How to format your references using the Nuclear Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. W. KIRCHNER, “Evolutionary speed limits inferred from the fossil record,” Nature 415 6867, 65 (2002).
A journal article with 2 authors
D. L. ADAMS and J. C. HORTON, “Shadows cast by retinal blood vessels mapped in primary visual cortex,” Science 298 5593, 572 (2002).
A journal article with 3 authors
P. K. MANG, S. LAROCHELLE, and M. GREVEN, “Condensed-matter physics: spurious magnetism in high-T(c) superconductor,” Nature 426 6963, 139 (2003).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W. DENG et al., “A high-yield two-step transfer printing method for large-scale fabrication of organic single-crystal devices on arbitrary substrates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5358 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. GARBER, BIM Design, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2014).
An edited book
G. WERLE, L. FERNANDEZ, and M. VORMBAUM, Eds., Africa and the International Criminal Court, T.M.C. Asser Press, The Hague (2014).
A chapter in an edited book
G. CHARPIAT, M. HOFMANN, and B. SCHÖLKOPF, “Kernel Methods in Medical Imaging,” in Handbook of Biomedical Imaging: Methodologies and Clinical Research, N. Paragios, J. Duncan, and N. Ayache, Eds., pp. 63–81, Springer US, Boston, MA (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Technology.

Blog post
T. HALE, “Lab Experiment Accidentally Gave Students Caffeine Dose Equal To 300 Coffees,” IFLScience; 26 January 2017;; (current as of Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE, “Transportation Security R&D: TSA and DHS Are Researching and Developing Technologies, but Need to Improve R&D Management,” GAO-04-890, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2004).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. A. BUBERT, “Highly extensible skin for a variable wing-span morphing aircraft utilizing pneumatic artificial muscle actuation,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park (2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. SHPIGEL, “Obliviously, Wentz Fuels The Eagles’ Giddy Rise,” in New York Times, p. B7 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Technology
AbbreviationNucl. Technol.
ISSN (print)0029-5450
ISSN (online)1943-7471
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles