How to format your references using the Nuclear Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Science and Engineering (NSE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. GLASS, “Obituary: Arthur T. Winfree (1942-2002),” Nature 421 6918, 34 (2003).
A journal article with 2 authors
Z. ZHAO and E. M. ARRUDA, “Materials science. An internal cure for damaged polymers,” Science 344 6184, 591 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
D. B. LOOPE, C. M. ROWE, and R. M. JOECKEL, “Annual monsoon rains recorded by Jurassic dunes,” Nature 412 6842, 64 (2001).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. CARULLA et al., “Molecular recycling within amyloid fibrils,” Nature 436 7050, 554 (2005).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. SCHOBER, Transparent Shells, Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany (2015).
An edited book
P. KIELANOWSKI et al., Eds., Geometric Methods in Physics: XXXIII Workshop, Białowieża, Poland, June 29 – July 5, 2014, Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015).
A chapter in an edited book
C. KONCILIA, J. EDER, and T. MORZY, “Analyzing Sequential Data in Standard OLAP Architectures,” in Advances in Databases and Information Systems: 18th East European Conference, ADBIS 2014, Ohrid, Macedonia, September 7-10, 2014. Proceedings, Y. Manolopoulos, G. Trajcevski, and M. Kon-Popovska, Eds., pp. 56–69, Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Science and Engineering.

Blog post
A. CARPINETI, “Ceres’ Ice Volcanoes Might Disappear Over Time,” IFLScience; 3 February 2017;; (current as of Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE, “Aviation Security: Challenges Exist in Stabilizing and Enhancing Passenger and Baggage Screening Operations,” GAO-04-440T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2004).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H. L. MOSBACKER, “Control of Electrical Transport Mechanisms at Metal-Zinc Oxide Interfaces by Subsurface Defect Engineering with Remote Plasma Treatment,” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University (2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. LANCHESTER, “How Economic Gobbledygook Divides Us,” in New York Times, p. MM18 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Science and Engineering
AbbreviationNucl. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)0029-5639
ISSN (online)1943-748X
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering

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