How to format your references using the IBRO Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IBRO Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M., 2010. Evolution: The first supper. Nature 468, S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fujii, N., Graybiel, A.M., 2003. Representation of action sequence boundaries by macaque prefrontal cortical neurons. Science 301, 1246–1249.
A journal article with 3 authors
Walden, H., Podgorski, M.S., Schulman, B.A., 2003. Insights into the ubiquitin transfer cascade from the structure of the activating enzyme for NEDD8. Nature 422, 330–334.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Braine, J., Lisenfeld, U., Duc, P.A., Leon, S., Due, P.A., 2000. Formation of molecular gas in the tidal debris of violent galaxy-galaxy interactions. Nature 403, 867–869.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levy, G., Levin, B., 2014. The Biostatistics of Aging. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bigerna, S., 2015. The Sustainability of Renewable Energy in Europe. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Gkoulalas-Divanis, A., Verykios, V.S., 2010. Summary, in: Verykios, V.S. (Ed.), Association Rule Hiding for Data Mining, Advances in Database Systems. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 25–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IBRO Reports.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Ancient Cave Art Records Fascinating Evolution Of European Bison [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Cloud Computing: Additional Opportunities and Savings Need to Be Pursued (No. GAO-14-753). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saha, P., 2008. Application hardware-software co-design for reconfigurable computing systems (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M., 2017. Where Are Homes Being Built? New York Times RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein, 2010; Fujii and Graybiel, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fujii and Graybiel, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Braine et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleIBRO Reports
AbbreviationIBRO Rep.
ISSN (print)2451-8301
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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