How to format your references using the Chemistry Education Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemistry Education Research and Practice (CERP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rowley J. D., (2013), Genetics. A story of swapped ends. Science, 340(6139), 1412–1413.
A journal article with 2 authors
Engel H.-A. and Loss D., (2005), Fermionic bell-state analyzer for spin qubits. Science, 309(5734), 586–588.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ward C. V., Kimbel W. H., and Johanson D. C., (2011), Complete fourth metatarsal and arches in the foot of Australopithecus afarensis. Science, 331(6018), 750–753.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brown M. E., Barkume K. M., Ragozzine D., and Schaller E. L., (2007), A collisional family of icy objects in the Kuiper belt. Nature, 446(7133), 294–296.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zwecher M. J., (2010), Retirement Portfolios, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gray A., Jeffery K., and Shao J. eds., (2008), Sharing Data, Information and Knowledge: 25th British National Conference on Databases, BNCOD 25, Cardiff, UK, July 7-10, 2008. Proceedings, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Evgen’ev M. B., Garbuz D. G., and Zatsepina O. G., (2014), Heat Shock Proteins and Adaptation to Variable and Extreme Environments, in Heat Shock Proteins and Whole Body Adaptation to Extreme Environments, Garbuz D. G. and Zatsepina O. G. (eds.)., Springer Netherlands, pp. 59–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemistry Education Research and Practice.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J., (2017), What Should We Do With The International Space Station, Asks Congress. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, (1987), Battlefield Automation: Better Justification and Testing Needed for Common Computer Acquisition, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eslava Rios J., (2015), Automatic melanoma detection in dermatological images.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Coll S., (2017), Mystery at the Museum. New York Times, BR18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rowley, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Engel and Loss, 2005; Rowley, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Engel and Loss, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Brown et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemistry Education Research and Practice
AbbreviationChem. Educ. Res. Pr.
ISSN (print)1756-1108
ISSN (online)1109-4028
ScopeChemistry (miscellaneous)

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