How to format your references using the Nuclear Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Science and Engineering (NSE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. HOLDEN, “ACADEMIC COMMUNITY: Institute Goes to Court to Remove Researcher,” Science 290 5492, 683b (2000).
A journal article with 2 authors
K. D. HARRIS and T. D. MRSIC-FLOGEL, “Cortical connectivity and sensory coding,” Nature 503 7474, 51 (2013).
A journal article with 3 authors
E. LIEBERMAN, C. HAUERT, and M. A. NOWAK, “Evolutionary dynamics on graphs,” Nature 433 7023, 312 (2005).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. S. NALBANT et al., “Seismology: earthquake risk on the Sunda trench,” Nature 435 7043, 756 (2005).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. J. LEWIS Sr., Hazardous Chemicals Desk Reference, Sixth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2008).
An edited book
N. GARCÍA-PEDRAJAS et al., Eds., Trends in Applied Intelligent Systems: 23rd International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2010, Cordoba, Spain, June 1-4, 2010, Proceedings, Part I, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010).
A chapter in an edited book
B. von VACANO and M. MOTZKUS, “Photonic Integration Enables Single-Beam Nonlinear Spectroscopy for Microscopy and Microanalytics,” in Extreme Photonics & Applications, T. J. Hall, S. V. Gaponenko, and S. A. Paredes, Eds., pp. 57–73, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2010).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Science and Engineering.

Blog post
J. FANG, “A Quarter of North America’s Birds Haven’t Recovered From West Nile Virus,” IFLScience; 2 November 2015; (current as of Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE, “Administration for Children, Youth, and Families: Need To Better Use Its Research Results and Clarify Its Role,” HRD-77-76, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1978).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. ROY, “‘Jagoron: Awakening’ to Gender in Non Governmental Organizations in Contemporary Bengal,” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University (2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. D. SHEAR and M. HABERMAN, “Friend Suggests Trump May Fire Special Counsel,” in New York Times, p. A1 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Science and Engineering
AbbreviationNucl. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)0029-5639
ISSN (online)1943-748X
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering

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