How to format your references using the Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology (JARO). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball P (2015) Carl Djerassi (1923-2015). Nature 519:34
A journal article with 2 authors
Thursby JG, Thursby MC (2003) Intellectual property. University licensing and the Bayh-Dole Act. Science 301:1052
A journal article with 3 authors
Reiserer A, Ritter S, Rempe G (2013) Nondestructive detection of an optical photon. Science 342:1349–1351
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Martin MS, Theodore ND, Wei C-C, Shao L (2014) Physical assembly of Ag nanocrystals on enclosed surfaces in monocrystalline Si. Sci Rep 4:6744

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Illian J, Penttinen A, Stoyan H, Stoyan D (2008) Statistical Analysis and Modelling of Spatial Point Patterns. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Håkanson L (2008) Tools and Criteria for Sustainable Coastal Ecosystem Management: Examples from the Baltic Sea and Other Aquatic Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Pereira G, Mikkelsen LP, McGugan M (2016) Fibre Bragg Grating Sensor Signal Post-processing Algorithm: Crack Growth Monitoring in Fibre Reinforced Plastic Structures. In: Ribeiro P, Raposo M (eds) Photoptics 2015: Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 63–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Seed Beetles Are Locked In An Intense Sexual Arms Race. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984) Automatic Data Processing: A Career Challenge. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee BK (2015) Tracking of truck flows for drayage efficiency analysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Thursby and Thursby 2003; Ball 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thursby and Thursby 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Martin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology
AbbreviationJ. Assoc. Res. Otolaryngol.
ISSN (print)1525-3961
ISSN (online)1438-7573
Sensory Systems

Other styles