How to format your references using the Chemotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis J. NSF IN FLUX: NSF Searches for Right Way to Help Women. Science. 2000 Jul;289(5478):379–81.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang K, Rathod PK. Divergent regulation of dihydrofolate reductase between malaria parasite and human host. Science. 2002 Apr;296(5567):545–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ang YS, Ma Z, Zhang C. Chiral-like tunneling of electrons in two-dimensional semiconductors with Rashba spin-orbit coupling. Sci Rep. 2014 Jan;4:3780.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Spencer JR, Pearl JC, Segura M, Flasar FM, Mamoutkine A, Romani P, et al. Cassini encounters Enceladus: background and the discovery of a south polar hot spot. Science. 2006 Mar;311(5766):1401–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McBain GD. Theory of Lift. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Romano L, Fulciniti S, Silva M, editors. Anatomia TC multidetettore — Body. Milano: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Mata F, Levachkine S. iRank: Integral Ranking of Geographical Information by Semantic, Geographic, and Topological Matching. In: Popovich VV, Claramunt C, Schrenk M, Korolenko KV, editors. Information Fusion and Geographic Information Systems: Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop, 17-20 May 2009. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009; pp 77–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemotherapy.

Blog post
Fang J. Post-Menopausal Killer Whales Lead the Pod [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Mar [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Indian Affairs: Further Actions Needed to Improve Oversight and Accountability for School Safety Inspections. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fichera M. Transport of seawater and its influence on the transverse tensile strength of unidirectional composite materials. 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Romero S, Casey N. Joy, Then Grief, Over Brazil Team. New York Times. 2016 Nov;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemotherapy
ISSN (print)0009-3157
ISSN (online)1421-9794
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Infectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)
Drug Discovery

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