How to format your references using the Business Ethics: A European Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Ethics: A European Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roelfsema, P. R. (2002). Do neurons predict the future? Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5553), 227.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marti, K., & Kerridge, J. (2010). Planetary science. Nitrogen in the solar system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5982), 1112–1113.
A journal article with 3 authors
Frank, F., Sonenberg, N., & Nagar, B. (2010). Structural basis for 5’-nucleotide base-specific recognition of guide RNA by human AGO2. Nature, 465(7299), 818–822.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ohtani, N., Zebedee, Z., Huot, T. J., Stinson, J. A., Sugimoto, M., Ohashi, Y., … Hara, E. (2001). Opposing effects of Ets and Id proteins on p16INK4a expression during cellular senescence. Nature, 409(6823), 1067–1070.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rumelhard, C., Algani, C., & Billabert, A.-L. (2013). Microwave Photonic Links. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Heise, H., & Matthews, S. (Eds.). (2013). Modern NMR Methodology (Vol. 335). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Penati, A. (2015). The Role of Humanistic Disciplines in a Pedagogy of AdvanceDesign. In M. Celi (Ed.), Advanced Design Cultures: Long-Term Perspective and Continuous Innovation (pp. 69–85). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Ethics: A European Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 8). What’s The Difference Between An Outbreak And An Epidemic? Retrieved from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Public Transportation: Survey of Project Sponsors on Their Transit Projects and Experience with the Federal Transit Administration’s New Starts and Small Starts Programs (GAO-07-927SP, July 2007), an E-supplement to GAO-07-917 (No. GAO-07-927SP). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shore, L. A. (2014). The anima in animation: Miyazaki heroines and post-patriarchal consciousness (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Conklin, K. (2005, January 9). Honest Work, Honest Pay. New York Times, p. 14NJ15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roelfsema, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Marti & Kerridge, 2010; Roelfsema, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marti & Kerridge, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Frank, Sonenberg, & Nagar, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ohtani et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Ethics: A European Review
AbbreviationBus. Ethics
ISSN (print)0962-8770
ISSN (online)1467-8608
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

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