How to format your references using the Chemistry Education Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemistry Education Research and Practice (CERP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton R., (2001), Golf course threatens to leave hole in fossil records. Nature, 412(6847), 572.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thrall P. H. and Burdon J. J., (2003), Evolution of virulence in a plant host-pathogen metapopulation. Science, 299(5613), 1735–1737.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baldini J. U. L., McDermott F., and Fairchild I. J., (2002), Structure of the 8200-year cold event revealed by a speleothem trace element record. Science, 296(5576), 2203–2206.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Auboeuf D., Hönig A., Berget S. M., and O’Malley B. W., (2002), Coordinate regulation of transcription and splicing by steroid receptor coregulators. Science, 298(5592), 416–419.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rémond Y., Ahzi S., Baniassadi M., and Garmestani H., (2016), Applied RVE Reconstruction and Homogenization of Heterogeneous Materials, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pooley R., Coady J., Schneider C., Linger H., Barry C., and Lang M. eds., (2013), Information Systems Development: Reflections, Challenges and New Directions, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ishibuchi H. and Nojima Y., (2009), Multiobjective Genetic Fuzzy Systems, in Computational Intelligence: Collaboration, Fusion and Emergence, Mumford C. L. and Jain L. C. (eds.) Intelligent Systems Reference Library. Springer, pp. 131–173.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemistry Education Research and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew E., (2014), When Exploding Whales Goes Horribly Wrong. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, (1980), Agencies Should Encourage Greater Computer Use on Federal Design Projects, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shamsai M., (2006), Prefabricated Cage System for Reinforcing Concrete Members.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley G., (2016), Death of a Red Carpet Reporter. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton, 2001; Thrall and Burdon, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thrall and Burdon, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Auboeuf et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemistry Education Research and Practice
AbbreviationChem. Educ. Res. Pr.
ISSN (print)1756-1108
ISSN (online)1109-4028
ScopeChemistry (miscellaneous)

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