How to format your references using the Business Ethics: A European Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Ethics: A European Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brook, E. J. (2013). Atmosphere. Leads and lags at the end of the last ice age. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6123), 1042–1043.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marler, J. R., & Goldstein, L. B. (2003). Medicine. Stroke--tPA and the clinic. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5640), 1677.
A journal article with 3 authors
Su, D., Dou, S., & Wang, G. (2014). Single crystalline Co3O4 nanocrystals exposed with different crystal planes for Li-O2 batteries. Scientific Reports, 4, 5767.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kawata, S., Sun, H. B., Tanaka, T., & Takada, K. (2001). Finer features for functional microdevices. Nature, 412(6848), 697–698.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tian, J. (2005). Software Quality Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Theron, L. C., Liebenberg, L., & Ungar, M. (Eds.). (2015). Youth Resilience and Culture: Commonalities and Complexities (Vol. 11). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Zanzi, A., & Trombetta, A. (2014). Discovering non-constant Conditional Functional Dependencies with Built-in Predicates. In H. Decker, L. Lhotská, S. Link, M. Spies, & R. R. Wagner (Eds.), Database and Expert Systems Applications: 25th International Conference, DEXA 2014, Munich, Germany, September 1-4, 2014. Proceedings, Part I (pp. 35–49). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Ethics: A European Review.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. (2017, June 6). These Images Of A Pug’s Skull Will Completely Ruin Your Day Retrieved from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Aviation Safety: New Regulations for Deicing Aircraft Could Be Strengthened (No. RCED-93-52). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roy Chowdhury, T. (2012). Tracking Carbon Flow during Methane Oxidation into Methanotrophs Using 13C-PLFA Labeling in Pulsing Freshwater Wetlands (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Larkin, E. (2017, May 26). Trust and Trauma. New York Times, p. BR18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brook, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Brook, 2013; Marler & Goldstein, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marler & Goldstein, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Su, Dou, & Wang, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kawata, Sun, Tanaka, & Takada, 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Ethics: A European Review
AbbreviationBus. Ethics
ISSN (print)0962-8770
ISSN (online)1467-8608
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

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