How to format your references using the Nuclear Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. GOLDSTON, “Back to school,” Nature 446 7137, 714 (2007).
A journal article with 2 authors
G. AEPPLI and Y. A. SOH, “Physics Quantum criticality in a clean metal,” Science 294 5541, 315 (2001).
A journal article with 3 authors
C. P. CROSS, D.-L. M. CYRENNE, and G. R. BROWN, “Sex differences in sensation-seeking: a meta-analysis,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2486 (2013).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. D. ROWLAND et al., “Molecular confinement accelerates deformation of entangled polymers during squeeze flow,” Science 322 5902, 720 (2008).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. L. FREE, CBT and Christianity, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2015).
An edited book
X. LI, Precipitation Modeling and Quantitative Analysis, S. Gao, Ed., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2012).
A chapter in an edited book
C. R. HALL, “Pathology of Radiation Effects on Healthy Tissues in the Pelvis,” in Radiation Therapy for Pelvic Malignancy and its Consequences, E. D. Ehrenpreis, R. de W. Marsh, and W. Small Jr., Eds., pp. 79–86, Springer, New York, NY (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Technology.

Blog post
R. ANDREWS, “We Finally Know Why People Are Left- Or Right-Handed,” IFLScience; 20 February 2017; (current as of Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE, “NATO-Warsaw Pact: Conventional Force Balance--Papers for U.S. and Soviet Perspectives Workshops,” NSIAD-89-23B, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1988).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. D. RAMEY, “A Case Study: Achievement Studies of Persistent, Transitional, and Transient Populations within the Blitz Program Model at a Large Midwestern Elementary School,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University (2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. BRANTLEY, “Shakespeare, Commandeered Afresh,” in New York Times, p. AR28 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Technology
AbbreviationNucl. Technol.
ISSN (print)0029-5450
ISSN (online)1943-7471
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles