How to format your references using the Nuclear Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. M. WODTKE, “Chemistry. Chemistry in a computer: advancing the in silico dream,” Science 312 5770, 64 (2006).
A journal article with 2 authors
H. SLABBEKOORN and M. PEET, “Ecology: Birds sing at a higher pitch in urban noise,” Nature 424 6946, 267 (2003).
A journal article with 3 authors
M. ZHANG, K. R. ATKINSON, and R. H. BAUGHMAN, “Multifunctional carbon nanotube yarns by downsizing an ancient technology,” Science 306 5700, 1358 (2004).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. HUNT et al., “High-quality male field crickets invest heavily in sexual display but die young,” Nature 432 7020, 1024 (2004).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. A. WITTCOFF, B. G. REUBEN, and J. S. PLOTKIN, Industrial Organic Chemicals, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2012).
An edited book
C. A. SHONIREGUN, Securing Biometrics Applications, S. Crosier, Ed., Springer US, Boston, MA (2008).
A chapter in an edited book
C. T. RUSSELL, “The coupling of the solar wind to the Earth’s magnetosphere,” in Space Weather- Physics and Effects, I. A. Daglis, Ed., pp. 103–130, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Technology.

Blog post
E. ANDREW, “Study Claims $28 Billion A Year Is Spent On Biomedical Research That Can’t Be Reproduced,” IFLScience; 10 June 2015;; (current as of Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE, “Gray Market Vehicle Program: Extension Warranted, but Improvements in Vehicle Identification Are Needed,” RCED-94-22, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1994).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. L. BRYANT, “The Influence of High School Preparation on Black Male Students’ Ability to Succeed at the Post-Secondary Level,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. SISARIO, “Stoking Classic Rock Hunger With Concerts on the Coasts,” in New York Times, p. C4 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Technology
AbbreviationNucl. Technol.
ISSN (print)0029-5450
ISSN (online)1943-7471
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles