How to format your references using the IBRO Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IBRO Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sutherland, W.J., 2003. Parallel extinction risk and global distribution of languages and species. Nature 423, 276–279.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chiarugi, A., Moskowitz, M.A., 2002. Cell biology. PARP-1--a perpetrator of apoptotic cell death? Science 297, 200–201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lupp, C., Skipper, M., Weiss, U., 2012. Gut microbes and health. Nature 489, 219.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Motoyama, E.M., Yu, G., Vishik, I.M., Vajk, O.P., Mang, P.K., Greven, M., 2007. Spin correlations in the electron-doped high-transition-temperature superconductor Nd2-xCexCuO4+/-delta. Nature 445, 186–189.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Verdu, J., 2012. Oxidative Ageing of Polymers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Guia, M.J., Koulish, R., Mitsilegas, V. (Eds.), 2016. Immigration Detention, Risk and Human Rights: Studies on Immigration and Crime, 1st ed. 2016. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ardoino, P.L., Ioppolo, F., 2014. Kinematics and Dynamics of the Vehicle/Seat/Occupant System Regarding Whiplash Injuries, in: Alpini, D.C., Brugnoni, G., Cesarani, A. (Eds.), Whiplash Injuries: Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer, Milano, pp. 27–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IBRO Reports.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Sperm May Use “Harpoons” To Fertilize An Egg [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Transportation Security: DHS Efforts to Eliminate Redundant Background Check Investigations (No. GAO-07-756). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rogers, S., 2014. Teacher Induction Programs: How Key Components Influence Teacher Retention Rates in Rural School Districts (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meyer, J.A., Meyer, L.R., 2007. Abolish Parole. New York Times 14CT15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sutherland, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Chiarugi and Moskowitz, 2002; Sutherland, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chiarugi and Moskowitz, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Motoyama et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleIBRO Reports
AbbreviationIBRO Rep.
ISSN (print)2451-8301
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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