How to format your references using the IBRO Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IBRO Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pennisi, E., 2015. Beetle horns and book writing. Science 350, 1578.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ronald, P.C., Beutler, B., 2010. Plant and animal sensors of conserved microbial signatures. Science 330, 1061–1064.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sambur, J.B., Novet, T., Parkinson, B.A., 2010. Multiple exciton collection in a sensitized photovoltaic system. Science 330, 63–66.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yamashiro, C., Sasaki, K., Yabuta, Y., Kojima, Y., Nakamura, T., Okamoto, I., Yokobayashi, S., Murase, Y., Ishikura, Y., Shirane, K., Sasaki, H., Yamamoto, T., Saitou, M., 2018. Generation of human oogonia from induced pluripotent stem cells in vitro. Science 362, 356–360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonem, J.M., 2011. Problem Solving for Process Operators and Specialists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ata, S., Hong, C.S. (Eds.), 2007. Managing Next Generation Networks and Services: 10th Asia-Pacific Network Operations and Management Symposium, APNOMS 2007, Sapporo, Japan, October 10-12, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Luepschen, H., Leonhardt, S., Putensen, C., 2010. Measuring Stroke Volume Using Electrical Impedance Tomography, in: Vincent, J.-L. (Ed.), Intensive Care Medicine. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 46–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IBRO Reports.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Typhoon Seen From Space [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Response to the Department of Education’s Request to Reconsider the High-Risk Designation of Federal Student Aid Programs (No. GAO-03-885R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
King, G.D., 2010. Public Works Directors’ Perceptions of the Effects of Stakeholders on Environmental Policies in California Cities (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside, K., Das, A., Lyall, S., 2017. The Winner, in a Comeback. New York Times B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pennisi, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Pennisi, 2015; Ronald and Beutler, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ronald and Beutler, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamashiro et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleIBRO Reports
AbbreviationIBRO Rep.
ISSN (print)2451-8301
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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