How to format your references using the Nuclear Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Science and Engineering (NSE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. TELLING, “Neurodegeneration: Evolved protection against human prions,” Nature 522 7557, 423 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
R. C. TAYLOR and M. J. RYAN, “Interactions of multisensory components perceptually rescue túngara frog mating signals,” Science 341 6143, 273 (2013).
A journal article with 3 authors
J. DONG, G. YANG, and H. S. MCHAOURAB, “Structural basis of energy transduction in the transport cycle of MsbA,” Science 308 5724, 1023 (2005).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. LEE et al., “Amphiphysin 2 (Bin1) and T-tubule biogenesis in muscle,” Science 297 5584, 1193 (2002).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. LIPIANSKY, Electrical, Electronics, and Digital Hardware Essentials for Scientists and Engineers, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2012).
An edited book
N. NAKAGAWA, M. NAKAMICHI, and H. SUGIURA, Eds., The Japanese Macaques, Springer Japan, Tokyo (2010).
A chapter in an edited book
A. SCHNEPF et al., “Modelling Phosphorus Dynamics in the Soil–Plant System,” in Phosphorus in Action: Biological Processes in Soil Phosphorus Cycling, E. Bünemann, A. Oberson, and E. Frossard, Eds., pp. 113–133, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Science and Engineering.

Blog post
J. FANG, “Ancient Virus Revived From 700-Year-Old Caribou Feces,” IFLScience; 28 October 2014;; (current as of Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE, “Maritime Administration: Weaknesses Identified in Management of the Title XI Loan Guarantee Program,” GAO-03-657, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2003).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. A. LAMANNA, “The structure and function of subalpine ecosystems in the face of climate change,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. GREENHOUSE, “Death Penalty Case Gives A Clue to Alito’s Methods,” in New York Times, p. A16 (2005).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Science and Engineering
AbbreviationNucl. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)0029-5639
ISSN (online)1943-748X
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering

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