How to format your references using the Chemistry Education Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemistry Education Research and Practice (CERP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon J., (2009), The Gonzo Scientist. Results from the science dance match-up challenge. Science, 324(5932), 1262.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kossinets G. and Watts D. J., (2006), Empirical analysis of an evolving social network. Science, 311(5757), 88–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim M., Carman C. V., and Springer T. A., (2003), Bidirectional transmembrane signaling by cytoplasmic domain separation in integrins. Science, 301(5640), 1720–1725.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Barrangou R., Fremaux C., Deveau H., Richards M., Boyaval P., Moineau S., et al., (2007), CRISPR provides acquired resistance against viruses in prokaryotes. Science, 315(5819), 1709–1712.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brodsky B. S. and Stanley B., (2013), The Dialectical Behavior Therapy Primer, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Faletti C. ed., (2016), Traumatologia scheletrica: Imaging integrato clinico-radiologico, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fiorini S., (2013), Change in Natural Resource Management: An Experiment with “Participatory GIS,” in Human-Environment Interactions: Current and Future Directions, Brondízio E. S. and Moran E. F. (eds.)., Springer Netherlands, pp. 97–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemistry Education Research and Practice.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J., (2016), SpaceX May Start Launching Rockets Again On December 16. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, (1983), Opportunities for Improving the Management of DOD Computer Systems, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres N., (2012), Do family nurse practitioner students understand the physiological changes associated with andropause in men over forty?

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Perlroth N., Scott M., and Frenkel S., (2017), A Cyberattack Hits Ukraine, Then Spreads. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohannon, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kossinets and Watts, 2006; Bohannon, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kossinets and Watts, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Barrangou et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemistry Education Research and Practice
AbbreviationChem. Educ. Res. Pr.
ISSN (print)1756-1108
ISSN (online)1109-4028
ScopeChemistry (miscellaneous)

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