How to format your references using the IBRO Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IBRO Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Inguscio, M., 2003. Physics. How to freeze out collisions. Science 300, 1671–1673.
A journal article with 2 authors
Perrimon, N., Bernfield, M., 2000. Specificities of heparan sulphate proteoglycans in developmental processes. Nature 404, 725–728.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smolyaninov, I.I., Hung, Y.-J., Davis, C.C., 2007. Magnifying superlens in the visible frequency range. Science 315, 1699–1701.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, H., Zhang, Yiqi, Yao, X., Wu, Z., Zhang, X., Zhang, Yanpeng, Xiao, M., 2014. Parametrically amplified bright-state polariton of four- and six-wave mixing in an optical ring cavity. Sci. Rep. 4, 3619.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saleh, J.H., Castet, J.-F., 2011. Spacecraft Reliability and Multi-State Failures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
An, S., 2014. Wetland Restoration: Shanghai Dalian Lake Project, Springer Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Anton, C., Olson, L., 2009. Generating Satisfiable SAT Instances Using Random Subgraph Isomorphism, in: Gao, Y., Japkowicz, N. (Eds.), Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 22nd Canadian Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Canadian AI 2009 Kelowna, Canada, May 25-27, 2009 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 16–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IBRO Reports.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Global Ecosystems At Risk Of Failing As Biodiversity Falls Below Safety Limit, Scientists Warn [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Assessment of the Explanation That Immigration and Customs Enforcement Provided for Its Subsequent Transfer from the Spectrum Relocation Fund (No. GAO-08-846R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amin, R.M., 2010. Detecting targeted malicious email through supervised classification of persistent threat and recipient oriented features (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J.R., 2017. The Harpsichordist With a Chip on His Keyboard. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Inguscio, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Inguscio, 2003; Perrimon and Bernfield, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Perrimon and Bernfield, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleIBRO Reports
AbbreviationIBRO Rep.
ISSN (print)2451-8301
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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