How to format your references using the Chemistry Education Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemistry Education Research and Practice (CERP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
King G., (2011), Ensuring the data-rich future of the social sciences. Science, 331(6018), 719–721.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lv X. and Weng J., (2013), Ternary composite of hemin, gold nanoparticles and graphene for highly efficient decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. Sci. Rep., 3, 3285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rosu S., Libuda D. E., and Villeneuve A. M., (2011), Robust crossover assurance and regulated interhomolog access maintain meiotic crossover number. Science, 334(6060), 1286–1289.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu Y., Masson J.-Y., Shah R., O’Regan P., and West S. C., (2004), RAD51C is required for Holliday junction processing in mammalian cells. Science, 303(5655), 243–246.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Avlonas N. and Nassos G. P., (2013), Practical Sustainability Strategies, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Emrouznejad A. and Tavana M. eds., (2014), Performance Measurement with Fuzzy Data Envelopment Analysis, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Blom A. B. and van den Berg W. B., (2007), The Synovium and Its Role in Osteoarthritis, in Bone and Osteoarthritis, Bronner F. and Farach-Carson M. C. (eds.) Topics in Bone Biology. Springer, pp. 65–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemistry Education Research and Practice.

Blog post
Andrews R., (2016), Study Suggests Free Will Is An Illusion. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, (1976), Status and Issues Relating to the Space Transportation System, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bao J., (2010), Design enhancements in repetitive and interative learning control.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L., (2007), Another Summer, Same Dark Stage. New York Times, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (King, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (King, 2011; Lv and Weng, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lv and Weng, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemistry Education Research and Practice
AbbreviationChem. Educ. Res. Pr.
ISSN (print)1756-1108
ISSN (online)1109-4028
ScopeChemistry (miscellaneous)

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