organization. Springer International Publishing, Cham: 2015; 87–111

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation.

Blog post
Andrew E. Astronaut Alexander Gerst Made Mind-Blowing Time-Lapse Of Images From ISS [Internet]. IFLScience2014; [cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The First Step Toward Reform. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC: 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson BR. A correlational study: Parental involvement to student achievement in public education. 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith M. Minneapolis Police Chief Is Forced Out. New York Times2017; : A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
AbbreviationNephrol. Dial. Transplant
ISSN (print)0931-0509
ISSN (online)1460-2385

Other styles