How to format your references using the Nuclear Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Science and Engineering (NSE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. GEE, “Progressive evolution: aspirational thinking,” Nature 420 6916, 611 (2002).
A journal article with 2 authors
P. GRANDI and G. G. C. PALUMBO, “Jet and accretion-disk emission untangled in 3C 273,” Science 306 5698, 998 (2004).
A journal article with 3 authors
M. J. HOVENDEN, P. C. D. NEWTON, and K. E. WILLS, “Seasonal not annual rainfall determines grassland biomass response to carbon dioxide,” Nature 511 7511, 583 (2014).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. M. SMIRNAKIS et al., “Lack of long-term cortical reorganization after macaque retinal lesions,” Nature 435 7040, 300 (2005).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. BAR-ELI, H. PLESSNER, and M. RAAB, Judgement, Decision Making and Success in Sport, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2011).
An edited book
G. ARAPIS, N. GONCHAROVA, and P. BAVEYE, Eds., Ecotoxicology, Ecological Risk Assessment and Multiple Stressors, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2006).
A chapter in an edited book
K. ZHANG and X. SHEN, “Health Data Sharing with Misbehavior Detection,” in Security and Privacy for Mobile Healthcare Networks, X. (sherman) Shen, Ed., pp. 47–80, Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Science and Engineering.

Blog post
E. ANDREW, “Opportunity rover discovers mysterious rock on Martian surface,” IFLScience; 20 January 2014;; (current as of Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE, “Managing Technology Change: Challenges and Opportunities for the United States Senate,” T-AIMD-96-25, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1995).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
F. D. SURVIS, “Residential lawn water use and lawn irrigation practices: Wellington, Florida,” Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University (2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. M. NIR and L. FERRÉ-SADURNÍ, “Cats Found In Building, Halting Demolition,” in New York Times, p. A16 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Science and Engineering
AbbreviationNucl. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)0029-5639
ISSN (online)1943-748X
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering

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