How to format your references using the Chemistry Education Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemistry Education Research and Practice (CERP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Fisher L., (2015), Avoid major disasters by welcoming minor change. Nature, 527(7576), 9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wray G. A. and Babbitt C. C., (2008), Genetics. Enhancing gene regulation. Science, 321(5894), 1300–1301.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Schmitz B., Häggström T., and Tassinari M., (2003), Sediment-dispersed extraterrestrial chromite traces a major asteroid disruption event. Science, 300(5621), 961–964.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1. Sanderson S. L., Cheer A. Y., Goodrich J. S., Graziano J. D., and Callan W. T., (2001), Crossflow filtration in suspension-feeding fishes. Nature, 412(6845), 439–441.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rim C. T. and Mi C., (2017), Wireless Power Transfer for Electric Vehicles and Mobile Devices, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
1. Caires L. and Vasconcelos V. T. eds., (2007), CONCUR 2007 – Concurrency Theory: 18th International Conference, CONCUR 2007, Lisbon, Portugal, September 3-8, 2007. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Barta A., Kalyna M., and Lorković Z. J., (2008), Plant SR Proteins and Their Functions. in Reddy A. S. N. and Golovkin M. (eds.), Nuclear pre-mRNA Processing in Plants Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 83–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemistry Education Research and Practice.

Blog post
1. Andrew E., (2015), Strange Microorganism Under The Sea May Be Missing Link In Evolution. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, (2007), Older Driver Safety: Survey of States on Their Implementation of Federal Highway Administration Recommendations and Guidelines (GAO-07-517SP), an E-supplement to GAO-07-413, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Grzeda S., (2012), Use of Binomial Cluster Analysis in the Identification of Temporary Disaster Debris Management Sites.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K., (2002), Tough Club, a Dashing Man, And His Invisible Footprints. New York Times, 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisher, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Wray and Babbitt, 2008; Fisher, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wray and Babbitt, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Sanderson et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemistry Education Research and Practice
AbbreviationChem. Educ. Res. Pr.
ISSN (print)1756-1108
ISSN (online)1109-4028
ScopeChemistry (miscellaneous)

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