How to format your references using the Nuclear Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. O. ANDREAE, “Atmospheric science. A new look at aging aerosols,” Science 326 5959, 1493 (2009).
A journal article with 2 authors
D. HELBING and E. POURNARAS, “Society: Build digital democracy,” Nature 527 7576, 33 (2015).
A journal article with 3 authors
D. GEBAUER, A. VÖLKEL, and H. CÖLFEN, “Stable prenucleation calcium carbonate clusters,” Science 322 5909, 1819 (2008).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. RAUCH et al., “Measurement of a confinement induced neutron phase,” Nature 417 6889, 630 (2002).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. H. BARNETT and J. GRICE, New Mechanisms in Glucose Control, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA (2011).
An edited book
S. BIFFL, D. WINKLER, and J. BERGSMANN, Eds., Software Quality. Process Automation in Software Development: 4th International Conference, SWQD 2012, Vienna, Austria, January 17-19, 2012. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012).
A chapter in an edited book
K. RODIL, “A Participatory Perspective on Cross-Cultural Design,” in Building Bridges: HCI, Visualization, and Non-formal Modeling: IFIP WG 13.7 Workshops on Human–Computer Interaction and Visualization: 7th HCIV@ECCE 2011, Rostock, Germany, August 23, 2011, and 8th HCIV@INTERACT 2011, Lisbon, Portugal, September 5, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, A. Ebert et al., Eds., pp. 30–46, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Technology.

Blog post
E. ANDREW, “Born to Win: Top Athletes Don’t Share a Single Talent Gene, but Hundreds of Them,” IFLScience; 26 June 2015; (current as of Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE, “Business Process Reengineering Assessment Guide--Version 3,” AIMD-10.1.15, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1997).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. SHARP, “The Epistolary Form: A Familiar Fiction,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University (2016).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. VECSEY, “We’re All Finally Learning The True Price Of Football,” in New York Times, p. B14 (2009).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Technology
AbbreviationNucl. Technol.
ISSN (print)0029-5450
ISSN (online)1943-7471
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles