How to format your references using the IBRO Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IBRO Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klug, A., 2002. Structural biology and biochemistry. Retrospective: Max Perutz (1914-2002). Science 295, 2382–2383.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gerardot, B.D., Ohberg, P., 2009. Physics. A strongly driven spin. Science 326, 1489–1490.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hempson, G.P., Archibald, S., Bond, W.J., 2015. A continent-wide assessment of the form and intensity of large mammal herbivory in Africa. Science 350, 1056–1061.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schreiner, P., Chen, X., Husnjak, K., Randles, L., Zhang, N., Elsasser, S., Finley, D., Dikic, I., Walters, K.J., Groll, M., 2008. Ubiquitin docking at the proteasome through a novel pleckstrin-homology domain interaction. Nature 453, 548–552.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nagasawa, M., 2015. Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions: Advances in Chemical Physics, Advances in Chemical Physics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Song, I.Y., Eder, J., Nguyen, T.M. (Eds.), 2007. Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery: 9th International Conference, DaWaK 2007, Regensburg Germany, September 3-7, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Lankhorst, M.M., Quartel, D.A.C., Steen, M.W.A., 2010. Architecture-Based IT Portfolio Valuation, in: Harmsen, F., Proper, E., Schalkwijk, F., Barjis, J., Overbeek, S. (Eds.), Practice-Driven Research on Enterprise Transformation: Second Working Conference, PRET 2010, Delft, The Netherlands, November 11, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 78–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IBRO Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Rooster-like comb discovered on duck-billed dinosaur [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. K-12 Education: Selected Cases of Public and Private Schools That Hired or Retained Individuals with Histories of Sexual Misconduct (No. GAO-11-200). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pence, P.L., 2010. Emotional intelligence, motivation, and retention among undergraduate students attending associate-degree nursing programs in Illinois (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E., 1995. The Neediest Cases; Chasing Her Dream Through Education. New York Times 126.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Klug, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gerardot and Ohberg, 2009; Klug, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gerardot and Ohberg, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Schreiner et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleIBRO Reports
AbbreviationIBRO Rep.
ISSN (print)2451-8301
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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