How to format your references using the IBRO Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IBRO Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ciais, P., 2009. Journal club. A geoscientist is astounded by Earth’s huge frozen carbon deposits. Nature 462, 393.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yack, J.E., Fullard, J.H., 2000. Ultrasonic hearing in nocturnal butterflies. Nature 403, 265–266.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karl, M., Nowak, B., Gasenzer, T., 2013. Tuning universality far from equilibrium. Sci. Rep. 3, 2394.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Craven, L., Tuppen, H.A., Greggains, G.D., Harbottle, S.J., Murphy, J.L., Cree, L.M., Murdoch, A.P., Chinnery, P.F., Taylor, R.W., Lightowlers, R.N., Herbert, M., Turnbull, D.M., 2010. Pronuclear transfer in human embryos to prevent transmission of mitochondrial DNA disease. Nature 465, 82–85.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Szeman, I., O’Brien, S., 2017. Popular Culture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Long, S., Dhillon, B.S. (Eds.), 2016. Man-Machine-Environment System Engineering: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on MMESE, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Abu-Zurayk, M., Brezillon, J., 2014. Aero-Elastic Multipoint Optimization Using the Coupled Adjoint Approach, in: Dillmann, A., Heller, G., Krämer, E., Kreplin, H.-P., Nitsche, W., Rist, U. (Eds.), New Results in Numerical and Experimental Fluid Mechanics IX: Contributions to the 18th STAB/DGLR Symposium, Stuttgart, Germany, 2012, Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 45–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IBRO Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Discovering A New Dinosaur Helped Us Prove Velociraptors Had Feathers [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Federal Agencies Are Taking Steps to Assist States and Local Agencies in Coordinating Transportation Services (No. GAO-04-420R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Washington, S., 2010. Counseling students ability to diagnose Asperger’s Syndrome (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Santora, M., Baker, A.L., 2015. Workers Search for Victims Amid Pockets of Fire. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ciais, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Ciais, 2009; Yack and Fullard, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yack and Fullard, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Craven et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleIBRO Reports
AbbreviationIBRO Rep.
ISSN (print)2451-8301
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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