How to format your references using the Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology (JARO). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C (2010) World view: what can little Europe do? Nature 464:349
A journal article with 2 authors
Hellman A, Chess A (2007) Gene body-specific methylation on the active X chromosome. Science 315:1141–1143
A journal article with 3 authors
Ta VD, Chen R, Sun HD (2013) Tuning whispering gallery mode lasing from self-assembled polymer droplets. Sci Rep 3:1362
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cao B, Li J, Zhou X, et al (2014) Clioquinol induces pro-death autophagy in leukemia and myeloma cells by disrupting the mTOR signaling pathway. Sci Rep 4:5749

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birinyi L (2013) The Master Trader. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Cress U, Moskaliuk J, Jeong H (eds) (2016) Mass Collaboration and Education, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Cortina-Gil D (2014) Direct Reactions at Relativistic Energies: A New Insight into the Single-Particle Structure of Exotic Nuclei. In: Scheidenberger C, Pfützner M (eds) The Euroschool on Exotic Beams, Vol. IV. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 183–232

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) New Brain Map Reveals Unknown Cell Types. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/new-brain-map-reveals-unknown-cell-types-mice/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Truck Transport: Little Is Known About Hauling Garbage and Food in the Same Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortiz-Quiusky S (2015) Substance abuse, smoking, and depression among military veterans. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry E, Kishkovsky S (2012) Russian Turnout Includes Thousands of Eager Election Observers. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hellman and Chess 2007; Macilwain 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hellman and Chess 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Cao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology
AbbreviationJ. Assoc. Res. Otolaryngol.
ISSN (print)1525-3961
ISSN (online)1438-7573
ScopeOtorhinolaryngology
Sensory Systems

Other styles