How to format your references using the Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology (JARO). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dixon RA (2001) Natural products and plant disease resistance. Nature 411:843–847
A journal article with 2 authors
Hyman AH, Simons K (2011) The new cell biology: Beyond HeLa cells. Nature 480:34
A journal article with 3 authors
Richmond JE, Weimer RM, Jorgensen EM (2001) An open form of syntaxin bypasses the requirement for UNC-13 in vesicle priming. Nature 412:338–341
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chang C, Holtzman DA, Chau S, et al (2001) Twisted gastrulation can function as a BMP antagonist. Nature 410:483–487

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ventre D (2016) Information Warfare. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Zhang X-P (2006) Flexible AC Transmission Systems: Modelling and Control. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Witteborg H, Charfi A, Colomer Collell D, Mezini M (2014) Weaving Aspects and Business Processes through Model Transformation. In: Villari M, Zimmermann W, Lau K-K (eds) Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing: Third European Conference, ESOCC 2014, Manchester, UK, September 2-4, 2014. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 47–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) How Maths Can Help Us Fight Infectious Diseases. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Information Technology: DHS Needs to Further Define and Implement Its New Governance Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barbeau SJ (2012) A Location-Aware Architecture Supporting Intelligent Real-Time Mobile Applications. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mazzetti M, Hubbard B (2016) Rise of Young Prince Shatters Decades of Saudi Royal Tradition. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dixon 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Dixon 2001; Hyman and Simons 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hyman and Simons 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Chang et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology
AbbreviationJ. Assoc. Res. Otolaryngol.
ISSN (print)1525-3961
ISSN (online)1438-7573
Sensory Systems

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