How to format your references using the IBRO Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IBRO Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weissleder, R., 2006. Molecular imaging in cancer. Science 312, 1168–1171.
A journal article with 2 authors
Suter, D.M., Schibler, U., 2009. Physiology. Feeding the clock. Science 326, 378–379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuang, J.S., Rivoire, O., Leibler, S., 2009. Simpson’s paradox in a synthetic microbial system. Science 323, 272–275.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Delfs, J.M., Zhu, Y., Druhan, J.P., Aston-Jones, G., 2000. Noradrenaline in the ventral forebrain is critical for opiate withdrawal-induced aversion. Nature 403, 430–434.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eales, L.-J., 2005. Immunology for Life Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Pries-Heje, J., Venable, J., Bunker, D., Russo, N.L., DeGross, J.I. (Eds.), 2010. Human Benefit through the Diffusion of Information Systems Design Science Research: IFIP WG 8.2/8.6 International Working Conference, Perth, Australia, March 30 – April 1, 2010. Proceedings, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Verde, L., 2010. Statistical Methods in Cosmology, in: Wolschin, G. (Ed.), Lectures on Cosmology: Accelerated Expansion of the Universe, Lecture Notes in Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 147–177.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IBRO Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015. Blue Whale Interrupts Presenter’s Complaint About How Hard It Is To Find Blue Whales [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. Costs and Uses of Remote Sensing Satellites (No. RCED-83-111). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magnus, J.V., 2017. Female Police Officers: The Influence of a Masculine Culture (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Pain, Protest and Resistance. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weissleder, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Suter and Schibler, 2009; Weissleder, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Suter and Schibler, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Delfs et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleIBRO Reports
AbbreviationIBRO Rep.
ISSN (print)2451-8301
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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