How to format your references using the Nuclear Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. O’ROURKE, “The science of sustainable supply chains,” Science 344 6188, 1124 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
M. PASZEK and V. WEAVER, “Biophysics. Enforcing order on signaling,” Science 327 5971, 1335 (2010).
A journal article with 3 authors
N. G. COPELAND, N. A. JENKINS, and S. J. O’BRIEN, “Genomics. Mmu 16--comparative genomic highlights,” Science 296 5573, 1617 (2002).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
I. MARINOV et al., “The Southern Ocean biogeochemical divide,” Nature 441 7096, 964 (2006).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. RANKIN, Effects of Antenatal Exercise on Psychological Well-Being, Pregnancy and Birth Outcome, Whurr Publishers Ltd, Philadelphia, PA, USA (2008).
An edited book
J. CAMPORA and G. GIAMBASTIANI, Eds., Olefin Upgrading Catalysis by Nitrogen-based Metal Complexes I: State-of-the-art and Perspectives, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2011).
A chapter in an edited book
J. CHOI, H. HWANG, and W. HONG, “Predicting the Probability of Evacuation Congestion Occurrence Relating to Elapsed Time and Vertical Section in a High-rise Building,” in Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics, R. D. Peacock, E. D. Kuligowski, and J. D. Averill, Eds., pp. 37–46, Springer US, Boston, MA (2011).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Technology.

Blog post
J. FANG, “Supermassive Black Holes May Cause Host Galaxies to Die Young,” IFLScience; 2 February 2015;; (current as of Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE, “Department of Education Uncertain About Effectiveness of Its Special Services Program,” HRD-83-13, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1982).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. A. SZURGYI, “Leadership competencies required of Army officers to counter the Improvised Explosive Device threat,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
SOPHIA KISHKOVSKY; COMPILED B Y, “Arts, Briefly; Rachmaninoff Score Unsold,” in New York Times, p. E2 (2004).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Technology
AbbreviationNucl. Technol.
ISSN (print)0029-5450
ISSN (online)1943-7471
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles